About This Chapter
Biological Development in Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Biological development describes the physiological changes that occur in order to transform a zygote into an adult human being. The lessons in this chapter cover events during the prenatal period that are critical for development, as well as biological changes that occur during infancy, adolescence and adulthood. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- The stages of prenatal brain development
- Potential hazards during the birthing process
- How a mother's physical and emotional state affect prenatal development
- How newborns learn
- Gender differences in sexual development
|Prenatal Stages and Development: Germinal, Embryonic & Fetal Period||Learn what characterizes the germinal, embryonic and fetal periods and explain how each contribute to biological development.|
|Principles of Growth and Development||Describe the cephalo-caudal, proximodistal and orthogenetic principles of growth to explain the universal process of biological development.|
|Prenatal Stages of Brain Development||Describe how an infant's brain develops during pregnancy.|
|The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development||Name common teratogens, such as drugs and environmental hazards, that can affect prenatal development.|
|The Impact of Mother's Emotional and Physical State on the Prenatal Environment||Explain how a mother's age, nutritional status and emotional state can affect prenatal growth and development.|
|The Perinatal Environment and Potential Hazards During the Birth Process||Identify potential hazards that can occur while giving birth.|
|The Neonatal Environment: Definition & Apgar Test||Explain how the Apgar test determines a newborn's physical condition right after birth.|
|The Newborn: Capabilities, Growth, and Developmental Milestones||Explain how newborns learn and describe their typical physical and motor abilities.|
|Sexual Development and Maturation of the Adolescent||Describe the changes that occur during sexual maturation and explain how sexual growth and development differs in adolescent boys and girls.|
|Physical, Psychological and Emotional Changes in Adults||Describe the physical, emotional and psychological changes that commonly occur during adulthood.|
1. Prenatal Stages and Development: Germinal, Embryonic & Fetal Period
In the 9 months before a baby is born, there is an enormous amount of prenatal development. In this lesson, you will explore the following stages of prenatal development: the germinal period, the embryonic period, and the fetal period.
2. Principles of Growth and Development
Is there a pattern to how human growth and development takes place? This lesson will examine some universal principles of growth and development in order to help you find the answer to this question.
3. Prenatal Stages of Brain Development
The prenatal brain develops at an amazing speed. This lesson provides an overview of this brain development throughout the three trimesters of pregnancy and highlights key stages.
4. The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development
In this lesson, learn about the prenatal environment and what can be harmful to prenatal development. Learn about the hazards of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, disease and environmental pollutants during pregnancy.
5. The Impact of Mother's Emotional and Physical State on the Prenatal Environment
An unborn child and its mother are connected both physically and emotionally. Learn how prenatal development is affected by both the emotional and physical state of the mother in this lesson.
6. The Perinatal Environment and Potential Hazards During the Birth Process
What does perinatal mean? What happens during the birth process? What are some things that can go wrong? You will find the answers to these questions and more in this lesson!
7. The Neonatal Environment: Definition & Apgar Test
The neonatal period lasts from birth until four weeks old. Care during this period is essential to healthy development. In this lesson, explore the neonatal environment and learn how the Apgar test is used to assess newborn functioning.
8. The Newborn: Capabilities, Growth, and Developmental Milestones
Newborn growth and development is an amazing process! In this lesson, you will discover how babies learn, when they acquire certain abilities, and what reflexes they are born with.
9. Sexual Development and Maturation of the Adolescent
In this lesson, explore the changes that take place during puberty. You will meet Dick and Jane as they experience these changes, and you will be able to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
10. Physical, Psychological and Emotional Changes in Adults
As an adult you establish a unique identity, reach the proverbial midlife crisis, and eventually succumb to old age. In this lesson, learn about the physical, psychological, and emotional changes that take place along this journey.
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Other chapters within the Psychology: High School course
- History of Modern Psychology
- Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology
- Data Collection in Psychological Research
- Sampling in Psychological Research
- Measurement in Psychological Research
- Statistics in Psychological Research
- Evaluating Research Findings in Psychology
- Biological Bases of Behavior in Psychology
- Sensation & Perception in Psychology
- Motivation & Needs in Psychology
- Emotion in Psychology
- Stress in Psychology
- Basics of Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Sensory & Perceptual Development in Psychology
- Cognitive Development in Psychology
- Physical Development & Psychology
- Social Development in Psychology
- Personality Development & Theories
- Learning & Conditioning in Psychology
- Memory & Cognition in Psychology
- Intelligence Testing in Psychology
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Basics of Social Psychology
- Abnormal Psychology Basics
- Theories of Abnormal Psychology
- Abnormal Disorders in Psychology
- Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Psychology