About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering human growth and development material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn about human growth and development. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the physiological changes occurring from the prenatal to adult stages of development
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning social science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about biological development
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra social science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Biological Development chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Biological Development chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any biological development question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a biological development unit of a standard human growth and development course. Topics covered include:
- Germinal, embryonic and fetal stages of development
- Cephalocaudal, proximodistal, and orthogenetic growth principles
- Prenatal stages of brain development
- Hazards to healthy prenatal development
- Prenatal, perinatal and neonatal environments
- Potential hazards during the birth process
- Newborns' developmental milestones
- Sexual development and maturation of adolescents
- Physical, psychological and emotional changes in adults
1. Prenatal Stages and Development: Germinal, Embryonic & Fetal Period
In the 9 months before a baby is born, there is an enormous amount of prenatal development. In this lesson, you will explore the following stages of prenatal development: the germinal period, the embryonic period, and the fetal period.
2. Principles of Growth and Development
Is there a pattern to how human growth and development takes place? This lesson will examine some universal principles of growth and development in order to help you find the answer to this question.
3. Prenatal Stages of Brain Development
The prenatal brain develops at an amazing speed. This lesson provides an overview of this brain development throughout the three trimesters of pregnancy and highlights key stages.
4. The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development
In this lesson, learn about the prenatal environment and what can be harmful to prenatal development. Learn about the hazards of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, disease and environmental pollutants during pregnancy.
5. The Impact of Mother's Emotional and Physical State on the Prenatal Environment
An unborn child and its mother are connected both physically and emotionally. Learn how prenatal development is affected by both the emotional and physical state of the mother in this lesson.
6. The Perinatal Environment and Potential Hazards During the Birth Process
What does perinatal mean? What happens during the birth process? What are some things that can go wrong? You will find the answers to these questions and more in this lesson!
7. The Neonatal Environment: Definition & Apgar Test
The neonatal period lasts from birth until four weeks old. Care during this period is essential to healthy development. In this lesson, explore the neonatal environment and learn how the Apgar test is used to assess newborn functioning.
8. The Newborn: Capabilities, Growth, and Developmental Milestones
Newborn growth and development is an amazing process! In this lesson, you will discover how babies learn, when they acquire certain abilities, and what reflexes they are born with.
9. Sexual Development and Maturation of the Adolescent
In this lesson, explore the changes that take place during puberty. You will meet Dick and Jane as they experience these changes, and you will be able to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
10. Physical, Psychological and Emotional Changes in Adults
As an adult you establish a unique identity, reach the proverbial midlife crisis, and eventually succumb to old age. In this lesson, learn about the physical, psychological, and emotional changes that take place along this journey.
11. What Is Physical Health? - Definition, Components & Examples
Physical health is critical for overall well-being and is the most visible of the various dimensions of health, which also include social, intellectual, emotional, spiritual and environmental health. Some of the most obvious and serious signs that we are unhealthy appear physically. Addressing this dimension is crucial for anyone attempting to sustain overall health and wellness.
12. Biological Differences Between the Sexes: Overview
What are some of the physiological differences between men and women? This lesson explores some of the differences in biology between the sexes. Read on, and then take a brief quiz to test your knowledge.
13. Homosexual: Definition & Overview
This article explores the definition and history of homosexuality from Ancient Greece to now. You may think you know what happened, but this article goes in much deeper detail.
14. Incest Taboo: Definition & Overview
In America, not only is it illegal to marry one of your siblings, but many people simply have no desire to do so. While that is the most common type of incest that comes to mind, it can include marriages between parents and children. Find out why incest is illegal and why, at a psychological level, many people find incest repulsive.
15. Transsexual: Definition & Meaning
Studying the transgender condition referred to as 'transsexual' can help you understand the complex internal struggle many of these persons face before, during and after transitioning. Explore this condition and test yourself with a quiz.
16. Embryonic Stage Development: Definition & Concept
There are three basic stages of mammalian gestation: germinal, embryonic, and fetal. This lesson focuses on embryonic development and the stages of growth between implantation and the point when an embryo becomes a fetus.
17. Human Embryogenesis: Definition & Stages
In this lesson, you'll learn about human embryogenesis, the process of reproduction in humans. You'll explore what happens during each stage of embryogenesis, as well as the key terms used to discuss the process.
18. Pros & Cons of Performance Enhancing Drugs
In this lesson, we will introduce anabolic steroids, a kind of performance-enhancing drug. We will then discuss why some people think performance-enhancing drugs should be legal, and why some people do not.
19. Performance Enhancing Drugs: Definition & Types
Have you ever wondered what makes a drug a performance enhancing drug? In this lesson, you will learn what a performance enhancing drug is, and the different classes of those drugs.
20. Sex Education in Elementary Schools
Sex education in elementary schools is one of the most important ways you can help children establish healthy habits and feel comfortable in their bodies. This lesson gives you a sense of what elementary sex education might look like.
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Other chapters within the Human Growth and Development: Help and Review course
- Human Growth & Development Theoretical Approaches: Help & Review
- Human Growth & Development Research Methods: Help & Review
- Genetic Influences on Development: Help and Review
- Sensory and Perceptual Development: Help and Review
- Cognition and Cognitive Development: Help and Review
- Creativity and Intelligence Development: Help and Review
- Language Development: Help and Review
- Social Development: Help and Review
- Social Relationship Development: Help and Review
- Atypical Development: Help and Review