About This Chapter
Between the World Wars (1919-1939) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In this chapter, you'll learn about the interwar period, a historical time frame that typically includes the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and ends with the Nazi Invasion of Poland in 1939. You'll learn about the political and social changes that occurred in Europe after World War I, including the establishment of republics in Germany and Turkey and the opposition to British rule in India. The early challenges to global democracy will also be discussed, including the rise of the fascists and Nazis in Italy and Germany.
A key part of the chapter will cover the causes of the Great Depression. You'll also find out about some of the international conflicts and crises that occurred prior to World War II, including the Chinese and Spanish civil wars. When you've finished watching the videos, you should have an understanding of:
- The key political figures of the interwar period, including Adolph Hitler, Mustafa Kemal, Benito Mussolini and Joseph Stalin
- The key political movements of the interwar period, including fascism, Nazism and nationalism in India
- The major causes of the Great Depression
- The remilitarization of Germany, including the lack of response from the West
|Gains of Global Democracy After 1919||Describe the postwar political changes that occurred in old nations and the characteristics of the new ones, especially in Eastern Europe.|
|The Weimar Republic: Strengths, Weaknesses and Collapse||Discuss the challenges, successes and failures of the new German republic.|
|Resistance in Turkey and India between World Wars||Explain the religious population transfers that occurred under Mustafa Kemal in Turkey and the drive for independence under Mahatma Gandhi in India.|
|The Great Depression: Timeline, Causes and Impact||Identify the economic conditions that led to the financial collapse of the United States and the worldwide economy.|
|Response to the Great Depression: Governmental Policies in the U.S., Britain and France||Discuss the governmental policies of the United States, Britain and France during the Great Depression.|
|Interwar Conflict in Asia between World Wars||Provide a timeline of Japanese aggression during the civil war in China. Explain how the Great Depression led to a lack of international response.|
|The Rise of Benito Mussolini and Italian Fascism||Describe the rise of Benito Mussolini and the development of fascism.|
|The Soviet Union Under Stalin||Discuss Joseph Stalin's 5-year plans and purges, as well as other Soviet policies between the World Wars.|
|Hitler's Third Reich: Rise to Power, History and Collapse||Understand the development of the Nazi state under Adolph Hitler.|
|The Spanish Civil War and the Influence of Foreign Powers||Explain the conflict between the loyalist Republicans and the Socialists under Franco, including the influence of foreign powers in the conflict.|
1. Gains of Global Democracy After 1919: History & Summary
In this lesson we briefly discuss the end of WWI and explore the proliferation of new states that occurred with the collapse of several central and eastern European empires.
2. The Weimar Republic: Strengths, Weaknesses & Collapse
In this lesson, we explore the Weimar Republic, the democratic government which governed Germany in between World War I and the rise of the Nazi party and Adolf Hitler.
3. Resistance in Turkey and India Between World Wars
In this lesson, we explore the resistance movements to western colonialism in both Turkey and India. Though both experienced colonialism via extremely different circumstances, both exhibited nationalist movements that opposed foreign rule.
4. The Great Depression: Timeline, Causes & Impact
In this lesson, we explore the Great Depression and the economic trends and practices that caused the greatest economic meltdown in the history of the world.
5. Response to the Great Depression: Governmental Policies in the US, Britain & France
In this lesson, we explore the greatest economic catastrophe of the 20th century, the Great Depression, as well as U.S., British, and French responses to the crisis.
6. Interwar Conflict in Asia Between World Wars: History & Response
In this lesson, we discuss Japan and China and the disparate fortunes of the two nations during the interwar period, including Japanese military aggression toward China.
7. The Rise of Benito Mussolini and Italian Fascism: Facts & Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the rise of fascism in interwar Italy, as led by Il Duce, Benito Mussolini. Mussolini's oppressive, totalitarian regime fell during WWII.
8. The Soviet Union Under Stalin: Five-Year Plans, Purges & Policies
In this lesson, we explore the brutal rule of Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union, from 1928 to 1953. Stalin radically transformed the economy of the Soviet Union, while also terrorizing its people.
9. Hitler's Third Reich: Rise to Power, History & Collapse
In this lesson, we explore the rise of Hitler's Third Reich, its domination of German society in the 1930s, and the world war it began which eventually led to its downfall.
10. The Spanish Civil War & the Influence of Foreign Powers: Definition, Summary & Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the Spanish Civil War that broke out between nationalists and socialists in Spain in the 1930s. In the aftermath, General Francisco Franco instituted a fascist dictatorship.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the History 102: Western Civilization II course
- Introduction to Western Civilization II
- Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Western Europe (1648-1715)
- Power Shifts in Eastern Europe (1648-1740)
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century (1700-1799)
- The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790)
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte (1780-1815)
- Industrialization (1700-1900)
- Political Developments (1760-1848)
- The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914)
- European Life and Trends (1850-1914)
- Imperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries
- World War I (1914-1919)
- World War II (1939-1945)
- Western Civilization Since 1945
- Studying for History 102