About This Chapter
Career Changes Over the Lifespan - Chapter Summary
Up until about the late 20th century, staying in one career for 30 or 40 years was pretty common, but that trend no longer exists, as most people make career changes multiple times in their lives. This chapter addresses the psychological and social reasons that explain why people change careers over the course of their lifespans.
Our lessons make it easy to review this information for several reasons. First of all, each lesson is self-contained and can usually be completed in 5-10 minutes. Second, each lesson stays focused on a single topic, helping you maintain your attention as you master the topic. Lastly, our lessons are in the easy-to-follow formats of either videos or text-based articles. Both formats are entertaining and highly informative. After you finish this chapter, you'll be ready to:
- Describe how personal and social factors contribute to occupational choices
- Identify ways that occupational choices change over time
- Analyze different aspects of job satisfaction with older workers
- Check out Super's occupational development stages
- Define age diversity and provide examples of it in the workplace
- Examine discrimination and biases of age-based stereotypes
1. Factors Affecting Occupational Choice: Psychological, Social, Economic, and Cultural
Occupational choice is affected by four factors: psychological, social, economic and cultural. An individual's job choice is molded by their family, morals, values, intelligence, abilities, finances and many other things.
2. How Occupational Choice Changes with Age
In this lesson, we will examine some of the changes that occur to occupational choices as we age. In our youth, we just want a job for cash, but as we age, we begin to want more.
3. Job Satisfaction in Older Workers: Associated Factors
What do older people want from their job? How does working for your entire life change when you start getting older? What do average workers expect? This lesson explores all of these factors.
4. Super's Stages of Occupational Development: Definition & Examples
Donald Super devised a developmental stage theory involving one's personal growth, acquisition of skills, and general development towards working. We will explore those stages in this lesson.
5. Age Diversity in the Workplace: Definition, Trends & Examples
Age diversity is the ability to accept all different types of ages within a business environment. Companies have to adjust to an aging population in various ways.
6. Stereotyping Age Differences in the Workplace: Bias & Discrimination
Everyone has been looked down on because of their age - whether you are young or old, you've likely felt this sting. In this lesson, we explore the three main rules for equal opportunity for older people, including how stereotyping and ageism can lead to issues in the workplace.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 108: Psychology of Adulthood and Aging course
- Introduction to Adult Development and Aging
- Personality & Aging
- Health of the Aging Population
- The Aging Brain and Nervous System
- Effects of Aging on Skin & Body Build
- Effects of Aging on the Sensory System
- Effects of Aging on the Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- Changes to Memory & Attention with Age
- Cognitive Development & Aging
- Overview of Intelligence, Wisdom & Creativity
- Mental Health and Lifespan Development Disorders
- Cognitive, Behavioral & Psychological Assessments
- Age-Related Anxiety Disorders
- Substance Abuse Among Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders Related to Aging
- Mood & Stress Disorders Affecting the Aging Population
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Relationships in Adulthood
- Retirement and Leisure in Adulthood
- Overview of Death, Dying & Bereavement
- Studying for Psychology 108