About This Chapter
Behavioral School of Management Theory - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The video lessons in this chapter will help you understand the Behavioral School of Management. The lessons cover theories, approaches and contributions to this school. By the end of this chapter, you'll be able to do the following:
- Explain how the Neoclassical Theory of Management grew out of the human relations movement.
- Describe the shift from production-oriented management to behavioral management.
- Discuss the legacy of the Hawthorne Studies.
- Identify the five basic needs that motivate people, according to Abraham Maslow.
|Neoclassical Theory of Management: The Human Relations Approach||Get an overview of the evolution of the Neoclassical Theory of Management, also referred to as the Human Relations Approach.|
|Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation||Explore how the need to account for employee behavior and motivation resulted in the development of Behavioral Management Theory.|
|The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity||Examine the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne Studies and their contribution to the practice of management.|
|The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs||Discuss Needs Theory and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and how they're used to motivate employee behavior.|
|Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers||Learn about the two types of managers (X and Y), and explore the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies, according to Douglas McGregor.|
1. Neoclassical Theory of Management: The Human Relations Approach
In the early 1920s, a shift away from classical management theory took place as theorists began to consider the human side of an organization and the social needs of employees. In this lesson, you will learn about the evolution of the neoclassical theory of management and its two sources: the human relations movement and the behavioral management movement.
2. Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation
Behavioral management theory was developed in response to the need to account for employee behavior and motivation. The shift moved management from a production orientation (classical leadership theory) to a leadership style focused on the workers' human need for work-related satisfaction and good working conditions.
3. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity
Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.
4. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
5. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers
Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.
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Other chapters within the Business 101: Principles of Management course
- Management Basics
- Classical School of Management
- Contemporary and Future School of Management Theory
- Organizational Change
- Organizing in Business Management
- Work Teams
- Leading in Organizations
- Leadership Theory
- Motivation in the Workplace
- Communication in the Workplace
- Controlling in Organizations
- Human Resources
- Strategic Management and Managerial Decision Making
- Production and Quality Assurance
- International Management and Contemporary Issues
- Studying for Business 101