About This Chapter
Who's It For:
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering the biochemistry of major macromolecules and enzyme function material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the biochemistry of major macromolecules and enzyme function. Among those who would benefit are:
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Students Will Review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a biochemistry of major macromolecules and enzyme function unit of a standard cell biology course. Topics covered include:
- Proteins I and II
- Amino acids, polymerization and peptide bonds
1. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
2. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
3. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
4. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
5. Function of Enzymes: Substrate, Active Site & Activation Energy
In this lesson, we'll learn how enzymes function to lower the activation energy of a chemical reaction. Enzymes bind to their substrates to perform all kinds of important and essential cellular processes, as well as processes that help you enjoy a slice of pizza!
6. Enzyme Activity & Inhibition: Structure, Substrates, pH & Temperature
Enzymes appreciate the right working conditions. Can you blame them? We all work best in the correct environment. In this lesson, we'll learn how substrate concentration, temperature, and pH affect enzyme activity and structure.
7. What is Autolysis? - Definition & Histology
Dead things decompose so that they can be used by other organisms. One part of this process is autolysis, which occurs on the cellular level. Check out this lesson to learn about autolysis and how it plays a role in fields such as forensics and histology.
8. Bromelain: Uses, Health Benefits & Side Effects
Bromelain is an enzyme that is produced from the stems and juice of pineapples. It prevents amino acids from forming proteins. This lesson is about bromelain, its uses, health benefits, and side effects.
9. Bromelain vs. Papain
Bromelain and papain are both enzymes that break down proteins in the body and aid digestion. However, they also have different abilities to help the body function. This lesson will discuss the difference between bromelain and papain.
10. Bromelain: Sources, Structure & Interactions
In this lesson you will learn about a mixture of enzymes found in pineapples called Bromelain, its sources, therapeutic findings, structure and interactions.
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Other chapters within the Cell Biology Study Guide course
- Cell Theory and Living Organisms
- Parts of a Cell
- Cell Transport
- Cell Communication
- Plant Cells: Structure, Function and Metabolic Energy
- Cellular Respiration
- Stages of Cell Division
- Cells and Reproduction
- DNA: The Basis of Inheritance
- Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation
- Bacteria and Viruses
- Levels of Cell Organization and Specialization