About This Chapter
Basics of Pharmacology - Chapter Summary
This comprehensive chapter provides a high-level overview of basic pharmacology concepts. These informative lessons outline the history and core principles of the field. You'll then examine various drug types and classes, pharmacological terminology, procedures and protocols. The chapter also helps you see the differences between pharmacy and pharmacology.
Our expert instructors designed each lesson to be simple, straightforward and engaging. This teaching approach allows you to quickly learn and remember the information. We've included interactive lesson quizzes to help you gauge your understanding of fundamental pharmacology concepts. You can study at any time that's convenient and use your desktop, laptop, tablet or smartphone to access these resources.
How It Helps
This chapter can function as a convenient supplement to any introductory pharmacology course. If you're an aspiring pharmacology student, study these lessons to learn more about the field and its fundamental concepts. Current pharmacology students can use the chapter to review information for their courses and study for upcoming exams. Additionally, healthcare professionals who need to take an introductory pharmacology course for continuing education or training purposes can use these resources to study and increase their basic pharmacology knowledge.
Studying these lessons can help you:
- Define pharmacology and understand its principles
- Summarize the history of pharmacology and psychomarmacology
- Recognize different types of pharmaceutical drugs
- Know how pharmaceutical and pharmacological drugs are classified
- Read and interpret pharmacological information
- Understand what a mechanism of action is
- Explain the first pass effect
- Use mnemonics to remember pharmacological terminology
- Outline the ADME process
- Assess pharmacokinetics, assays and pharmacology
- Identify drug classifications and their effects
- Describe the drug development process
- Comprehend pharmacological stress testing and nuclear stress testing
- Analyze the the pharmacology of antibiotics
- Define affinity, potency and efficacy
- Differentiate between pharmacology and pharmacy
- Use formulas and conversions to for pharmacology calculations
- Determine how half-life relates to pharmacology
1. Pharmaceutical & Pharmacological Drug Classification
There are a lot of drugs out there and a lot of ways to classify them. In this lesson, you'll learn four of the ways that drugs can be classified using organ systems, therapeutics, chemistry, and law.
2. Name Brand vs. Generic Drugs
There are millions of medications, but they all fall into one of two categories: generic or name brand. In this lesson, learn the technical differences between the two, and why one costs so much less than the other.
3. Therapeutic Equivalence: Definition & Examples
This lesson covers therapeutic equivalence, it's definition, it's implications, and examples. The examples include prescription and non-prescription examples. Additionally, it touches on how some prescription medications are known by the public. Personal choice, as well as physician choice regarding medication option is briefly covered.
4. Reading & Interpreting Pharmacological Information
It can be difficult interpreting the jargon on your prescription drugs, but in this lesson we'll outline what to look for and where you can go to find more information. This will keep you healthy and happy.
5. What is a Mechanism of Action?
How much thought have you given to exactly what happens once you swallow a pill, inhale a medicine or get an injection? We are going to learn what a mechanism of action is and discuss a few of the many mechanisms of action that exist.
6. The First Pass Effect in Pharmacology
Did you know that when you take a pill, only a fraction of that pill actually makes it into general circulation? Do you know why this is so? It has something to do with the first pass effect.
7. Mnemonics for Pharmacological Terminology
There are helpful aides to studying the various types, indications, side effects and contraindications of various drugs. In this lesson, explore some common mnemonics of the pharmacological world including IDEA, DR. TIMED, LEAN, and more!
8. What is ADME? - Definition & Process
Have you ever wondered what happens to the drug you take once you have taken it? That's what ADME and pharmacokinetics is all about! Don't be intimidated. Like swallowing a small vitamin pill, this lesson isn't all that hard.
9. ADME: Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacology & Assays
Pharmacology of medications is important to understand and be aware of when prescribing or caring for patients using medications. In this lesson, we will learn about the ADME of pharmacology.
10. Types of Drugs: Classifications & Effects
This lesson will describe the six major classes of psychoactive drugs, give examples of substances in each class, and explain what they cause a person to experience in the short-term and the long-term.
11. Pharmaceutical Drug Development Process
This lesson will summarize the drug approval process, the pre-clinical phase, the clinical phase, the NDA review, and phase IV clinical trials as well as their components.
12. Pharmacological Stress Testing
Pharmacological stress testing is an alternative way to measure the heart's response to activity in those who cannot participate in physical activity. In this lesson, we will learn what pharmacological stress testing is and how it works.
13. Pharmacological Nuclear Stress Testing
A pharmacological nuclear stress test uses radioactive tracer dye to evaluate blood flow in the heart. This lesson will cover why the procedure is used, what a patient experiences, and what equipment is needed.
14. Pharmacology Terms: Affinity, Efficacy & Potency
How do we determine how well a drug works? This lesson will discuss three important and often confused properties of drugs, affinity, efficacy, and potency, and how they differ from one another.
15. Types of Drug Tolerance in Pharmacology
This lesson is going to discuss the main different types of drug tolerance that can develop. We will cover how the drug tolerance develops and which drugs are more prone to the different types.
16. Idiosyncrasy in Pharmacology: Definition & Examples
Everyone has their idiosyncrasies. It turns out, they may also have idiosyncrasies involving medications! This lesson explains what an idiosyncrasy is in the pharmaceutical world and point out some examples as well.
17. What is an Attenuated Vaccine? - Definition & Examples
Most of us don't like getting shots but most of us still get our vaccinations. In this lesson, we will learn what an attenuated vaccine is. We will also look at different examples of attenuated vaccines.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Pharmacology course
- History & Types of Pharmacology
- Formulas & Calculations for Pharmacology
- Dosage Analysis in Pharmacology
- Pharmacology & Physiology
- Respiratory Medications
- Endocrine System Medications
- Therapeutic Responses in Pharmacology
- Stimulants & Pharmacology
- Medicinal Herbology
- Alternative Medicine & Pharmacology
- Alternative Medicine for Digestive Issues
- Reproductive Health & Pharmacology
- Cancer, Abnormal Cells & Pharmacology
- 5-HT3 Antagonist Drugs
- Anorectic Medications
- Medications for Colds & Coughs
- Medications for Infection Control
- Understanding & Administering Doxycycline
- Anticonvulsant Medications
- Overview of Antihistamines
- Understanding & Administering Loratadine
- Overview of Cholinergic Drugs
- GABA Analogue Medications
- Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
- Sodium Channel Blockers
- Understanding Steroids
- Uric Acid Reducers
- Anesthesia & Pharmacology