About This Chapter
Basics of Thermodynamics - Chapter Summary
This chapter uses brief but informative video lessons to get you up to speed on thermodynamics. You'll start by learning about the basics of energy and then move on to cover a variety of energy types and examples of each. More advanced topics in this chapter include the first and second laws of thermodynamics and calculating heat capacity for different types of substances. By the end of the chapter, you'll have reviewed the following:
- The significance of energy
- Mechanical, thermal, radiant, chemical, electrical and nuclear energy
- Conversion of kinetic energy to potential energy
- Methods of heat transfer
- Applications of the laws of thermodynamics
- Heat and energy diagrams
- Energy transformations in living organisms
These lessons are a quick and easy way to brush up on key thermodynamics topics. Each concept is clearly explained in short video lessons lasting less than ten minutes apiece. Watch the lessons as many times as you need until you've fully grasped the information presented. You can also use the lesson quizzes and chapter exam to assess your understanding of lesson material and target the areas where you need to focus.
1. What is Energy? - Definition and Significance in Nature
This lesson describes the nature of energy and how it is transferred from one source into another. Additionally, it will describe the significance of energy in natural systems.
2. What is Mechanical Energy? - Definition & Examples
In physics, energy is how work gets done. This video describes one important type of energy, mechanical energy, and provides examples of both kinetic and potential mechanical energy.
3. Kinetic Energy to Potential Energy: Relationship in Different Energy Types
This video defines and describes kinetic and potential energy. You'll learn how different types of energy can be classified as potential and kinetic. You'll also find out how kinetic and potential energy are transformed.
4. What is Thermal Energy? - Definition & Examples
This lesson defines and identifies examples of thermal energy everywhere from your kitchen to the Earth's core. We'll discuss geothermal energy, a renewable energy source, as well.
5. What is Radiant Energy? - Definition & Examples
This lesson defines and describes radiant energy in its different forms. The different types of electromagnetic waves created by radiant energy are identified and described as well. This includes X-rays, microwaves, and radio waves, to mention a few.
6. What is Chemical Energy? - Definition & Examples
This lesson describes chemical energy as a type of potential energy stored in chemicals, such as sugar and gasoline. The lesson discusses how energy is transferred from solar energy to chemical energy by plants and how gasoline is a source of chemical energy used to move cars.
7. What is Electrical Energy? - Definition & Examples
This lesson defines electrical energy and explores its role as a form of potential energy. It also offers an explanation of how it functions within electric fields and provides examples of its applications.
8. What is Nuclear Energy? - Definition & Examples
You've probably heard of nuclear energy. But what is it? And what is the difference between fusion and fission? This lesson will answer your questions about this exciting form of energy that involves atoms and their nuclei.
9. Mechanisms of Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection & Radiation
There are three main ways that heat is transferred between substances or objects. In this video lesson you'll learn about each one, and identify the differences between them.
10. First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy
This video describes the first law of thermodynamics. Several examples of the application of this law are discussed. The significance of the law and its practical application are discussed as well.
11. Applying the First Law of Thermodynamics to Reactions & Processes
In this lesson, we'll see how different forms of energy are related. We'll learn and apply the laws of conservation of mass and energy to chemical reactions, physical processes, nuclear reactions, and biological processes. A quiz will test your new knowledge.
12. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and Systems
In this lesson, we'll learn about the second law of thermodynamics. By studying this law, you'll understand how energy works and why we're all moving towards eventual chaos and disorder.
13. How to Calculate Specific Heat Capacity for Different Substances
This lesson describes specific heat capacity and explains how the specific heat capacity of water helps to maintain a relatively constant temperature in nature. Learn how to identify the specific heat capacity of other common materials and how to calculate specific heat capacity with an experiment.
14. Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams
Did you know that temperature and heat are not the same thing? Did you know that the temperature of water doesn't change when it boils? This lesson describes the relationship between heat and temperature. Diagrams are used to illustrate the relationship between heat and temperature during phase changes.
15. Energy and Life: The Transformation of Energy in Living Organisms
While the sun is an excellent source of energy, not all forms of life can utilize the sun's energy directly. This lesson describes how plants transform the sun's energy into potential energy stored in sugar, how living organisms utilize energy in sugar to perform work, and how the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is necessary for life.
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Other chapters within the FTCE Middle Grades General Science 5-9 (004): Test Practice & Study Guide course
- Structure and Behavior of Matter
- Trends of the Periodic Table
- Gas Laws
- Properties of Waves
- Electricity and Magnetic Force
- The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Electric Units
- Plate Tectonics and Dating Methods
- Cycles and Layers of the Earth
- Space Science
- Cell Biology
- Process of DNA Replication
- The Transcription and Translation Process
- Chemical Reactions of Metabolism
- Overview of Cell Division
- Biology of Genetics
- Plant Biology Overview
- Human Anatomy & Physiology Overview
- Biological Evolution & Natural Selection
- Organism Classification & Phylogenesis
- Microbiology Overview
- Ecology & Florida
- Analyzing Scientific Data
- Scientific Principles
- FTCE Middle Grades General Science 5-9 Flashcards