Ch 2: Basics of Inquiry & Research in Earth & Space Science

About This Chapter

This chapter is designed to help you study the basics of inquiry and research in earth and space science. The fun text and video lessons and quizzes all help you learn and review the scientific method, experimental design, data collection methods, and more!

Basics of Inquiry & Research in Earth & Space Science - Chapter Summary

As you work through this chapter, you will find lessons created by our content experts that provide a detailed look at scientific research, the scientific method and scientific investigations. The method for experimental design in science is covered, and there are also lessons related to developing a scientific hypothesis and collecting and analyzing data in earth and space science. After completing this chapter, you should also be able to:

  • List the steps of the scientific method
  • Summarize appropriate tools for scientific tests and data collection
  • Understand variables and controls in science experiments
  • Explain how to assess the validity and reliability of a research study
  • Discuss how to present data from scientific investigations
  • Describe how math is fundamental to scientific progress
  • Analyze how to avoid bias in investigations

The video lessons are taught by our expert instructors and are designed to fit in your busy schedule, as the short lessons are available online at any time. Use the lesson quizzes to track your progress, and stay organized by using your Dashboard as you go through these lessons and the whole course.

13 Lessons in Chapter 2: Basics of Inquiry & Research in Earth & Space Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Scientific Research?

1. What is Scientific Research?

This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!

The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples

2. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples

The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.

What is Scientific Investigation? - Definition, Steps & Examples

3. What is Scientific Investigation? - Definition, Steps & Examples

Scientific investigation is the way in which scientists and researchers use a systematic approach to answer questions about the world around us. Read on to find out more. A quiz is provided to test your understanding.

Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method

4. Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method

What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists turn hypotheses into theories and laws? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this lesson on the design of scientific experiments.

Developing a Scientific Hypothesis

5. Developing a Scientific Hypothesis

This video describes how to create a hypothesis and includes the three main things needed to create a strong hypothesis. You'll learn how to make a clear statement that can be both tested and measured.

Scientific Investigations: Data, Evidence & Reasoning

6. Scientific Investigations: Data, Evidence & Reasoning

What is a scientific investigation? And how are data, evidence, and reasoning central to the scientific process? Learn about the difference between data and evidence and why logical reasoning is just as necessary as data itself.

Collecting & Analyzing Data in Earth & Space Science

7. Collecting & Analyzing Data in Earth & Space Science

In this lesson, you will learn about the different types of data collected by earth and space scientists, how that data is collected, and how it's analyzed.

Using Appropriate Tools for Scientific Tests & Data Collection

8. Using Appropriate Tools for Scientific Tests & Data Collection

A properly run experiment depends on using the right tools, both for data collection and analysis. In the end, it will save you time, money and frustration to spend some time planning out which tools are most appropriate for your work.

Variables & Controls in a Science Experiment

9. Variables & Controls in a Science Experiment

After watching this video, you will be able to explain how science experiments are conducted; what variables, controlled variables, and controls are: and why these things are important. A short quiz will follow.

Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

10. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.

Presenting Data from Scientific Investigations

11. Presenting Data from Scientific Investigations

In this lesson we'll overview the best practices for presenting data from scientific investigations. We'll talk about how to select appropriate media, cite sources, and use symbols, equations, pictures, and graphs in your presentations.

How Math Is Fundamental to Scientific Progress

12. How Math Is Fundamental to Scientific Progress

From algebra to statistics: learn how math is vital to the study of science, and the all scientific progress. Learn about how mathematical modeling and technology has led to rapid improvements in scientific knowledge.

How to Avoid Bias in Scientific Investigations

13. How to Avoid Bias in Scientific Investigations

In this lesson, you will learn what it takes to conduct a proper scientific investigation while doing your best to avoid any possibility of bias. Learn where possible sources of bias can come from and what you can do about it.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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