About This Chapter
CBASE Social Studies: Ancient History Chapter Summary
This chapter of this comprehensive study guide will focus on the ancient history facts starting in 8000 B.C.E., with details of significant time periods, civilizations, and leaders. Each lesson aims to further your understanding of important historical facts that you may be tested on during the social studies portion of this exam. Content covered in these lessons includes:
- Overview of the six periods of world history
- Society and culture of the Old and Neo-Sumerian Periods
- History of Mesopotamia with a focus on Hittites, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Hurrians
- Impact of the Iron Age on Mesopotamian cultures
- The Indus Valley Civilization
- The Mandate of Heaven and early Chinese civilization
- Review of early Mesoamerican cultures
- The mysteries of the Minoans
- A study of the Persian Empire
- Rise and decline of the Roman Republic
- Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
As you view the lesson videos, you may follow the transcription and make note of highlighted vocabulary terms to understand. If you have a question, ask any of the expert instructors, who are available to help.
CBASE Social Studies: Ancient History Chapter Objectives
The social studies portion of the CBASE consists of two main clusters, history and social sciences. The history segment will test your knowledge of noteworthy world and American events throughout history, while the social sciences portion will address politics, geographic information, and social science processes. The content of this chapter will better prepare you for the history cluster questions through strengthening your knowledge of significant stories of ancient history, one of the subjects tested in the history cluster. Of the 180 multiple-choice questions on the CBASE, 42 are on the social studies test.
1. Periods of World History: Overviews of Eras from 8000 B.C.E to the Present
In this lesson, we will look at the six periods of world history. We will learn the defining characteristics of each and highlight the major themes associated with each period.
2. Old Sumerian Period: Wars & Expansion
In this lesson, we explore the Old Sumerian Period, a period of Mesopotamian history where the growth of prosperous city-states led to intermittent periods of warfare.
3. Neo-Sumerian Period: Lifestyle, Peace & Prosperity
In this lesson, we explore the Neo-Sumerian Period, a relatively short period in Sumerian history but one of immense economic and cultural growth and prosperity.
4. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians
This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.
5. The Neo-Babylonian & Neo-Assyrian Empires
With the arrival of iron, the political landscape of Mesopotamia would change forever. Learn how a metal changed the course of history for the Neo-Assyrians and the Neo-Babylonians in this lesson.
6. Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro
In this lesson, we will explore the mysterious Indus Valley civilization, which was located in modern Pakistan and reached its high point between about 2500 BCE and 1900 BCE.
7. Early Chinese Civilization in the Huang-He River Valley
Although Chinese civilization developed along rivers much like cultures in Mesopotamia and Egypt, the idea of royal power took a completely different direction. Learn how the Mandate of Heaven ruled all in Ancient China.
8. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes
This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.
9. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
10. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
11. History of the Persian Empire
The Persian Empire has all the great aspects of an amazing story - an unlikely rise to power against an evil king, a ruler who is beloved by his people, and a military that was centuries ahead of its time.
12. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
13. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
14. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule
This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.
15. The Fall of Rome
This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the CBASE: Practice & Study Guide course
- CBASE English: Critical Reading
- CBASE English: Literary Periods & Movements
- CBASE English: Important Authors in Literature
- CBASE English: Writing Processes
- CBASE English: Writing Grammar & Mechanics
- CBASE English: Essay Writing
- CBASE Math: Basic Concepts & Vocabulary
- CBASE Math: Solving Word Problems
- CBASE Math: Statistics & Probability
- CBASE Math: Basic Algebra
- CBASE Math: Basic Geometry
- CBASE Science: Scientific Research Methods
- CBASE Science: Scientific Methods
- CBASE Science: Basics of Life Science
- CBASE Science: Basics of Physical Science
- CBASE Science: Basics of Earth Science
- CBASE Science: Basics of Astronomy
- CBASE Social Studies: World History
- CBASE Social Studies: Major Historical Movements
- CBASE Social Studies: Key Figures in History
- CBASE Social Studies: Early American History
- CBASE Social Studies: Modern American History
- CBASE Social Studies: American Government
- CBASE Social Studies: Geography & Culture
- CBASE Social Studies: Political & Economic Structures
- CBASE Social Studies: Social Science Research
- CBASE Flashcards