About This Chapter
Behavioral Influences on Learning - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors review how behavioral factors impact learning. You will be introduced to behavioral theory starting with the seminal work of psychologist E.L.Thorndike and his law of effect. You will review the theory and processes of classical conditioning and study a well-known case of the use of classical conditioning.
As the chapter continues you will learn the principles and techniques of operant conditioning, and the advantages and disadvantages of the different schedules of reinforcement. You will find out about the intriguing Premack Principle, and how it can be used to reinforce desired behavior in the classroom setting. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Discuss Thorndike and the law of effect
- Explain the theory and process of classical conditioning
- Describe operant conditioning and how it influences learning
- List the advantages and disadvantages of the different schedules of reinforcement
- Define the Premack Principle and know how to use it to enhance learning in the classroom
- Explain shaping and how to use it in an educational setting
Our approach involves brief but information-dense video lessons accompanied by self-assessment quizzes to allow you to check your comprehension level and lesson transcripts. We highlight the important concepts by giving you key terms. And we make it easy to go back to a particular point in a video by giving you convenient tags that take you directly to the part you want to see. All these tools have been compiled by our experienced instructors who are experts in their field.
1. Behavioral Theory: Thorndike and the Law of Effect
How can outside forces change the way we behave? Why are people's actions shaped by rewards, such as money or good grades, or punishments, such as losing money or feeling pain? This lesson is an introduction to the famous psychologist Thorndike and his foundational research on why consequences of behavior, such as rewards or punishments, affect our future choices.
2. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples
Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.
3. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
4. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
5. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
6. Applying the Premack Principle in the Classroom
The Premack Principle is a famous idea in psychology that can help teachers with classroom management. In this lesson, learn how the Premack Principle relates to what motivates us as individuals.
7. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples
How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.
8. Learning Environment in the Classroom: Definition, Impact & Importance
One of the most important things a teacher can do is provide a positive learning experience. Setting up a positive learning environment is tricky, but not difficult. Get ready to learn about how to do this and why.
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