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Ch 17: Basics of Organic Chemistry

About This Chapter

In this overview of the basics of organic chemistry, you will learn about topics like aliphatic hydrocarbons, yeast fermentation, and formation of protein from amino acids. You can use these short video lessons and interactive quizzes for completing a homework assignment or preparing for a test.

Basics of Organic Chemistry - Chapter Summary

This chapter includes lessons on the basics of organic chemistry. There are informative discussions that include an introduction to organic molecules, examples of polymerization, organic chemical reactions, and much more. You'll get information on the uses of carboxylic acid, learn what amino acids do and examine the structure of DNA.

Other lessons look at the process of fermentation as well as fractional distillation and organic chemical reactions. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:

  • Define aliphatic hydrocarbons, fractional distillation, and polymerization
  • Describe organic chemical reactions
  • Discuss properties of alkanes and alkenes
  • Classify alcohols and alkanols
  • Explore use of fermentation to make alcohol
  • Recognize the structural formula of carboxylic acid
  • Understand how amino acids form protein
  • Examine the chemical structure of nucleic acids and phosphodiester bonds

Our brief and informative video lessons will help you grasp the concepts presented. Our expert instructors use an engaging teaching style and plenty of examples. The video timelines let you navigate the videos and jump straight to the topics that are of greatest interest to you. Each lesson includes a short multiple-choice quiz to test your knowledge. Quizzes have links back to specific topics in the video.

12 Lessons in Chapter 17: Basics of Organic Chemistry
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Definition & Properties

1. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Definition & Properties

Learn about aliphatic hydrocarbons and discover where you can find these types of compounds in everyday life. Understand the definition and properties of aliphatic hydrocarbons.

What is Fractional Distillation? - Definition & Process

2. What is Fractional Distillation? - Definition & Process

Did you know that fractional distillation is commonly practiced by oil refineries using crude oil for the production of gasoline fuel? In this lesson, learn more about this fascinating process.

Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking

3. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking

Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.

Alkanes: Definition, Properties, Formula & Examples

4. Alkanes: Definition, Properties, Formula & Examples

Alkanes are chemical compounds that play a very important role in our lives. Plastic products, gasoline, natural gas - alkanes are necessary for us to have these. In this lesson, we will learn all about alkanes.

Alkenes: Definition, Properties & Examples

5. Alkenes: Definition, Properties & Examples

Alkenes are organic compounds that are recognized by the double bonds that are present in their chemical structure. You can find alkenes in things such as rubber and plastic products that we use every day.

Alcohols & Alkanols: Classification & Functional Group

6. Alcohols & Alkanols: Classification & Functional Group

At first glance, the term alcohol and alkanol sound quite similar. In fact, there are similarities between both compounds. Explore this lesson to learn about alcohols and alkanols, how they are classified, and what their functional groups are.

Yeast Fermentation: Using Fermentation to Make Alcohol

7. Yeast Fermentation: Using Fermentation to Make Alcohol

Without microbiology, you wouldn't be able to enjoy a refreshing adult beverage after work. In this lesson, we will examine the role of yeast in alcohol production.

Carboxylic Acid: Structural Formula, Properties & Uses

8. Carboxylic Acid: Structural Formula, Properties & Uses

We may not know it, but we encounter compounds called carboxylic acids regularly. These substances are in our kitchens and medicine cabinets and are used in various industrial applications. In this lesson, we will learn all about carboxylic acids.

What is Polymerization? - Definition, Types & Examples

9. What is Polymerization? - Definition, Types & Examples

In this lesson, learn about the process of polymerization. Explore the two major types, common polymers, and some of the chemistry involved with this biologically and commercially important chemical reaction.

How Amino Acids Form Protein

10. How Amino Acids Form Protein

Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Learn about the basic structure of an amino acid and how the molecules bond together through peptide bonds using a process called a dehydration synthesis reaction.

DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds

11. DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds

In this lesson, you'll discover what nucleotides look like and how they come together to form polynucleotides. We'll also explore nucleic acids and focus on DNA in particular.

Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers

12. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers

From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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