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Ch 18: CBASE Social Studies: Ancient History

About This Chapter

Refresh your knowledge of ancient history facts by studying the lessons in this chapter. The short videos and lesson-based quizzes will help test your understanding of information on which you may be tested in the CBASE Social Studies test.

CBASE Social Studies: Ancient History Chapter Summary

This chapter of this comprehensive study guide will focus on the ancient history facts starting in 8000 B.C.E., with details of significant time periods, civilizations, and leaders. Each lesson aims to further your understanding of important historical facts that you may be tested on during the social studies portion of this exam. Content covered in these lessons includes:

  • Overview of the six periods of world history
  • Society and culture of the Old and Neo-Sumerian Periods
  • History of Mesopotamia with a focus on Hittites, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Hurrians
  • Impact of the Iron Age on Mesopotamian cultures
  • The Indus Valley Civilization
  • The Mandate of Heaven and early Chinese civilization
  • Review of early Mesoamerican cultures
  • The mysteries of the Minoans
  • A study of the Persian Empire
  • Rise and decline of the Roman Republic
  • Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire

As you view the lesson videos, you may follow the transcription and make note of highlighted vocabulary terms to understand. If you have a question, ask any of the expert instructors, who are available to help.

CBASE Social Studies: Ancient History Chapter Objectives

The social studies portion of the CBASE consists of two main clusters, history and social sciences. The history segment will test your knowledge of noteworthy world and American events throughout history, while the social sciences portion will address politics, geographic information, and social science processes. The content of this chapter will better prepare you for the history cluster questions through strengthening your knowledge of significant stories of ancient history, one of the subjects tested in the history cluster. Of the 180 multiple-choice questions on the CBASE, 42 are on the social studies test.

15 Lessons in Chapter 18: CBASE Social Studies: Ancient History
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Periods of World History: Overviews of Eras from 8000 B.C.E to the Present

1. Periods of World History: Overviews of Eras from 8000 B.C.E to the Present

In this lesson, we will look at the six periods of world history. We will learn the defining characteristics of each and highlight the major themes associated with each period.

Old Sumerian Period: Wars & Expansion

2. Old Sumerian Period: Wars & Expansion

In this lesson, we explore the Old Sumerian Period, a period of Mesopotamian history where the growth of prosperous city-states led to intermittent periods of warfare.

Neo-Sumerian Period: Lifestyle, Peace & Prosperity

3. Neo-Sumerian Period: Lifestyle, Peace & Prosperity

In this lesson, we explore the Neo-Sumerian Period, a relatively short period in Sumerian history but one of immense economic and cultural growth and prosperity.

Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

4. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.

The Neo-Babylonian & Neo-Assyrian Empires

5. The Neo-Babylonian & Neo-Assyrian Empires

With the arrival of iron, the political landscape of Mesopotamia would change forever. Learn how a metal changed the course of history for the Neo-Assyrians and the Neo-Babylonians in this lesson.

Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro

6. Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro

In this lesson, we will explore the mysterious Indus Valley civilization, which was located in modern Pakistan and reached its high point between about 2500 BCE and 1900 BCE.

Early Chinese Civilization in the Huang-He River Valley

7. Early Chinese Civilization in the Huang-He River Valley

Although Chinese civilization developed along rivers much like cultures in Mesopotamia and Egypt, the idea of royal power took a completely different direction. Learn how the Mandate of Heaven ruled all in Ancient China.

Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes

8. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes

This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.

The Minoans

9. The Minoans

This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.

From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

10. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.

History of the Persian Empire

11. History of the Persian Empire

The Persian Empire has all the great aspects of an amazing story - an unlikely rise to power against an evil king, a ruler who is beloved by his people, and a military that was centuries ahead of its time.

Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

12. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

13. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule

14. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule

This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.

The Fall of Rome

15. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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