About This Chapter
Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Learn the causes and treatments for various acquired cardiovascular abnormalities through the tutorials in this lesson. Find out about effects of heart valve disorders and familiarize yourself with care options for those suffering from low or high blood pressure. After finishing this chapter, you should know how to:
- Differentiate between tachycardia and bradycardia as well as dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Identify different types of inflammatory disorders
- Recognize the causes and symptoms of blood pressure abnormalities
- Discuss risks for prospective heart transplant patients
|Tachycardia: Types, Causes and Treatment||Learn what tachycardia is, why it occurs and how it's treated.|
|Bradycardia: Definitions, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment||Explore what bradycardia is, what causes it and what treatment options are available.|
|Heart Block: Different Types and Treatment||Discover where the heart can be blocked, focusing mainly on the three AV blocks and what they look like.|
|Valvular Dysfunctions: Types, Signs and Treatment Options||Learn about heart disorders related to each of the heart's valves. Understand each dysfunction's effects and possible treatments.|
|Inflammatory Disorders of the Heart||Recognize different types of inflammatory disorders, along with their indicators, causes and locations within the heart.|
|High and Low Blood Pressure: Causes and Treatment||Articulate major contributing factors to and symptoms associated with high and low blood pressure. Become familiar with treatment options for both.|
|Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prognosis||Learn how DCM affects the heart anatomically and physiologically. Also, explore its causes and treatments.|
|Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment||Examine causes, anatomy and physiology, and treatment of HCM and learn how it's different from DCM.|
|Heart Failure: The Left Heart, Lungs & Etiology||Understand the causes and indications of left-sided heart failure. Study its effect on the lungs.|
|Heart Failure: The Right Heart, Kidneys & Treatments||Discuss effects of right-sided heart failure on the body, especially the kidneys. Identify symptoms and treatment options.|
|Cardiogenic Shock: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments||Know the treatments for and causes of cardiogenic shock.|
|Hypovolemic and Septic Shock: Causes and Treatment||Articulate what contributes to septic and hypovolemic shock and how each is treated.|
|Pericardial Effusion: Causes and Treatment||Identify the causes, indicators and treatments of pericardial effusion.|
|Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis: Risk Factors and Causes||Define arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis. Become familiar with associated complications and potential treatments.|
|Peripheral Arterial Disease: Symptoms and Treatment||Become familiar with aneurysmal and occlusive arterial diseases. Understand aortic dissection.|
|Peripheral Venous Disease: Symptoms and Treatment||Distinguish between peripheral and central identifications. Know the symptoms of conditions such as thromboemoblic disease, superficial thrombophlebitis and acute deep vein thrombosis.|
|Heart Transplant: Patients Who Need Them, Risks and Statistics||Understand the foundational characteristics of heart transplant candidacy. Learn about risks involved in undergoing a heart transplant.|
1. Tachycardia: Types, Causes and Treatment
This lesson will discuss some common and important arrhythmias associated with the heart. Specifically, we'll discuss something known as tachycardia, where it can occur, why it occurs, and how it may be diagnosed and treated.
2. Bradycardia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Being slow is usually not a very good thing, and frankly, it's usually not good when your heart is slow either. Therefore, we will discuss something known as bradycardia, why it occurs, and how it may be diagnosed in this lesson.
3. Heart Block: Different Types and Treatment
We'll dive into an important discussion of a possibly deadly condition known as a heart block. Some are worse than others, and you'll learn about 4 important types in this lesson as well as what they look like on an EKG.
4. Valvular Dysfunctions: Types, Signs & Treatment Options
This lesson will quickly go over four heart valves, their location, what can go wrong with them, and then two detailed examples of how their dysfunction affects the body.
5. Inflammatory Disorders of the Heart
This lesson will discuss inflammatory disorders of the heart, including pericarditis and endocarditis, as well as what they may cause and what significant things may occur during testing.
6. High & Low Blood Pressure: Causes & Treatment
You've certainly come across the two main terms this lesson will discuss when it comes to blood pressure. But can you name the multitude of reasons why they occur physiologically? That's what you'll find out about in this lesson!
7. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, & Prognosis
We will go over an important medical condition known as dilated cardiomyopathy, why it occurs pathologically, what it does to the body physiologically, and how compensatory mechanisms help and hurt the body in this lesson.
8. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment
This lesson will discuss hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and cardiac hypertrophy in general, including what occurs, what the consequences are, and what treatment options exist.
9. Heart Failure: The Left Heart, Lungs, & Etiology
In this first of two lessons, we will cover the main causes, signs, and symptoms of heart failure. We'll also explore the ways that the left side of the heart and the lungs are affected by this condition.
10. Heart Failure: The Right Heart, Kidneys, & Treatments
In the second of two lessons on heart failure, we will discuss the signs of right-sided heart failure, fast heart rates, the important role the kidneys play in heart failure, and the major treatment options for this condition.
11. Cardiogenic Shock: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
In this lesson, we will take a look at something known as shock, define it, and look at a particular form of it known as cardiogenic shock. We'll discuss what may trigger it, what it does to the body, how the body tries to compensate for it, and how it may be treated.
12. Hypovolemic & Septic Shock: Causes & Treatment
This lesson will go over the pathophysiology of hypovolemic and septic shock. However, we will also cover what distributive, obstructive, neurogenic, anaphylactic, and septic shock are and how they relate to one another.
13. Pericardial Effusion: Causes & Treatment
Can the heart swing inside of your body? Maybe. You'll find out for sure in this lesson as we take a look at the pericardium, pericardial effusion, and cardiac tamponade!
14. Arteriosclerosis & Atherosclerosis: Risk Factors & Causes
This lesson will discuss the interrelationship between atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, angina, ischemia, and myocardial infarction, diagnostics, and treatments.
15. Peripheral Arterial Disease: Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will discuss three main points, including aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, and peripheral arterial disease. Furthermore, it will go into a big central cause for all three and how they can be detected and treated.
16. Peripheral Venous Disease: Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will discuss numerous cases of peripheral venous disease, including varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis, and thrombophlebitis, as well as their causes and treatment options.
17. Heart Transplant: Patients Who Need Them, Risks & Statistics
Heart transplants are really tricky things. This lesson explores the two main reasons for a heart transplant along with the biggest problem that may arise as a result of the procedure itself.
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Other chapters within the Pathophysiology Textbook course
- The Basic Components of Pathophysiology
- The Consequences of an Aberrant Immune System
- The Pathophysiology of Neoplasia
- Skin Related Pathology
- Trauma and Injury to the Nervous System
- Major Disorders Involving the Nervous System
- Congenital Cardiovascular Defects
- Pathologies of the Respiratory System
- Important Renal Anatomy and Physiology
- Diseases of the Urinary System
- Conditions Affecting the Gastrointestinal System
- Metabolic Derangements
- Blood Disorders: Anemia
- Hematological Maladies
- Blood Cancers
- Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System
- Reproductive System Disorders
- Clinical Test Results: Electrolytes, Cells, and Blood Proteins
- Clinical Test Results: Organ Function and Health