About This Chapter
Beams & Columns in Architecture - Chapter Summary
In this informative chapter, our instructors present topics related to the use of columns and beams in architecture. You'll review a variety of different types of architectural elements, including pilasters, balusters and transoms, as well as their definitions, uses and styles. You can work at your own pace as you work through this chapter, and go back to any topics that you're struggling with. The helpful quizzes at the end of each chapter are also a great way to test your understanding. If you need any assistance, contact one of our instructors for help. This chapter is designed to help you:
- Define architrave and balustrade
- Discuss the sculpture of caryatid columns and engaged columns
- Explain the architecture of Greek Corinthian order
- Detail how lintel beams are used in construction
- Identify different designs of newel posts
- Give the definition of peristyle
- Differentiate between a pilaster and an engaged column
- Describe the architecture of the Tuscan order
- Discuss uses for balusters and transoms
1. Architrave: Definition & Styles
Have you ever looked up at a long row of columns on a building? What's the name of the horizontal area above them? In this lesson, learn about how the Greeks pioneered using architraves in their architecture.
2. Balusters: Definition & Designs
If you've ever stood on a balcony or walked up a set of stairs, you've been near balusters. But what are they? In this lesson, learn about architectural elements called balusters.
3. Caryatid Columns: Definition & Sculpture
Did you know that the ancient Greeks sometimes used human figural sculpture in their architecture? Caryatids are famous examples of ancient art. In this lesson, learn about caryatid sculptures.
4. Engaged Columns in Architecture: Definition & Examples
Columns are important features of many architectural styles, but not all columns are the same. In this lesson, we'll explore the concept of an engaged column and check out where to find them.
5. Greek Corinthian Order: Definition & Architecture
Have you ever seen a column with a fancy, leafy top? Did you know it was part of a Greek architectural style? In this lesson learn about the Greek Corinthian order of architecture.
6. Lintel Beams in Construction
Some of our construction techniques are products of the modern age. Others are as ancient as human civilization itself. In this lesson, we'll look at the concept of the lintel, and see how it's been used across human history.
7. Newel Posts: Definition & Designs
There's a lot more that goes into building a staircase than you may realize. In this lesson, we'll talk about the newel post, and see what function in serves in the overall structure of a stairway.
8. Peristyle: Definition & Architecture
Have you ever walked along a covered walkway and looked out to a private garden? You might have been in a peristyle. In this lesson, learn about a Greek and Roman architectural form known as a peristyle.
9. Pilaster in Architecture: Definition & Origin
Any building that uses Classical motifs has strong vertical elements. However, not all of these elements are columns. In this lesson, we'll look at pilasters, and see how they've been used throughout history.
10. Pilaster vs. Engaged Column
Pilasters and engaged columns may look similar, but there's more to them than meets the eye. In this lesson, we'll check out these features and see how they're similar, and how they are different.
11. Tuscan Order: Architecture & Columns
The Tuscan order of architecture is an ancient style that not everyone knows how to recognize. In this lesson, we are going to see what defines this style as well as exploring its history.
12. What is a Balustrade in Architecture?
Balustrades are fairly common architectural features, but do you know how to identify them? In this lesson, we'll check out the history and components of the balustrade, and find out where to look for them in a building.
13. What is a Transom in Architecture?
Every piece of a building has a technical name, and today we're going to check out the transom. We'll explore the function of this element, and see how it can look differently around the world.
14. What is a Blind Arcade in Architecture?
What's an arcade, and what makes an arcade blind? In this lesson, we are going to check out the blind arcade in architecture, and see what defines this unique feature.
15. Arcades in Architecture: Definition & Styles
Have you ever walked along an open hall lined with arches? Have you ever heard of an arcade? In this lesson, learn about different styles of arcades and how they are used in architecture.
16. Grade, Pier & Plinth Beams in Foundation Design
Have you ever really looked at how your house is constructed? A good building needs a strong base. In this lesson, learn about important parts of foundation design called grade, pier and plinth beams.
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