About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Cell Anatomy & Metabolism chapter into 9 school days. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Cell structure and function||The functions of common cellular components|
|Tuesday||Anabolism and catabolism||The definition of metabolism and how catabolism and anabolism differ|
|Wednesday||Oxidation and reduction reactions in the metabolism||The process and significance of oxidation and reduction and how they relate to metabolism|
|Thursday||The effects of feasting and fasting on cells||What happens to cells during feasting and fasting|
|Friday||Substrate-level phosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation||The differences between substrate-level phosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation|
|Monday||Glycogenesis, glycogenolysis, and gluconeogenesis||The definition and processes of glycogenesis, glycogenolysis, and gluconeogenesis|
|Tuesday||Protein synthesis in cells||The process and importance of protein synthesis in body cells|
|Wednesday||Lipogenesis||The process and function of lipogenesis and the conversion of carbohydrates into fatty acids|
|Thursday||Alcohol metabolism||The process and effects of alcohol metabolism|
1. Alcohol Metabolism: Process & Effects
Alcohol is broken down in the liver with the help of enzymes. Learn how alcohol is converted to the toxic byproduct acetaldehyde before being oxidized into acetate with help from the enzymes alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase in this lesson.
2. Anabolism and Catabolism: Definitions & Examples
Metabolism breaks down large molecules like food into usable energy. This energy drives bodily processes critical to survival. In this video lesson, you will learn about the two forms of metabolism that break down and build up molecules and see examples of each.
3. Effects of Feasting & Fasting on Cells
Your cells use the nutrients from the foods you eat to fuel vital functions. If you eat too much (feast), excessive nutrients get pushed into storage. If you eat too little or not at all (fast), stored nutrients can be pulled out of storage and used to meet your body's needs.
4. Glycogenesis, Glycogenolysis, and Gluconeogenesis
Your body uses processes to keep blood glucose levels within the normal range. Learn how your body decreases blood glucose levels through glycogenesis and how it boosts glucose levels through glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis in this lesson.
5. Lipogenesis: Process & Function
Lipogenesis is the process your body uses to convert carbohydrates into fatty acids, which are the building blocks of fats. Fat is an efficient way for your body to store energy. Learn about the importance of acetyl-CoA and insulin in lipogenesis.
6. Oxidation & Reduction Reactions in the Metabolism: Process & Significance
Oxidation and reduction reactions, collectively known as redox reactions, take place in body cells and are important for the production of energy, namely ATP. Oxidation involves the loss of electrons and reduction involves the gain of electrons.
7. Protein Synthesis in Cells: Process & Importance
The DNA of the cell contains the blueprints for all the proteins in the body. These blueprints become proteins with the help of RNA and ribosomes. Follow along with this lesson to learn about the two major phases of protein synthesis: transcription and translation.
8. Substrate-level Phosphorylation and Oxidative Phosphorylation
Your body is always using energy. This energy, in the form of ATP, is generated within your cells through substrate-level phosphorylation or oxidative phosphorylation. Learn about these processes and the role mitochondria play in making energy.
9. The Cell: Structure & Function
The cell is a small, but complex structure. Take a look inside the outer plasma membrane of a cell and discover the functions of some common cellular components, including the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and mitochondria, in this lesson.
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