About This Chapter
When we are born, we have no knowledge of fear or what makes us happy, mad, sad or otherwise evokes feelings. It is only as we grow and interact with the world around us that we start to develop our personality and create reactions that will stick with us throughout our lives. For example, the first time you came in contact with a dog, you probably weren't afraid, but if your mom reacted to dogs in a fearful manner, you'd likely pick up on this and eventually start to react in the same way. Behavioral psychology is based on the ideas of how people react to certain situations. Jump right into your studies of behavioral psychology with lessons on the theory behind this perspective. Find out the history behind it and take a look at its major assumptions, including Thorndike and his Law of Effect.
Move into a video lesson on classical conditioning. Discover what this process is and how it works. Learn a little about the Little Albert experiment from Watson. This interesting experiment really helped with the understanding of how people, in this case a small child, can be taught or conditioned to react in a certain way. See how the findings from this experiment affected behavioral conditioning.
From there, learn more about operant conditioning. See how reinforcement can shape behavior and whether such reinforcement is positive or negative. Our lessons will also discuss schedules of reinforcement. See the advantages and disadvantages to the different types of schedules used. Continue your lessons to learn about the Premack Principle. Get an explanation of this principle and check out some examples to help you understand the concept better. Learn how the principle can be used in a classroom setting to help teachers get students to behave and work better.
Finish up your studies with a deeper look at how behavior is shaped. Go beyond the ideas of reinforcement and conditioning to see what other ways behavior can be molded. Thanks for watching!
1. Behavioral Theory: Thorndike and the Law of Effect
How can outside forces change the way we behave? Why are people's actions shaped by rewards, such as money or good grades, or punishments, such as losing money or feeling pain? This lesson is an introduction to the famous psychologist Thorndike and his foundational research on why consequences of behavior, such as rewards or punishments, affect our future choices.
2. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples
Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.
3. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
4. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
5. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
6. Applying the Premack Principle in the Classroom
The Premack Principle is a famous idea in psychology that can help teachers with classroom management. In this lesson, learn how the Premack Principle relates to what motivates us as individuals.
7. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples
How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.
8. Reducing Undesirable Behaviors in the Classroom
This lesson covers several options for reducing bad behavior in the classroom, including time out, satiation and token economies. The lesson touches on how to use these techniques, and what to avoid when trying to encourage good behavior.
9. Externalizing Behaviors: Examples & Definition
Externalizing behaviors are negative behaviors that are directed toward the external environment. Learn about the effects of externalizing behaviors, how they influence adulthood, and more.
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