About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Carbohydrates in Nutrition chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Nature of carbohydrates||Definition and structure of carbohydrates; RDA, food sources and carbohydrate intake health guidelines|
|Tuesday||Carbohydrate function||Importance of carbohydrates, deficiency and functions|
|Wednesday||Lactose intolerance; blood glucose||The major disaccharides and lactose intolerance; ways to regulate blood glucose|
|Thursday||Type 1 and type 2 diabetes||Risk factors, causes, signs and symptoms, treatments|
|Friday||Excessive carbohydrates; fiber||Effects of excessive carbohydrates on health such as dental issues, obesity, type 2 diabetes; alternative sweeteners and gastrointestinal health; discussion of insoluble and soluble fiber|
1. Health Effects of the Excessive Consumption of Carbohydrates
Excessive consumption of carbohydrates, especially refined carbohydrates and added sugars, can lead to negative health effects. Learn how type 2 diabetes, dental caries and obesity are linked to the overconsumption of carbohydrates in this lesson.
2. Insoluble and Soluble Fiber: Dietary Needs
If you didn't know this already, there are many different kinds and functions of fiber! You'll learn about what dietary, functional, total, soluble, and insoluble fiber is and how much you need each day and why.
3. Lactose Intolerance and the Major Disaccharides: Definition, Structure & Examples
Disaccharides are a class of sugar created by the combination of two monosaccharides. The three major disaccharides in your diet are maltose, sucrose, and lactose. In this lesson, you will learn about these disaccharides and a common digestive system disorder called lactose intolerance.
4. Regulation of Blood Glucose: Importance & Nutrient Conversion
Blood glucose levels are closely regulated and maintained within a narrow range. Learn how the pancreatic hormones, insulin and glucagon, maintain normal blood sugar levels and how other nutrients can be converted to blood glucose in this lesson.
5. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
6. The Importance of Carbohydrates: Functions & Impact of Deficiency
The main function of carbohydrates is to provide the body and brain with energy. An adequate intake of carbs also spares proteins and helps with fat metabolism. Learn about the roles carbohydrates play and what happens when you don't get enough of them.
7. Type 1 Diabetes: Risk Factors, Signs & Treatment
Diabetes affects 26 million people (nearly 9% of the population) in the United States. But not all cases of diabetes are the same. The focus of this lesson is type 1 diabetes. We'll learn what it is, why it occurs, and how it affects the body in both the short- and long-term.
8. Type 2 Diabetes: Risk Factors, Signs & Treatment
As many as 57 million people in the United States are on the path to becoming diabetic. Over 90% of them will be type 2 diabetics. But, what is this disease, and why has it become so prevalent? This lesson explores the risk factors, symptoms, and treatment of type 2 diabetes.
9. What Are Carbohydrates? - Sources & Intake Guidelines
Do you know which foods contain carbohydrates? Learn sources of both simple and complex carbohydrates, as well as how many carbs you should consume each day to stay healthy and avoid disease, in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the Nutrition 101 Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Introduction to Nutrition Lesson Plans
- Healthy Diet Planning Lesson Plans
- Lipids in Nutrition: Lesson Plans
- Protein's Role in Nutrition: Lesson Plans
- Water as a Nutrient: Lesson Plans
- Minerals in Nutrition: Lesson Plans
- Symptoms of Mineral Deficiency & Toxicity: Lesson Plans
- How Vitamins Support Nutrition: Lesson Plans
- Gastrointestinal Anatomy and Digestion Lesson Plans
- Nutrient Digestion, Absorption & Transport: Lesson Plans
- Biochemistry for Nutrition Lesson Plans
- Cell Anatomy & Metabolism Lesson Plans
- Excretion - Urination & Sweat: Lesson Plans
- Weight Management & Energy Needs: Lesson Plans
- Eating Disorders & Nutrition Risks Lesson Plans
- Physical Fitness & Nutrition: Lesson Plans