About This Chapter
Biochemistry - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter provides you with an overview of biochemistry. In these lessons, we will touch on topics like biochemical reactions. Learn about synthesis and decomposition, the function of enzymes and enzymatic reactions. You'll also get to study concepts that include electron carriers, cellular respiration, glycolysis and alcoholic fermentation. Study a range of ways cells in the body function and interact with each other. Lessons will also cover the citric acid cycle and the electron transport chain. Some of the additional things you will learn about include:
- Reversible reactions
- Enzyme-substrate complex
- Competitive inhibition
- Cellular metabolism
- Lactic acid
- Aerobic ATP
|Biochemical Reactions - Synthesis and Decomposition||Explore biochemical reactions and related terms, such as ATP, ADP and reversible reactions.|
|Function of Enzymes: Substrate, Active Site & Activation Energy||Analyze the function of enzymes.|
|Coenzymes, Cofactors & Prosthetic Groups: Function and Interactions||Examine concepts that include inorganic cofactor, organic cofactor and heme.|
|Enzymatic Reactions: Inhibition and Regulation||Learn about concepts related to enzymatic reactions, such as inhibitor, regulator, competitive inhibition, noncompetitive inhibition, positive regulator and negative regulator.|
|Redox Reactions & Electron Carriers in Cellular Respiration: Definitions and Examples||Study these concepts and learn terms, like reduction, oxidation, electron carrier, NAD and FAD.|
|Cellular Respiration: Energy Transfer in Cells||Find out more about cellular respiration, including the descriptions of cellular metabolism, cellular respiration, ATP, ADP, aerobic and anaerobic.|
|Glycolysis Pathway: Steps, Products & Importance||Take a look at the glycolysis pathway and terms like pyruvate and NADH.|
|Lactic Acid & Alcoholic Fermentation: Comparison, Contrast & Examples||Discover the similarities and differences between lactic acid and alcoholic fermentation.|
|The Citric Acid (Kreb) Cycle: Products and Steps||Explore the citric acid cycle, including concepts like aerobic respiration, the citric acid cycle, coenzyme A, acetyl-CoA, NAD and FAD.|
|The Electron Transport Chain: Products and Steps||Examine the electron transport chain and ideas that include electron transport chain, cytochromes and ATP synthase.|
|Application of Biochemical Pathways to Daily Activities||Study the application of biochemical pathways to daily activities and terms like residual ATP, creatine phosphate, aerobic ATP and anaerobic ATP.|
1. Biochemical Reactions: Synthesis and Decomposition
In biochemical reactions, substances react to one another to produce a product. Explore more about the different types of biochemical reactions, including synthesis reactions, decomposition reactions, and reversible reactions.
2. Function of Enzymes: Substrate, Active Site & Activation Energy
Enzymes are proteins that lower the activation energy of a reaction and act as a catalyst in living organisms. Learn more about the concepts of activation energy, substrate, enzyme-substrate complex, and active site, and discover their connection to the structure and function of enzymes.
3. Coenzymes, Cofactors & Prosthetic Groups: Function and Interactions
Enzymes sometimes require partners, called coenzymes, to function. Learn about two other aspects of enzyme function, including cofactors and prosthetic groups, each of which has different functions and interacts with enzymes differently.
4. Enzymatic Reactions: Inhibition and Regulation
Enzymes can be regulated positively by activators or negatively by inhibitors. Explore more examples of enzyme activity regulation, competitive inhibition, and non-competitive inhibition.
5. Redox Reactions & Electron Carriers in Cellular Respiration: Definitions and Examples
Cellular respiration is an important process that helps organisms produce energy. Learn about the definitions of redox reactions and electron carriers, including NAD and FAD, in cellular respiration, and find an example of the basic formula that describes the process.
6. Cellular Respiration: Energy Transfer in Cells
Cellular respiration is an important process that enables all living organisms to convert organic compounds into energy. Learn about cellular respiration and understand the roles of adenosine triphosphate, adenosine diphosphate, and oxygen to perform energy transfers in cells.
7. Glycolysis Pathway: Steps, Products & Importance
Glycolysis is the first step in cellular respiration, which is the final step in the process of converting food to chemical energy. Learn more about the steps of the glycolysis pathway and the importance of molecules and other products used in the process.
8. Lactic Acid & Alcoholic Fermentation: Comparison, Contrast & Examples
The production of lactic acid from cells in the human body is similar to how fermentation produces alcohol from yeast. Learn about the process of aerobic cellular respiration, and compare and contrast the production of lactic acid and the fermentation of alcohol.
9. The Citric Acid (Krebs) Cycle: Products and Steps
The citric acid cycle is the second of a three-part process of cellular respiration. Explore how our bodies progress from the first stage, glycolysis, and through the citric acid cycle before reaching the electron transport chain as food is transformed into energy.
10. The Electron Transport Chain: Products and Steps
The third step in the cellular respiration process is called the electron transport chain. Learn about cellular respiration and how the electron transport chain uses the products of glycolysis and the citric acid cycle to complete the final steps in the process and convert food into energy.
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