About This Chapter
Behavioral & Social Science Basics - Chapter Summary
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of behavioral and social science basics. Boost your understanding of this subject by reviewing fun lessons at your own pace. Closely examine topics that include human behavior, religion, cultural differences and rites of passage. Upon completion of this chapter, you will have the knowledge to do the following:
- Define human behavior and conditioning
- Describe different types of social structures in existence around the world
- Identify types of family and kin relationships
- Share the meaning of religion and its role in society
- Discuss societal rites of passage and rituals
- Detail the history of and issues associated with cross-cultural psychology
- Explain how attributional patterns can be determined by cultural differences
Access the lessons in this chapter as short videos or full transcripts. Take advantage of the clickable timeline with the videos. It lets you identify and skip to key topics without watching lessons in full. Also, benefit from the ability to highlight information and take notes on the transcript using your computer. Gauge your comprehension of behavioral and social science basics by taking short quizzes. Any questions you have about lesson topics can be sent to our experts.
1. What is Human Behavior? - Definition & Explanation
What does your behavior say about you? And how are behaviors shaped, anyway? Read on to learn about human behavior and conditioning. Then, test your knowledge with a post-lesson quiz.
2. Political Organizations: Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms & States
This lesson will seek to explain the different social structures that exist across the globe. In doing so, it will highlight bands, tribes, chiefdoms, and states. It will also define mana and redistribution.
3. Types of Family & Kin Relationships
In this lesson, you will explore several types of family and kinship relationships that are used across the world and across time. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society
This lesson will focus on the traits of religion. Using the works of Tillich and Noss, it will highlight religion's belief in the supernatural, its inclusion of a moral code, and its use of prescribed ritual acts.
5. Rituals & Rites of Passage in Society
Anthropologists can learn a lot about a culture by understanding the rituals that are practiced by a community. We'll look at examples, such as a vision quest and a Las Vegas wedding, to consider this topic.
6. Cross-Cultural Psychology: Definition, History & Issues
In this lesson, we will go over the history, significance, and current application of cross-cultural psychology, an often overlooked yet incredibly important field of psychology.
7. Cultural Differences in Attributional Patterns
Why do people act the way they do? There are many factors. In this lesson, we discuss how cultural differences can determine attributional patterns. We define internal and external attributions and discuss the attributional tendencies of individualistic cultures compared to collectivistic cultures.
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