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Ch 8: Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities

About This Chapter

Watch videos on acquired cardiovascular abnormalities, including tachycardia and dilated cardiomyopathy. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Learn the causes and treatments for various acquired cardiovascular abnormalities through the tutorials in this lesson. Find out about effects of heart valve disorders and familiarize yourself with care options for those suffering from low or high blood pressure. After finishing this chapter, you should know how to:

  • Differentiate between tachycardia and bradycardia as well as dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Identify different types of inflammatory disorders
  • Recognize the causes and symptoms of blood pressure abnormalities
  • Discuss risks for prospective heart transplant patients

Video Objective
Tachycardia: Types, Causes and TreatmentLearn what tachycardia is, why it occurs and how it's treated.
Bradycardia: Definitions, Causes, Symptoms and TreatmentExplore what bradycardia is, what causes it and what treatment options are available.
Heart Block: Different Types and TreatmentDiscover where the heart can be blocked, focusing mainly on the three AV blocks and what they look like.
Valvular Dysfunctions: Types, Signs and Treatment Options Learn about heart disorders related to each of the heart's valves. Understand each dysfunction's effects and possible treatments.
Inflammatory Disorders of the Heart Recognize different types of inflammatory disorders, along with their indicators, causes and locations within the heart.
High and Low Blood Pressure: Causes and Treatment Articulate major contributing factors to and symptoms associated with high and low blood pressure. Become familiar with treatment options for both.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and PrognosisLearn how DCM affects the heart anatomically and physiologically. Also, explore its causes and treatments.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms and TreatmentExamine causes, anatomy and physiology, and treatment of HCM and learn how it's different from DCM.
Heart Failure: The Left Heart, Lungs & Etiology Understand the causes and indications of left-sided heart failure. Study its effect on the lungs.
Heart Failure: The Right Heart, Kidneys & Treatments Discuss effects of right-sided heart failure on the body, especially the kidneys. Identify symptoms and treatment options.
Cardiogenic Shock: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments Know the treatments for and causes of cardiogenic shock.
Hypovolemic and Septic Shock: Causes and Treatment Articulate what contributes to septic and hypovolemic shock and how each is treated.
Pericardial Effusion: Causes and Treatment Identify the causes, indicators and treatments of pericardial effusion.
Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis: Risk Factors and Causes Define arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis. Become familiar with associated complications and potential treatments.
Peripheral Arterial Disease: Symptoms and Treatment Become familiar with aneurysmal and occlusive arterial diseases. Understand aortic dissection.
Peripheral Venous Disease: Symptoms and Treatment Distinguish between peripheral and central identifications. Know the symptoms of conditions such as thromboemoblic disease, superficial thrombophlebitis and acute deep vein thrombosis.
Heart Transplant: Patients Who Need Them, Risks and Statistics Understand the foundational characteristics of heart transplant candidacy. Learn about risks involved in undergoing a heart transplant.

17 Lessons in Chapter 8: Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Tachycardia: Types, Causes and Treatment

1. Tachycardia: Types, Causes and Treatment

This lesson will discuss some common and important arrhythmias associated with the heart. Specifically, we'll discuss something known as tachycardia, where it can occur, why it occurs, and how it may be diagnosed and treated.

Bradycardia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

2. Bradycardia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Being slow is usually not a very good thing, and frankly, it's usually not good when your heart is slow either. Therefore, we will discuss something known as bradycardia, why it occurs, and how it may be diagnosed in this lesson.

Heart Block: Different Types and Treatment

3. Heart Block: Different Types and Treatment

We'll dive into an important discussion of a possibly deadly condition known as a heart block. Some are worse than others, and you'll learn about 4 important types in this lesson as well as what they look like on an EKG.

Valvular Dysfunctions: Types, Signs & Treatment Options

4. Valvular Dysfunctions: Types, Signs & Treatment Options

This lesson will quickly go over four heart valves, their location, what can go wrong with them, and then two detailed examples of how their dysfunction affects the body.

Inflammatory Disorders of the Heart

5. Inflammatory Disorders of the Heart

This lesson will discuss inflammatory disorders of the heart, including pericarditis and endocarditis, as well as what they may cause and what significant things may occur during testing.

High & Low Blood Pressure: Causes & Treatment

6. High & Low Blood Pressure: Causes & Treatment

You've certainly come across the two main terms this lesson will discuss when it comes to blood pressure. But can you name the multitude of reasons why they occur physiologically? That's what you'll find out about in this lesson!

Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, & Prognosis

7. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, & Prognosis

We will go over an important medical condition known as dilated cardiomyopathy, why it occurs pathologically, what it does to the body physiologically, and how compensatory mechanisms help and hurt the body in this lesson.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

8. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

This lesson will discuss hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and cardiac hypertrophy in general, including what occurs, what the consequences are, and what treatment options exist.

Heart Failure: The Left Heart, Lungs, & Etiology

9. Heart Failure: The Left Heart, Lungs, & Etiology

In this first of two lessons, we will cover the main causes, signs, and symptoms of heart failure. We'll also explore the ways that the left side of the heart and the lungs are affected by this condition.

Heart Failure: The Right Heart, Kidneys, & Treatments

10. Heart Failure: The Right Heart, Kidneys, & Treatments

In the second of two lessons on heart failure, we will discuss the signs of right-sided heart failure, fast heart rates, the important role the kidneys play in heart failure, and the major treatment options for this condition.

Cardiogenic Shock: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

11. Cardiogenic Shock: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

In this lesson, we will take a look at something known as shock, define it, and look at a particular form of it known as cardiogenic shock. We'll discuss what may trigger it, what it does to the body, how the body tries to compensate for it, and how it may be treated.

Hypovolemic & Septic Shock: Causes & Treatment

12. Hypovolemic & Septic Shock: Causes & Treatment

This lesson will go over the pathophysiology of hypovolemic and septic shock. However, we will also cover what distributive, obstructive, neurogenic, anaphylactic, and septic shock are and how they relate to one another.

Pericardial Effusion: Causes & Treatment

13. Pericardial Effusion: Causes & Treatment

Can the heart swing inside of your body? Maybe. You'll find out for sure in this lesson as we take a look at the pericardium, pericardial effusion, and cardiac tamponade!

Arteriosclerosis & Atherosclerosis: Risk Factors & Causes

14. Arteriosclerosis & Atherosclerosis: Risk Factors & Causes

This lesson will discuss the interrelationship between atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, angina, ischemia, and myocardial infarction, diagnostics, and treatments.

Peripheral Arterial Disease: Symptoms & Treatment

15. Peripheral Arterial Disease: Symptoms & Treatment

This lesson will discuss three main points, including aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, and peripheral arterial disease. Furthermore, it will go into a big central cause for all three and how they can be detected and treated.

Peripheral Venous Disease: Symptoms & Treatment

16. Peripheral Venous Disease: Symptoms & Treatment

This lesson will discuss numerous cases of peripheral venous disease, including varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis, and thrombophlebitis, as well as their causes and treatment options.

Heart Transplant: Patients Who Need Them, Risks & Statistics

17. Heart Transplant: Patients Who Need Them, Risks & Statistics

Heart transplants are really tricky things. This lesson explores the two main reasons for a heart transplant along with the biggest problem that may arise as a result of the procedure itself.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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