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Ch 1: Bygone Religions: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Bygone Religions chapter of this Introduction to World Religions Help and Review course is the simplest way to master bygone religions. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of bygone religions.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering introduction to world religions material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn an introduction to world religions. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding the origin and functions of faith or bygone religions
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning social science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about bygone religions
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra social science learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the bygone religions chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the bygone religions chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any bygone religions question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a bygone religions unit of a standard introduction to world religion course. Topics covered include:

  • Religion and its role in society
  • Theories on the origins of religion
  • Types and practices of primal religions
  • Mystery cults and the early mother goddess
  • Religions of Sumer and Akkad
  • The myths of Babylon
  • Greek Myth and Religion
  • The Odyssey
  • Roman myth and religion
  • Primal Roman religious practices
  • The religions of Meso-America
  • The Meso-American religious rites of passage

36 Lessons in Chapter 1: Bygone Religions: Help and Review
Theocracy: Definition & Examples

1. Theocracy: Definition & Examples

Throughout history, governments have relied on various ideologies to structure bureaucracy. In this lesson, we explore theocracy, a system of government in which the country's religious institutions are closely intertwined with the state.

What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society

2. What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society

This lesson will focus on the traits of religion. Using the works of Tillich and Noss, it will highlight religion's belief in the supernatural, its inclusion of a moral code, and its use of prescribed ritual acts.

Theories on the Origins of Religion: Overview

3. Theories on the Origins of Religion: Overview

This lesson will explore the many theories on the origins of religion. In doing so, it will highlight the works of Kant, Muller, Frazer, Marx and Freud. It will also explain animism and nature worship.

Primal Religions: Types & Practices

4. Primal Religions: Types & Practices

This lesson will explore the many traits of the primal religions of past and present. In doing so, it will highlight animism, totemism and the use of shamans in the primal religions of the world.

Mystery Cults and the Early Mother Goddess

5. Mystery Cults and the Early Mother Goddess

What kind of problems do we encounter when talking about ancient religions? What are the Mother Goddess figures, and where do they pop up throughout history? Watch this lesson to learn about one of the earliest forms of religious worship.

Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History

6. Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History

This lesson will explore the religion of ancient Sumer and its Akkadian empire. In doing this, it will highlight the Sumerian pantheon, their ziggurats, and their belief in the afterlife.

What Are the Myths of Babylon? - Definition & Significance

7. What Are the Myths of Babylon? - Definition & Significance

This lesson will explore the creation myth of ancient Babylon as compiled in the Enuma Elish. In doing this, it will highlight the Babylonian belief in Marduk as the supreme being and the creation of humans to serve him.

The Epic of Gilgamesh

8. The Epic of Gilgamesh

Witness the Epic of Gilgamesh, a story of adventure, love and friendship. This long poem will help us examine the hallmarks of civilization for a Sumerian and the importance of dreams. We'll also cover the Sumerian contributions to the epic form of literature.

Greek Myth and Religion

9. Greek Myth and Religion

This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.

The Odyssey: Greek Epic

10. The Odyssey: Greek Epic

This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.

Roman Myths and Religion

11. Roman Myths and Religion

This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.

Gods of the Home: Primal Roman Religious Practices

12. Gods of the Home: Primal Roman Religious Practices

This lesson will explore the religions of early Rome. In doing this, it will highlight the Roman deities, Janus and Vesta. It will also explain the concept of numina, and the importance of Roman Lares and Penates.

The Religions of Meso-America

13. The Religions of Meso-America

This lesson will explore the bygone religions of Meso-America, specifically the Mayan and Aztec belief systems. In doing this, it will highlight their belief in animism, their sacred calendars, and the use of human sacrifice as a means of worship.

The Meso-American Religious Rites of Passage

14. The Meso-American Religious Rites of Passage

This lesson will explain the Mesoamerican rites of passage. In doing this, it will explore the ancient cultures and ceremonial practices of the Mayan and Aztec people of Mexico and Central America.

Greek Demigod: Definition & Explanation

15. Greek Demigod: Definition & Explanation

The stories of Greek mythology involved gods, goddesses, heroes, and monsters. These legends often starred a demigod, or a hero born of a mortal and a divine being. In this lesson, learn the definition of a demigod and its most enduring mythological examples, then take a brief quiz.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon: History, Facts & Location

16. Hanging Gardens of Babylon: History, Facts & Location

In this lesson, you'll explore the history, creation, and legend of the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon. After completing the lesson, test your understanding about ancient cultures, art, and architecture with a brief quiz.

Mother Goddess: Names & Explanation

17. Mother Goddess: Names & Explanation

Learn about mother goddesses through the mythology of the Babylonians, Greeks, and Egyptians. Explore the some examples of complex female deities in the ancient world.

Roman Augury: Definition & Overview

18. Roman Augury: Definition & Overview

Explore the ancient Roman practice of future-telling called augury, and test your understanding about Roman religion, culture and politics in the ancient world.

