About This Chapter
Behavioral Theories Affecting Education - Chapter Summary
Most instructional strategies have a basis in cognitive development and/or behavioral theories. In this useful study guide chapter, you'll explore some of the foundational behavioral theories that influence educational instruction today. By the end of this chapter, you'll have a better understanding of:
- Maslow's hierarchy of needs
- Thorndike's research on the Law of Effect
- John Watson's theory of behaviorism
- How B.F. Skinner's behavioral learning theories impact education
- The eight stages of psychosocial development as defined by Erik Erikson
The information in each lesson is presented in an easy-to-follow yet insightful format so you stay interested while also retaining the information. Assess how well you understand the concepts in each section by taking the brief multiple-choice lesson quizzes, and then the more comprehensive chapter exam. You can also utilize the printable quiz worksheets and transcripts for video lessons as offline study material or as a reference while viewing the lessons.
1. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
2. Behavioral Theory: Thorndike and the Law of Effect
How can outside forces change the way we behave? Why are people's actions shaped by rewards, such as money or good grades, or punishments, such as losing money or feeling pain? This lesson is an introduction to the famous psychologist Thorndike and his foundational research on why consequences of behavior, such as rewards or punishments, affect our future choices.
3. John Watson and Behaviorism: Theory & Experiment
John B. Watson was a pioneering figure in the development of the psychological school of behaviorism. Learn how the discipline of behaviorism started and how it has profoundly changed the way we live our lives in the modern era.
4. B.F. Skinner: Theories & Impact on Education
What does candy have to do with learning and behavior? In this lesson, we'll examine the theories of psychologist B.F. Skinner, including behavioral modification and educational applications of his behavioral learning theories.
5. Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth
Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome. This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each stage of development.
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Other chapters within the Praxis PLT - Grades K-6 (5622): Practice & Study Guide course
- Educational Theorists
- Theories of Educational Psychology
- Domains of Human Development
- Variables Affecting Learning & Teaching
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Special Education Modifications, Assessments & Legislation
- Motivation & Conditioning Theories in Education
- Strategies for Motivating Students
- Learning Environments & Classroom Management
- Instructional Theory & Approaches
- Standards & Frameworks in Instructional Planning
- Curriculum Planning
- Resources for Learning & Teaching
- Thematic & Interdisciplinary Instruction
- Cognition & Learning
- Instructional Models & Strategies
- Complex Cognitive Processes in Learning
- Promoting Collaboration & Self-Regulation in the Classroom
- Teaching Inquiry & Questioning Skills
- Classroom Discussion & Communication Techniques
- Assessing Student Learning
- Professional Development for Educators
- School & Organizational Support for Teachers
- Legal & Ethical Requirements of an Educator
- Praxis PLT: Grades K-6 Flashcards