About This Chapter
Behavioral Perspective of Learning - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors describe the various behavioral theories of learning, how they are used, and how they differ from one another. You will be introduced to Thorndike's Law of Effect, which became the underpinning of positive reinforcement. You'll learn the differences between classical and operant conditioning and study the key vocabulary terms associated with different behavioral theories of learning.
A lesson in this chapter covers Watson and Little Albert, and how the child overcame his phobia. As you progress through this chapter, you will study shaping, reinforcement schedules, and the Premack principle. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain Thorndike's Law of Effect
- Define classical conditioning
- Discuss the Watson and Little Albert experiment
- Detail the components of operant conditioning
- Explain different schedules of reinforcement
- List ways to apply the Premack principle in the classroom
- Outline how to use shaping to develop a specific behavior
All these concepts are taught using brief, fun video lessons that streamline the learning process. Accompanying the videos are self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts that further strengthen your comprehension of the material. Key terms are highlighted for you in the transcripts, and a jump feature in the video timelines take you directly to the spot in a video lesson you wish to review. All of the lessons are developed and taught by subject-matter experts.
1. Behavioral Theory: Thorndike and the Law of Effect
How can outside forces change the way we behave? Why are people's actions shaped by rewards, such as money or good grades, or punishments, such as losing money or feeling pain? This lesson is an introduction to the famous psychologist Thorndike and his foundational research on why consequences of behavior, such as rewards or punishments, affect our future choices.
2. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples
Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.
3. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
4. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
5. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
6. Applying the Premack Principle in the Classroom
The Premack Principle is a famous idea in psychology that can help teachers with classroom management. In this lesson, learn how the Premack Principle relates to what motivates us as individuals.
7. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples
How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.
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Other chapters within the Educational Psychology: Homework Help Resource course
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- Motivation in Learning: Homework Help
- Assessments of Learning: Homework Help
- Cognitive Perspective in Psychology: Homework Help
- Behavioral Perspective in Psychology: Homework Help
- Research Design and Analysis: Homework Help
- Instructional Pedagogy: Homework Help
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