About This Chapter
Basics of Early Childhood Special Education - Chapter Summary
As an educator of young children in special education, it's good to know the basics of this unique educational field. Teachers benefit from understanding differences in special needs, legislation intact to aid students with special needs and ways to address those needs in the classroom. The resources in this chapter are designed to boost your knowledge of the basics of early childhood education. Review engaging lessons to better understand the following topics:
- Background of early childhood education
- Definition and types of special needs
- How the concepts of impairment, disability, developmental delay and handicap differ
- History of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
- Categories for special education designated by federal disability guidelines
- Ways students qualify for special education services
- Special education rights of parents and students
- Process of early intervention for students with disabilities
- How to integrate students with disabilities into schools
Lessons provide a wealth of information about early childhood special education to help you develop your curriculum. Quizzes are available in this chapter that enable you to assess your knowledge of these concepts.
How It Helps
- Provides historical facts: This chapter ensures you have a quality understanding of early childhood special education by offering the history of this field and legislation that supports it.
- Aids in intervention: Lessons ensure you know the signs young children display that signal a need for early intervention and assistance.
- Assists with integration: Feel confident that you understand the process of integrating your students with disabilities into the classroom by reviewing the lessons.
Exploring the resources in this chapter can ensure you're ready to:
- Discuss historical aspects of early childhood education
- Define and identify types of special needs
- Differentiate between impairment, handicap, disability and development delay
- Summarize the six main principles of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
- List the different categories of special education designated by federal disability guidelines
- Explain the basics of special education qualification in the K-12 public school system
- Describe the rights of parents and students in special education
- Recognize disabilities in students early, and develop effective intervention programs
- Take steps to integrate a student with disabilities into a mainstream classroom
1. History of Early Childhood Education
Early childhood education is an important first step in formal education for many young children. In this lesson, we will discuss the general history of early childhood education.
2. What Is Special Needs? - Definition, Types & Law
There are laws that protect individuals with special needs. This lesson will define special needs, identify the types of special needs, and the laws that protect the individuals.
3. Difference Between Impairment, Disability, Developmental Delay & Handicap
Many people use the terms 'impairment', 'disability', 'developmental delay' and 'handicap' interchangeably. Though these terms are related, they do not mean the same thing. This lesson explains the differences in these terms.
4. IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act - History and Summary
It is important for all teachers to understand the 2004 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and how it impacts students with disabilities. This lesson discusses the six main principles of IDEA and how they are implemented in the classroom.
5. Federal Disability Categories for Special Education
Disabled students face unique challenges and may require special accommodations for education depending on their needs. This lesson will explore the different categories designated by federal disability guidelines for special education.
6. How Students Qualify for Special Education Services
Understanding how students qualify for special education services can seem like an overwhelming task, but it doesn't have to be. In this video, we will break down the basics of special education qualification in the K-12 public school system.
7. Special Education Parent & Student Rights
Special education students and their parents have unique needs. This lesson will explore the rights of special needs students and their parents and will end with a short quiz to see what you have learned.
8. Early Intervention for Students with Disabilities
Like many aspects of life, it's important to identify students' disabilities early in order to create effective intervention programs. This lesson discusses the importance of early disability intervention and gives examples of actions to be taken.
9. Integration of Students with Disabilities into Schools
Students with disabilities have special needs when it comes to education. This lesson will discuss the specifics of integrating special needs students into mainstream classrooms, along with the controversies associated with doing so. We will end with a brief quiz to see what you have learned.
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Other chapters within the Fundamentals of Early Childhood Special Education course
- Developing Individual Intervention Plans for Young Children
- Assessment in Early Childhood Special Education
- Planning Instruction for Early Childhood Special Education
- Early Childhood Special Education Learning Environments
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Teaching Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Teaching Young Children with Language Delays & Disorders
- Teaching Young Children with Sensory Disorders
- Supporting Literacy for Young Children with Special Needs
- The Early Childhood Special Education Professional