About This Chapter
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- Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
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- Verify you're ready by completing the Behavioral School of Management Theory chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How has the neoclassical theory of management evolved since the 1920s?
- How does behavioral management theory explain employee behaviors and motivation?
- What is meant by the Hawthorne Effect?
- How can Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs be used to motivate employees?
- How do Theory X and Theory Y explain the two types of managers?
1. Neoclassical Theory of Management: The Human Relations Approach
In the early 1920s, a shift away from classical management theory took place as theorists began to consider the human side of an organization and the social needs of employees. In this lesson, you will learn about the evolution of the neoclassical theory of management and its two sources: the human relations movement and the behavioral management movement.
2. Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation
Behavioral management theory was developed in response to the need to account for employee behavior and motivation. The shift moved management from a production orientation (classical leadership theory) to a leadership style focused on the workers' human need for work-related satisfaction and good working conditions.
3. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity
Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.
4. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
5. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers
Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.
6. Halo Effect in Management: Examples & Concept
The halo effect is an important concept to understand because it can create errors in analysis and decision-making. The concept was first developed by psychologist Edward Thorndike in 1920. In this lesson, you will learn what the halo effect is and its application to the business world.
7. Hawthorne Studies in Management: Summary & Conclusions
Almost a century ago, researchers at a manufacturing plant in Illinois observed a principle of employee behavior that is as true and applicable today as it was then. In this lesson, you'll learn about that principle and its effect in business.
8. What Is Sensitivity Training for Managers? - Exercises & Importance in the Workplace
Sensitivity training can help improve the relationships between managers and employees. In this lesson, you'll learn about sensitivity training and its key concepts. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Management: Help and Review course
- Business Management Basics
- Management Basics: Help and Review
- Classical School of Management Theory: Help and Review
- Contemporary and Future School of Management Theory: Help and Review
- Planning in Organizations: Help and Review
- Organizational Change: Help and Review
- Organizing in Business Management: Help and Review
- Work Teams: Help and Review
- Leading in Organizations: Help and Review
- Leadership Theory: Help and Review
- Motivation in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Communication in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Controlling in Organizations: Help and Review
- Human Resources Basics: Help and Review
- Strategic Management and Managerial Decision Making: Help and Review
- Production and Quality Assurance: Help and Review
- Managing Organizational Changes
- International Management and Contemporary Issues: Help and Review
- Introduction to Small Business Management
- Theories of Business Management