Tarhunt: Definition & Concept

19. Tarhunt: Definition & Concept

In this lesson we explore Tarhunt, the most powerful god within the ancient Hittite religion. From birth to the slaying of the serpent Illuyanka, Tarhunt shares many characteristics with other ancient deities.

The Incas: Definition, History, Religion & Facts

20. The Incas: Definition, History, Religion & Facts

Explore the ancient South American culture of the Incas, whose empire spread across the continent, and test your knowledge of their religion and art as well as their dramatic rise and fall.

The Lydians: History, Religion & Civilization

21. The Lydians: History, Religion & Civilization

This lesson is about a kingdom called Lydia, which was located in what is modern-day Turkey during at least one of the Trojan Wars. Its history, religion, and importance to civilization will also be discussed.

The Phoenicians: History, Religion & Civilization

22. The Phoenicians: History, Religion & Civilization

Explore the history, religion and culture of the seafaring adventurers and traders known as the Phoenicians in this lesson. You'll also learn about their contributions to the ancient and modern world.

The Egyptian Goddess Isis: Facts & Symbols

23. The Egyptian Goddess Isis: Facts & Symbols

If you've ever studied the Ancient Egyptians, you know that gods and goddesses were a very important part of religion and daily life. This lesson explores the history and symbols of Isis, the most powerful Ancient Egyptian goddess.

The Egyptian God Osiris: Facts & Symbol

24. The Egyptian God Osiris: Facts & Symbol

Osiris was one of the most important gods in Ancient Egypt. This lesson explores Osiris's role as the god of the underworld, fertility, and agriculture as well as several symbols associated with him.

Mesopotamian God Anu: Facts & Mythology

25. Mesopotamian God Anu: Facts & Mythology

The Mesopotamian civilizations had many deities, but none was quite as powerful as Anu. In this lesson, we'll explore the history and mythology surrounding this figure, and see what he meant to the Mesopotamian people.

Mesopotamian God Enki: Mythology & Symbols

26. Mesopotamian God Enki: Mythology & Symbols

In this lesson, you're going to meet one of the most important and powerful gods of ancient Mesopotamia. His name was Enki. You'll learn more about the mythology and symbolism of this god.

Mesopotamian Goddess Tiamat: History & Symbols

27. Mesopotamian Goddess Tiamat: History & Symbols

In this lesson, you're going to learn how the world was created, ancient Mesopotamian style. In order to do so, this lesson is going to center on a primordial goddess called Tiamat.

Symbols of The Mesopotamian God Nabu

28. Symbols of The Mesopotamian God Nabu

There were many gods in the Mesopotamian pantheon. In this lesson, we are going to check out the symbols of the god Nabu and see why he rose to become amongst the most important figures of ancient mythology.

Mesopotamian God Enlil: Mythology & Symbols

29. Mesopotamian God Enlil: Mythology & Symbols

Famers, sailors and kings all have one god to thanks, Enlil. Well, if you're a believer in ancient Mesopotamian gods anyways. Find out more about Enlil in this lesson.

Lamassu: Definition & History

30. Lamassu: Definition & History

The ancient world was full of incredible creatures. In this lesson, we are going to check out the lamassu, see where it came from and explore its role in ancient societies.

What is a Minotaur? - Definiton & Myth

31. What is a Minotaur? - Definiton & Myth

The Minotaur was one of the most famous creatures of ancient mythology. In this lesson, we'll explore the legend of the Minotaur, and see how this story may have been created.

Mesopotamian Goddess Ereshkigal: Powers & Symbols

32. Mesopotamian Goddess Ereshkigal: Powers & Symbols

This lesson introduces the goddess of the underworld to you, a goddess named Ereshkigal. You'll learn about her family tree, powers, role and the symbols that might be associated with her.

Mesopotamian Demon Pazuzu: Spells & Offerings

33. Mesopotamian Demon Pazuzu: Spells & Offerings

Pazuzu was considered one of the most powerful demon deities in the ancient Middle East, capable of great destruction or, at times, special help. Pazuzu was approached with offerings and could be accessed by spells performed in prescribed ways.

Mesopotamian God Ashur: Definition & History

34. Mesopotamian God Ashur: Definition & History

This lesson defines an ancient Mesopotamian god called Ashur. You're also going to learn about some of what we know about his origins and development in ancient history.

Orphism: Definition, Religion & Philosophy

35. Orphism: Definition, Religion & Philosophy

Orphism was but one of several Mystery Cults in the ancient world. It is deeply tied to the myth of Orpheus and Eurydice as well as several myths about the god, Dionysus. In this lesson, you will explore its rich mythology, history, and philosophy.

Atenism: History, Revolution & Decline

36. Atenism: History, Revolution & Decline

This lesson will explore the change from the traditional polytheistic beliefs of ancient Egyptians to monotheism during the reign of the pharaoh, Akhenaten. This lesson will highlight the god, Aten, the transition to monotheism under the pharaoh, and the eventual decline of Atenism.

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