About This Chapter
Biochemistry of Movement - Chapter Summary
With this helpful chapter on the biochemistry of movement, you can ensure that you fully understand how the body uses macronutrients to create energy. The brief lessons help you gain greater comprehension of amino acids, peptide bonds, and enzymes. By the end of the chapter, you should feel confident and prepared to:
- Define ATP and ATP synthase
- List the steps of aerobic respiration
- Discuss how fats, proteins, and carbohydrates are used in the body
- Recall the process of carbohydrate digestion and absorption
- Explain the relationship of starch and glycogen to glucose
- Discuss the structure of fatty acids and triacylglycerol
- Recount different types of protein structures
- Provide details about the denaturation of protein
The lessons in this chapter can help you quickly comprehend biochemistry of movement. Our online platform is designed so that you can study all the lessons in order or just the topics you need to review. A brief quiz is available for each lesson to test your knowledge, and you can also print the quizzes for use as an offline study tool.
1. ATP: Definition & Molecules
ATP is the molecule that fuels life. It is where our cells get the energy needed to perform their tasks. This lesson will define ATP, explain its structure, and briefly outline how it works.
2. ATP Synthase: Definition, Structure & Function
ATP Synthase is one of the most important enzymes found in the mitochondria of cells. In this lesson, you'll learn about ATP Synthase structure and function. You'll have the opportunity to check your understanding with a quiz at the end of the lesson.
3. Aerobic Respiration: Definition, Steps, Products & Equation
Aerobic respiration is the process most living things undergo to use food energy. Here, we will investigate the definition, the steps of the process, what goes in and what comes out of the process, and the chemical formula. Get ready to breathe!
4. The Metabolism of Fats, Proteins & Carbohydrates
Everybody eats. But what happens to that food once it is eaten? Cellular respiration explains carbohydrates, but what about fat and protein? This lesson explores how all three macronutrients are used by the body.
5. Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption: Process & End Products
Carbohydrates that you eat are broken down to monosaccharides by enzymes in your digestive tract. In this lesson, you will learn about these digestive enzymes and how monosaccharides are absorbed out of the digestive tract.
6. Starch vs. Glycogen: Structure & Function
In this lesson, we'll discuss starch and glycogen, their relationship to glucose, and how they are used by both plants and animals differently to survive. Then, take the quiz to test what you learned.
7. What is Fatty Acid? - Composition & Structure
Fatty acids are key components of triglycerides, which we use to store energy in our bodies. This lesson discusses the important characteristics of these acids in the human body.
8. Triacylglycerol: Structure & Function
Find out why triacylglycerol, more commonly known as fat, is important for our health. Explore the structure of triacylglycerol and how its chemical properties provide us with the energy our bodies need.
9. What Are Amino Acids? - Definition & Structure
Your body cannot function without proteins, and in order to build all these important proteins, your body needs amino acids. In this lesson, learn what amino acids are and what they look like. Then test your new knowledge with a short quiz.
10. Peptide Bond: Definition, Formation & Structure
Peptide bonds are the key linkages found in proteins. These bonds connect amino acids and provide one of the key foundations for protein structure. This article discusses peptide bonds, their formation, and their structure.
11. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
12. Factors Affecting Protein Structure
In this lesson we will learn the basics of protein structure and four factors that contribute to protein structure. We will also learn how this structure can be denatured and what that does to the protein.
13. Denaturation of Protein: Definition & Causes
Proteins are found in all living organisms. Problems occur when proteins become denatured. In this lesson, you will learn about a change in proteins known as denaturation.
14. What are Enzymes? - Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, you will discover what enzymes are, explore how they work, and learn why they're needed for your cells' day-to-day functions. The lesson concludes with a quiz to test your knowledge.
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