About This Chapter
Standard: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation and spelling when writing.
About This Chapter
Students who master this standard can properly use forms of punctuation, such as colons, semicolons, periods, ellipses and dashes. Lessons cover spelling and take a look at different words that may sound alike. Basic capitalization rules are also taught. Lessons in the standard delve into topics that include:
- Using proper punctuation
- Homonyms, homophones and other words that sound alike
- Capitalization rules in writing
- Commonly confused words
Students can display their mastery of the standard by composing sentences that employ proper capitalization and punctuation, with correctly placed colons, periods and other punctuation devices. Students will also avoid mistaking commonly confused words. Learning this standard provides college and career preparation, since proper punctuation is vital to good writing.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Below are a few tips on using these lessons to provide instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.2 standard:
Have students watch the lessons on proper punctuation. Give students example sentences that are missing common punctuation and have them fill in needed colons, semicolons, periods, ellipses and dashes.
Commonly Confused Word Lessons
Show students the video lessons on homophones, homonyms and other commonly confused words. Give students a series of sentences with blanks and a series of options where commonly confused words may go. Let the students fill in the proper spellings of these words.
Capitalization Rules Lessons
After watching the video lesson on capitalization rules, have students each write three sentences with no capitalization. Have them trade their sentences with a partner and mark where the capitalization should go.
1. Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods
Periods, colons, and semicolons all have the ability to stop a sentence in its tracks, but for very different purposes. In this lesson, learn how and why we use them in our writing.
2. The Purposes of the Ellipsis and Dashes
In this lesson, we will learn when and how to use ellipses, en dashes and em dashes. These can be used to indicate a pause or a break in text. Ellipses can also be used to indicate an omission of text.
3. Spelling: Words That Sound Alike (Homonyms & Homophones)
Watch this lesson to learn to differentiate between words that sound alike but may be spelled differently. We'll specifically look at homonyms, homographs, and homophones.
4. Capitalization Rules in Writing
Capitalization is a very important concept in standard grammar in the written form of the English language. Watch this video lesson to learn what capitalization is and when to use it.
5. Commonly Confused Words in English
Is it 'accept' or 'except?' 'Affect' or 'effect?' How do you know when to use 'there,' 'their,' or 'they're?' Watch this video lesson to learn about some confusing words in English and how to properly use each one.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 8 - Language: Standards course