About This Chapter
Basics of Gerontology - Chapter Summary
This chapter provides an in-depth examination of gerontology basics. View entertaining lessons from home or on-the-go to discover or refresh your existing knowledge of ageism, stereotypes and development in late adulthood and more. Lessons are accessible anytime and can be navigated in your sequence of choice. If questions arise during your review of this chapter, feel free to send them to our experts. Check your understanding of gerontology with help from short quizzes and a chapter exam. In no time, you should be able to do the following:
- Define and discuss the history of gerontology
- List different perspectives for defining age
- Identify and describe various theories of aging
- Describe common stereotypes associated with late adulthood
- Explain how ageism relates to stereotypes of aging
- Pinpoint and describe models of aging
- Discuss some variables involved in the aging process
- Outline influences on development during late adulthood
- Share the meaning of a cohort and explain the use of cohorts in gerontology
1. What is Gerontology? - Definition & History
This lesson explores the topic of gerontology and how this broad definition of gerontology has many fields that work together. This includes care-taking, research and policy issues all dealing with middle aged and older adults.
2. Defining Age with Different Perspectives: Definitions & Examples
If you think there is only one way to count how old you are, then this lesson is for you. We will look into several ways that people can determine your age, both in a relative and an absolute kind of way.
3. Theories of Aging: Structural-Functional, Symbolic-Interaction & Social-Conflict
The process of aging can be explained and better understood through three perspectives. This lesson will cover the structural-functional, symbolic-interaction and social-conflict perspectives of aging as well as the associated theories that function within those perspectives.
4. Theories of Aging and Death: Programmed Theories vs. Damage Theories
We all grow old, and we all die. Let's explore the possible forces that are at work in this process. Is it predetermined how fast we will age and when we will die, or is it dependent on the amount of damage our cells are exposed to?
5. Stereotypes in Late Adulthood: Factors of Ageism & Counter-Tactics
As people age, they often have to confront stereotypes that others hold about late life, and some that they themselves hold about older adults. In this lesson, we'll look at stereotypes and the truth about late adulthood.
6. Ageism & Stereotyping the Elderly: Definition & Examples
With this lesson, we will explore the cultural phenomena of ageism and stereotyping an individual due to their age. What stereotypes do you think you have against the elderly or growing older?
7. Models of Aging: Definitions & Types
There are different ways to describe how old someone is other than revolutions around the sun. We will explore a few of them and how they focus on either the individual or the individual's place in society.
8. Variables Involved in the Aging Process
Everyone changes as they age, but what causes those changes? In this lesson, we'll explore the different variables involved in the aging process, including biological effects, reactive effects, and cohort effects.
9. Influences on Development in Late Adulthood
As people age, they go through many changes, both positive and negative. In this lesson, we'll look at the major influences on development in late adulthood, including normative and non-normative change.
10. The Use of Cohorts in Gerontology
How do people change and grow as they age, and how can sociologists study this growth? In this lesson, we'll examine cohorts, including why gerontologists use them, and the difference in age-related change and cohort differences.
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Other chapters within the Sociology 103: Foundations of Gerontology course
- Research Design for Gerontology
- Demographics of Aging
- Physical Health in Older Adults
- Muscular, Skeletal & Integumentary Systems in Older Adults
- Circulatory & Respiratory Systems in Older Adults
- Cognition, Attention & Memory in Older Adults
- Intelligence & Creativity in Aging Populations
- Mental Health & Lifespan Development Disorders
- Cognitive Disorders in Aging Populations
- Personality in Older Adulthood
- Mental Health Treatment for Older Adults
- Social Implications for Older Adults
- Interpersonal Relationships in Aging Populations
- Finance & Aging
- Employment in Late Adulthood
- Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement
- Political Issues for Aging Populations
- Death & Bereavement in Aging Populations
- Nervous & Sensory Systems in Older Adults
- Studying for Sociology 103