About This Chapter
Cell Structure & Differentiation - Chapter Summary
This chapter covers the topics of cell function and structure found in plant and animal cells. Discover more about organelles in cells and what purpose they serve. You'll also learn about the related functions of cell specialization and differentiation.
As you continue on in the chapter, microscopes and how scientists use them in lab situations will be discussed in detail. The concepts of magnification and generation time will also be introduced, as well as how to grow bacteria in a lab. After you've reviewed this chapter, you should understand the:
- Difference between a prokaryote and a eukaryote
- Three primary types of plant cells
- Ways microscopy is used and why
- Tools used to magnify small objects
- Best ways to culture bacteria in a lab setting
- Relationship between population numbers and generation time when culturing bacteria
Use our professionally-designed video lessons and quizzes to learn more about a new topic or refresh your knowledge of something you've learned before. Once you've reviewed a video, take the accompanying quiz to test yourself on how well you've understood the material. If you need to re-watch just a part of a video, the video tab featured in the Timeline allows you to skip directly to the section you want to review.
1. Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes: Definition & Examples
Every living organism can be categorized as either a prokaryote or a eukaryote. There are many different examples of both types of organisms. Learn about prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and test your knowledge by answering the quiz questions.
2. Organelles in Cells: Definition & Functions
This lesson will focus on the major organelles that are found inside eukaryotic cells. It will discuss their structures and functions. The differences in organelles found in plant and animal cells will also be covered.
3. Eukaryotic Plant Cells: Definition, Examples & Characteristics
Discover the defining characteristics of eukaryotic plant cells and learn about the three primary categories of plant cells: sclerenchyma, collenchyma and parenchyma cells.
4. Specialized Cells: Types & Functions
Our bodies are made up of cells, but they are not all the same. Cells are specialized according to their functions. In this lesson, we'll learn about cell specialization and see examples of specialized cells.
5. What Is Cell Differentiation? - Process, Importance & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn how your cells become specialized. This specialization of cells allows them to perform different functions and create different parts of your body.
6. Microscopy Types & Applications
What is microscopy and how do we use it? Learn about the different types of microscopes and the ways we use them for practical purposes. You can then take a quiz and test what you've learned.
7. Magnification: Definition, Formula, Calculation & Examples
In this lesson, we'll explore what magnification means as well as some of the many tools that enable you to magnify small objects. We'll also consider how to calculate the total magnification of an object and how its magnified size relates to its actual size.
8. Growing Bacteria in a Lab: Experiments & Conditions
Despite the fact that bacteria are growing all around you, they can be surprisingly difficult to grow in a lab. This lesson will explore some of the basics involved in culturing bacteria for experimentation.
9. What Is Bacterial Growth & Generation Time? - Curves, Phases & Stages
Bacteria are able to reproduce at an incredibly rapid pace. In this lesson, we will examine the different phases of bacterial growth and how to calculate population numbers based on generation times and culture size.
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Other chapters within the GCSE Biology: Practice & Study Guide course
- The Process of Scientific Thinking
- Steps of the Scientific Method
- Analyzing & Evaluating Scientific Data
- Mathematics in Science
- Scientific Vocabulary & Measurement
- Understanding Cell Division
- Understanding Cell Transportation
- Basic Components of Living Things
- Structure & Function of the Digestive System
- The Human Circulatory System
- Non-Communicable Diseases Overview
- Communicable Disease Overview
- Disease Defense, Prevention & Treatment
- Plant Tissues & Organs
- Plant Disease & Defenses
- Homeostasis & the Human Body
- Human Nervous System Overview
- Hormones in the Endocrine & Urinary Systems
- Hormones & Reproduction
- Plant Hormones
- Sexual & Asexual Reproduction
- DNA Structure & Genomes
- Genetic Inheritance
- Genetics Disorders
- Genetic Variation & Evolution
- Genetic Engineering & Cloning
- Theories of Biology
- Evidence Supporting Evolution
- Classification of Living Organisms
- Ecology & Biodiversity
- Trophic Levels & Biomass Energy
- Nutrient Cycles in an Ecosystem
- Human Impacts on Biodiversity & Ecosystems
- Food Production & Sustainability
- GCSE Biology Flashcards