About This Chapter
Biotechnology & Its Applications - Chapter Summary
In order to fully master this material, you should work through all of the lessons and utilize the resources that are available to you. Our materials enable you to review information about the basics of insulin production, the applications of DNA, the relationship between agriculture and genetic engineering and the future of gene therapy. By the conclusion of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Understand the advantages of using microbes
- Provide examples of the use of microbes
- Review the applicability of biotechnology
- Recall how DNA can be manipulated
- Know the role restriction enzymes play in recombinant DNA
- Discover how new versions of genes can be designed
- Explore the types of gene function
Our experienced instructors will explain each of these concepts to you in organized, informative and engaging lessons. The video lessons come with a timeline feature that includes video tags. Instead of watching the entire lesson, use the timeline feature to skip around to the specific parts of a lesson that you need to focus on more. In the text lessons, you can read transcripts complete with bold terms and phrases. There are also self-assessment quizzes following every lesson. With our combination of resources, you can make the most of your study time.
1. Microbial Factories: Using Bacteria to Make Specific Compounds
Microbial factories make use of microorganisms to produce commercial products. In this lesson, we will examine the advantages to using microbes and look at a few commonly produced compounds.
2. Commercial & Industrial Applications of Microbes
This lesson will demonstrate to you, with several examples, how microbes can help us clean up the environment, enjoy our food and drinks, and even produce cleaner types of energy.
3. Microbial Processes & Products in Biotechnology
Biotechnology may sound like a fancy term, but it is applicable to very basic things in your everyday life. In this video lesson we'll look at some of the things that come from microbes in biotechnology, some of which might surprise you!
4. Recombinant DNA: Definition, Applications & Methods
This lesson is all about recombinant DNA, which is DNA that has been combined from multiple sources. If you ever wondered about GMO's or how scientists are manipulating DNA to cure diseases, this article is for you!
5. Restriction Enzymes: Function and Definition
Restriction enzymes played a critical role in the advent of genetic engineering. In this lesson, you will learn what role restriction enzymes play in creating recombinant DNA.
6. How Ligase is Used to Engineer Recombinant DNA
DNA ligase makes recombinant DNA technology possible. In this lesson, you will learn how new versions of genes can be designed for experiments in novel host organisms using DNA ligase.
7. Using DNA Technology to Determine Gene Function
There are many genes in the human body. and we don't actually know what all of them do. So. how do we find out? Modern technology and research techniques have opened up new strategies for determining gene function, three of which we'll check out in depth.
8. Pancreas: Functions, Anatomy & Insulin Production
The islets of Langerhans within your pancreas produce the hormones insulin and glucagon. In this lesson, you will learn how these hormones regulate your blood sugar level in opposite ways.
9. Biotechnology Applications in Medicine & Genetics
The word DNA is most commonly associated with criminal investigations but the applications of genetics run well beyond this one field as this lesson explains. Test your knowledge by completing the quiz at the end of the lesson.
10. What is Genetic Engineering? - Definition, Benefits & Issues
When most people think of genetics, they think of their own genes, but genetics is also very important in agriculture. In this lesson, we will explore genetic engineering and how it relates to agriculture. We will also investigate the benefits and issues associated with genetic engineering.
11. What is Gene Therapy? - Definition & Uses
Gene therapy may be experimental, but it has the potential to revolutionize medicine. Learn what gene therapy is, how it's currently used, and how it may be used in the future. Then test yourself with a quiz.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the BITSAT Exam - Biology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Biological Diversity in the Living World
- The Cell: The Basic Unit of Life
- The Cell Cycle, Mitosis & Meiosis
- Biomolecules & Enzymes
- Genetics & DNA
- Digestive & Excretory Systems in Humans
- Respiratory System Overview
- Body Fluids & Circulation
- Movement, Control & Coordination of the Body
- Human Reproduction & Development
- Overview of Plant Structure & Function
- Photosynthesis & Respiration
- Plant Reproduction Overview
- Plant Growth & Movement
- Evolution Basics
- Ecology Overview
- Biodiversity & Environmental Issues
- Relationship Between Biology & Human Welfare
- BITSAT Exam - Biology Flashcards