About This Chapter
Basics of Organic Chemistry - Chapter Summary
This chapter includes lessons on the basics of organic chemistry. There are informative discussions that include an introduction to organic molecules, examples of polymerization, organic chemical reactions, and much more. You'll get information on the uses of carboxylic acid, learn what amino acids do and examine the structure of DNA.
Other lessons look at the process of fermentation as well as fractional distillation and organic chemical reactions. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Define aliphatic hydrocarbons, fractional distillation, and polymerization
- Describe organic chemical reactions
- Discuss properties of alkanes and alkenes
- Classify alcohols and alkanols
- Explore use of fermentation to make alcohol
- Recognize the structural formula of carboxylic acid
- Understand how amino acids form protein
- Examine the chemical structure of nucleic acids and phosphodiester bonds
Our brief and informative video lessons will help you grasp the concepts presented. Our expert instructors use an engaging teaching style and plenty of examples. The video timelines let you navigate the videos and jump straight to the topics that are of greatest interest to you. Each lesson includes a short multiple-choice quiz to test your knowledge. Quizzes have links back to specific topics in the video.
1. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Definition & Properties
Learn about aliphatic hydrocarbons and discover where you can find these types of compounds in everyday life. Understand the definition and properties of aliphatic hydrocarbons.
2. What is Fractional Distillation? - Definition & Process
Did you know that fractional distillation is commonly practiced by oil refineries using crude oil for the production of gasoline fuel? In this lesson, learn more about this fascinating process.
3. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
4. Alkanes: Definition, Properties, Formula & Examples
Alkanes are chemical compounds that play a very important role in our lives. Plastic products, gasoline, natural gas - alkanes are necessary for us to have these. In this lesson, we will learn all about alkanes.
5. Alkenes: Definition, Properties & Examples
Alkenes are organic compounds that are recognized by the double bonds that are present in their chemical structure. You can find alkenes in things such as rubber and plastic products that we use every day.
6. Alcohols & Alkanols: Classification & Functional Group
At first glance, the term alcohol and alkanol sound quite similar. In fact, there are similarities between both compounds. Explore this lesson to learn about alcohols and alkanols, how they are classified, and what their functional groups are.
7. Yeast Fermentation: Using Fermentation to Make Alcohol
Without microbiology, you wouldn't be able to enjoy a refreshing adult beverage after work. In this lesson, we will examine the role of yeast in alcohol production.
8. Carboxylic Acid: Structural Formula, Properties & Uses
We may not know it, but we encounter compounds called carboxylic acids regularly. These substances are in our kitchens and medicine cabinets and are used in various industrial applications. In this lesson, we will learn all about carboxylic acids.
9. What is Polymerization? - Definition, Types & Examples
In this lesson, learn about the process of polymerization. Explore the two major types, common polymers, and some of the chemistry involved with this biologically and commercially important chemical reaction.
10. How Amino Acids Form Protein
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Learn about the basic structure of an amino acid and how the molecules bond together through peptide bonds using a process called a dehydration synthesis reaction.
11. DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds
In this lesson, you'll discover what nucleotides look like and how they come together to form polynucleotides. We'll also explore nucleic acids and focus on DNA in particular.
12. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
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Other chapters within the GCSE Chemistry: Practice & Study Guide course
- Steps of the Scientific Method
- Analyzing & Evaluating Scientific Data
- The Process of Scientific Thinking
- Mathematics in Science
- Scientific Vocabulary & Measurement
- Atoms & Atomic Structure
- Properties of Elements, Compounds & Mixtures
- Understanding Elements & Periodicity
- Block & Group Elements
- Chemical Bonds Overview
- Molecular Types & Structures
- States of Matter Overview
- Quantitative Chemistry
- Chemical Changes
- Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions
- Rate & Extent of Chemical Changes
- Chemical Analysis
- Chemistry of the Atmosphere
- Using Natural Resources
- GCSE Chemistry Flashcards