About This Chapter
Basics of Early Childhood Education - Chapter Summary
This chapter allows you to review various theories of cognitive, social and moral development and the impact and necessity of these developmental stages to early childhood education. You will have the opportunity to study the theories of noted psychologists and sociologists as they are relevant to early childhood education.
Other lessons detail the history of and current trends in early childhood education and their impact on learning. Once you are finished with your review of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Detail the history of and outline current trends in early childhood education
- List Piaget's stages of cognitive development and Kohlberg's stages of moral development
- Explain the theories of development as presented by Robbie Case, Lev Vygotsky and Carol Gilligan
- Describe Maslow's hierarchy of needs and the theories of Jerome Bruner
- Identify Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development
- Discuss Howard Gardner's theory of intelligence and its impact on education
- Understand Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory of development
These video lessons provide the simplest, quickest way you can review this material, with 24/7 accessibility on any device and the option to print lesson transcripts for handy reference. Your Dashboard easily tracks your progress as you move through the chapter and lesson quizzes determine your readiness in moving from one topic to another.
1. History of Early Childhood Education
Early childhood education is an important first step in formal education for many young children. In this lesson, we will discuss the general history of early childhood education.
2. Current Trends in Early Childhood Education
This lesson is about current trends in early childhood education. We will outline three current trends in early childhood education and discuss what these trends look like in the classroom and how these trends impact student learning.
3. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
4. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.
5. Robbie Case's Theory of Development: Neo-Piagetian Perspective
The Neo-Piagetian perspective stemmed from criticism of Jean Piaget's Cognitive Development theory. This lesson will discuss the Neo-Piagetian perspective and Robbie Case's Theory of Development.
6. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
7. Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding in the Classroom
Psychologist Lev Vygotsky developed a theory of cognitive development which focused on the role of culture in the development of higher mental functions. Several concepts arose from that theory that are important to classroom learning. This lesson will focus on two concepts: zone of proximal development and scaffolding.
8. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
9. Jerome Bruner: Scaffolding and Constructivism Theories
Find out who Jerome Bruner is, and his role in identifying theories of scaffolding and constructivism. Read the lesson, then take a brief quiz to test your new knowledge about education theories.
10. Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth
Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome. This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each stage of development.
11. Howard Gardner: Theory & Impact on Education
What does it mean to be intelligent? In this lesson, we'll explore the multiple intelligences theory of psychologist Howard Gardner, including the different types of intelligence that Gardner proposes and his impact on education.
12. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples
Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.
13. Game Stage in Sociology: Definition & Overview
The game stage was first developed by sociologist George Mead. In this lesson, learn more about the game stage and self-development and look at some examples.
14. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.
15. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Pre-Kindergarten Education (5531): Practice & Study Guide course
- Development of Young Children
- Influences on Early Childhood Development
- Language Development in Children
- Atypical Development & Delays
- Federal Legislation Related to Children With Exceptionalities
- Accommodating Children With Diverse Needs
- Adaptive & Assistive Equipment for Learning
- Multicultural & Antibias Curriculum
- Early Childhood Classroom Safety
- Learning Environments in Early Education
- Managing the Learning Environment
- Instructional Planning for Early Education
- Instructional Processes for Early Education
- Grouping Techniques for Classrooms
- Integrated Curriculum & Interdisciplinary Connections for ECE
- Art Education for Early Childhood
- Physical Health & Wellness Education
- Fundamentals of Literacy in Early Education
- Fundamentals of Math in Early Education
- Fundamentals of Social Studies in Early Education
- Fundamentals of Science in Early Education
- Assessment Data in Early Education
- Early Childhood Educational Technology
- Assessments in Early Childhood Education
- Professional Development for Early Childhood Teachers
- Ethics & Professionalism in Early Education
- Family Collaboration & Advocacy in Early Childhood Education
- Praxis Pre-Kindergarten Education Flashcards