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Ch 9: Bonding in Chemistry: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Bonding in Chemistry chapter of this College-Level Physical Science Help and Review course is the simplest way to master bonding. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of the topic.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering college physical science material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn the topic. Among those who would be helped are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding covalent bonds or working with metallic bonding
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about bonding in chemistry
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Bonding in Chemistry chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Bonding in Chemistry chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any bonding in chemistry question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any Web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a Bonding in Chemistry unit of a standard college physical science course. Topics covered include:

  • Types of chemical bonds
  • Lewis structures
  • London dispersion forces
  • Molecular orbital theory
  • Organic molecules
  • Functional groups in organic molecules

24 Lessons in Chapter 9: Bonding in Chemistry: Help and Review
Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

1. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.

Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

2. Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

Did you know that the scientific name for table salt is sodium chloride? Find out how sodium and chlorine atoms come together to form your favorite seasoning.

Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent

3. Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent

Are you confused about how you can tell what kind of bond two atoms will form? This lesson will help you understand the difference between polar and nonpolar covalent bonds as well as how to predict how two atoms will interact.

Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen

4. Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen

This lesson defines and discusses important concepts behind hydrogen bonding. You'll learn when and why these bonds occur and which atoms are often involved.

The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms

5. The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms

Learn the octet rule and how it applies to electron energy levels. Identify valence electrons and learn how to determine them by looking at the periodic table. Also, discover how they pertain to the octet rule. Learn how to draw the Lewis diagram of an atom, and understand how it provides clues to chemical bonding.

Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

6. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.

Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds

7. Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds

Review what a Lewis dot diagram is and discover how to draw a Lewis dot structural formula for compounds. Learn how to represent single, double and triple bonds with lines instead of dots. Also, learn how compounds arrange themselves.

Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions

8. Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions

This lesson defines Lewis dot structures and explains how to draw them for molecules in step-by-step detail. We'll also explore polyatomic ions and how to draw Lewis dot structures for them.

Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance

9. Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance

In this lesson, we'll review Lewis dot structures and how to draw them. Then, learn about resonance and resonance structures for molecules and polyatomic ions. Afterwards, assess your new knowledge with a quiz.

Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

10. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.

VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes

11. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes

In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.

Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity

12. Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity

Learn about dipoles and dipole moments in this lesson. Understand the relationship between dipole moments and molecule polarity, and learn how to determine if a molecule is polar or nonpolar.

Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

13. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.

London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

14. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.

Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape

15. Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape

You'll learn how to explain how shapes of molecules can be predicted using valence bond theory and hybridization. When finished, you'll understand the difference between sigma and pi bonds and how the VSEPR theory, along with the hybridization theory, helps predict the shape of a molecule.

Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams

16. Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams

Learn how to sketch the overlap of orbitals to form sigma and pi bonds. Use the molecular orbital theory to determine bond order. Discover how bond order affects bond strength and bond energy.

Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors

17. Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors

Learn why metallic bonding is called the electron sea model. Discover why metals bond the way they do and why they are shiny, malleable and conduct electricity well.

Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules

18. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules

Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.

Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers

19. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers

Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.

Functional Groups in Organic Molecules

20. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules

Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.

Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds

21. Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds

In this lesson, you will learn how to write the chemical formulas for both binary ionic compounds and polyatomic ionic compounds when you are given only the name of the compound. You will see that it is actually quite simple when you learn the steps described in this lesson.

Alkyl Ether: Compound & Formula

22. Alkyl Ether: Compound & Formula

Simply referred to as 'ether,' alkyl ether is an organic molecule that is widely used in the production of organic solvents. Discover the structure of alkyl ether as well as its molecular formula.

Bond Energy: Definition, Equation & Calculations

23. Bond Energy: Definition, Equation & Calculations

Chemical bonds adsorb and release a specific amount of energy. Learn how this energy is measured and how it's related to the number and types of bonds, the atoms involved in bonding and the stability of the final complex.

Reactivity: Definition & Examples

24. Reactivity: Definition & Examples

Bam! Boom! Sizzle! Those are just a select few noises you may hear when chemicals react with each other. To explore the fantastic chemistry of reactivity and learn about real life examples, continue reading.

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