About This Chapter
Belief Systems as a Source of Legitimacy - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Belief systems influence government policy, affecting decisions on everything from economics to social service programs. The lessons in this chapter examine a few types of political ideologies, such as libertarianism and socialism, as well as how religious beliefs can impact government policy. By the end of the chapter, you'll have an understanding of topics such as:
- The definition of political ideology
- How socialism and communism differ
- History of liberalism
- An explanation of the underground economy
- What fascists believe
- How religion influences political systems in some countries
|What Is a Political Ideology?||Learn to define and present examples of political ideology.|
|Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence||Study the history, belief system and impact of liberalism.|
|Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence||Examine the beliefs, history and influence of conservatism.|
|Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities and Differences||Get information on how communism and socialism are alike and ways in which they differ.|
|Capitalism vs. Socialism: Differences, Advantages/Disadvantages & the 'Underground Economy'||Discover the differences between capitalism and socialism as well as learn about the underground economy.|
|Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence||Learn what fascism is and its role in governments.|
|What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society||Examine religion and its influence in the world.|
|Religion's Influence on the State||Learn how religious views can influence government.|
1. What Is a Political Ideology?
Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.
2. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenants and its influence.
3. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
4. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences
People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
5. Capitalism vs. Socialism: Differences, Advantages/Disadvantages & the 'Underground Economy'
This lesson explores formal and informal economies by discussing the differences between capitalism, socialism, and the underground economy. Key characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of these economies will be covered.
6. Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. A short quiz follows.
7. What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society
This lesson will focus on the traits of religion. Using the works of Tillich and Noss, it will highlight religion's belief in the supernatural, its inclusion of a moral code, and its use of prescribed ritual acts.
8. Religion's Influence on the State
In the United States, we tend to take a separation between religion and government for granted. However, in other parts of the world, religious traditions don't only have official support of the state but sometimes are also even part of it.
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Other chapters within the AP Comparative Government and Politics: Exam Prep course
- Purpose of Government & Methods of Comparison & Classification
- Political Culture, Communication & Socialization
- Sovereignty, Authority & Power of Government
- Types of Government
- Political Institutions
- Parliamentary and Presidential Systems
- Types of Legislatures
- Elections & Electoral Systems
- Political Parties
- Interest Groups in American Politics
- Military & Other Coercive Institutions
- Judiciary Branches of Government
- Citizens, Society & the State
- Forces of Political & Economic Change
- Democratic State Systems & Structures
- U.S. Public, Social & Environmental Policies
- Economic, Fiscal & Trade Policy in the U.S.
- U.S. Foreign & Defense Policy
- The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
- The United States of America's Government
- Comparing the Governments of the US & Great Britain
- Germany's Government
- Russia's Government
- China's Government
- Mexico's Government
- Nigeria's Government
- Iran's Government
- AP Comparative Government & Politics Flashcards