About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our Macroeconomics Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about well-known definitions and tools that pertain to the central bank and the money supply. There is no faster or easier way to learn about economics. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about open market operations, the reserve ratio, the discount rate, the equation of exchange and the Federal Reserve.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need an economics curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a central bank and the money supply unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Central Bank and the Money Supply Unit Objectives:
- Describe the Federal Reserve system and its powers.
- Explain reserve requirement and open market operations.
- Learn about the Federal Open Market Committee.
- Discuss the reserve ratio.
- Explain the discount rate as a major tool of monetary policy.
- Learn about the ways in which the Federal Reserve controls interest rates and stabilizes prices.
- Explore money theories and the equation of exchange.
- Learn about the velocity of money and monetary policy.
- Compare nominal and real interest rates.
- Define private investments and the purpose of loanable funds.
- Examine the effects of hyperinflation.
1. What is the Federal Reserve System?
Have you ever wondered why interest rates go up and down, seemingly at random? Of course you have! Discover what the Federal Reserve is, what its goals are and how those goals are achieved in this introductory lesson explaining the central bank of the United States.
2. Reserve Requirement, Open Market Operations and the Discount Rate
This lesson outlines the three main tools used by the central bank to conduct monetary policy, including open market operations, required reserves and the discount rate.
3. Open Market Operations & the Federal Reserve: Definition & Examples
This lesson explains the most frequently used monetary policy tool of the central bank, open market operations. Using examples, you'll go inside the formula of the money multiplier and see how the Federal Reserve effectively controls the interest rate of the economy.
4. How the Reserve Ratio Affects the Money Supply
Where does our supply of money come from. Well, it's in the hands of the Federal Reserve. In this lesson, discover how the central bank can dramatically alter the supply of money in the economy by changing the reserve requirements of the banks it oversees.
5. The Discount Rate & Monetary Policy: How Banks Can Borrow Money from the Federal Reserve
Learn more about the discount rate, which is the rate that banks pay to the central bank when borrowing money. This lesson explains how changes in the discount rate affect the money supply and how the central bank can use the discount rate as part of monetary policy.
6. How the Federal Reserve Changes the Money Supply and Affects Interest Rates
Discover the connection between the money supply and economic output and how the central bank's tools lead to an increase or decrease in real GDP via expansionary and contractionary monetary policy.
7. Quantity Theory of Money: Output and Prices
This lesson explains the quantity theory of money and how to apply it, including the idea that an increase in the money supply leads to inflation in the long run.
8. The Velocity of Money: Definition and Circulation Speed
Learn about the method economists use to measure how fast money changes hands throughout the economy, referred to as the velocity of money. With the help of an imaginative story, this lesson defines the concept of velocity as well as what determines it.
9. Real vs. Nominal Interest Rates and Changes in Prices
This lesson explains the important difference between nominal and real interest rates and provides examples of how to use the Fisher equation to adjust nominal rates for inflation.
10. Private Investment and Real Interest Rates
When you borrow money, where does that money come from and why is it available? In this lesson, you'll learn about the market for loanable funds, where savers deposit money and entrepreneurs borrow money to finance private investment.
11. Hyperinflation, Money Supply and the Consumer Price Index
Is there such a thing as too much money? Maybe. What happens when inflation is excessive? This lesson explores what hyperinflation is and how it is connected with the money supply.
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Other chapters within the AP Macroeconomics: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Scarcity, Choice & Production Possibilities Curve: Homeschool Curriculum
- Comparative Advantage, Specialization & Exchange: Homeschool Curriculum
- Demand, Supply & Market Equilibrium: Homeschool Curriculum
- Measuring the Economy: Homeschool Curriculum
- Inflation Measurement & Adjustment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding Unemployment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Inflation and Unemployment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Aggregate Demand and Supply: Homeschool Curriculum
- Macroeconomic Equilibrium: Homeschool Curriculum
- Economic Growth and Productivity: Homeschool Curriculum
- Money, Banking and Financial Markets: Homeschool Curriculum
- Fiscal and Monetary Policies: Homeschool Curriculum
- Foreign Exchange & Balance of Payments: Homeschool Curriculum
- Inflows, Outflows and Restrictions: Homeschool Curriculum