About This Chapter
Basics of Inquiry & Research in Earth & Space Science - Chapter Summary
As you work through this chapter, you will find lessons created by our content experts that provide a detailed look at scientific research, the scientific method and scientific investigations. The method for experimental design in science is covered, and there are also lessons related to developing a scientific hypothesis and collecting and analyzing data in earth and space science. After completing this chapter, you should also be able to:
- List the steps of the scientific method
- Summarize appropriate tools for scientific tests and data collection
- Understand variables and controls in science experiments
- Explain how to assess the validity and reliability of a research study
- Discuss how to present data from scientific investigations
- Describe how math is fundamental to scientific progress
- Analyze how to avoid bias in investigations
The video lessons are taught by our expert instructors and are designed to fit in your busy schedule, as the short lessons are available online at any time. Use the lesson quizzes to track your progress, and stay organized by using your Dashboard as you go through these lessons and the whole course.
1. What is Scientific Research?
This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!
2. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
3. What is Scientific Investigation? - Definition, Steps & Examples
Scientific investigation is the way in which scientists and researchers use a systematic approach to answer questions about the world around us. Read on to find out more. A quiz is provided to test your understanding.
4. Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method
What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists turn hypotheses into theories and laws? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this lesson on the design of scientific experiments.
5. Developing a Scientific Hypothesis
This video describes how to create a hypothesis and includes the three main things needed to create a strong hypothesis. You'll learn how to make a clear statement that can be both tested and measured.
6. Scientific Investigations: Data, Evidence & Reasoning
What is a scientific investigation? And how are data, evidence, and reasoning central to the scientific process? Learn about the difference between data and evidence and why logical reasoning is just as necessary as data itself.
7. Collecting & Analyzing Data in Earth & Space Science
In this lesson, you will learn about the different types of data collected by earth and space scientists, how that data is collected, and how it's analyzed.
8. Using Appropriate Tools for Scientific Tests & Data Collection
A properly run experiment depends on using the right tools, both for data collection and analysis. In the end, it will save you time, money and frustration to spend some time planning out which tools are most appropriate for your work.
9. Variables & Controls in a Science Experiment
After watching this video, you will be able to explain how science experiments are conducted; what variables, controlled variables, and controls are: and why these things are important. A short quiz will follow.
10. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
11. Presenting Data from Scientific Investigations
In this lesson we'll overview the best practices for presenting data from scientific investigations. We'll talk about how to select appropriate media, cite sources, and use symbols, equations, pictures, and graphs in your presentations.
12. How Math Is Fundamental to Scientific Progress
From algebra to statistics: learn how math is vital to the study of science, and the all scientific progress. Learn about how mathematical modeling and technology has led to rapid improvements in scientific knowledge.
13. How to Avoid Bias in Scientific Investigations
In this lesson, you will learn what it takes to conduct a proper scientific investigation while doing your best to avoid any possibility of bias. Learn where possible sources of bias can come from and what you can do about it.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Earth/Space Science (020): Practice & Study Guide course
- Foundations of Earth Science
- Scientific Data & Calculations
- Laboratory Equipment, Safety & Procedures
- Scientific Tools Used in Earth & Space Science
- Earth's Formation & Structure
- Plate Tectonics, Continental Drift & Ocean Formations
- Understanding Earthquakes
- Rocks & Minerals
- Effect of Weathering, Erosion & Deposition
- Geologic Time & Earth's History
- Environmental Impacts of Earth's Natural Resources
- Properties of Water & the Hydrologic Cycle
- Ocean Formation & Characteristics
- Earth's Groundwater
- Earth's Fresh Water
- Global Water Issues
- The Structure & Characteristics of Earth's Atmosphere
- Wind, Air Masses & ENSO in Atmospheric Circulation
- Clouds, Condensation & Precipitation
- Weather Conditions, Patterns & Severe Weather
- Climate Change & Air Pollution
- The Sun-Earth-Moon System
- Solar Radiation, Energy & Light
- Celestial Orbit Characteristics
- Formation of the Solar System
- Celestial Bodies in the Solar System
- Kepler & Newton's Laws of Motion
- Star Types & Life Cycle
- Origins & Theories of the Universe
- Introduction to the History of Astronomy
- MTTC Earth/Space Science Flashcards