About This Chapter
Standard: Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details and ideas. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.2)
About This Chapter
In order to deal effectively with primary and secondary source materials, high school students will need to practice pinpointing main ideas within informational readings and summarizing those bodies of text. This collection of lessons can help students learn to accomplish the following:
- Determine central ideas and themes
- Explain the process of summarizing
- Tell how transitions demonstrate relationships, sequences and shifts
- Identify appropriate sentence and paragraph structures
- Describe methods for incorporating coherence and cohesion in texts
You'll know that your students have a thorough knowledge of this standard when they're able to transfer these principles into their own writing. Mastery of the skills exemplified in the standard and lessons could aid students in their pursuit of college degrees or careers where strong reading and writing proficiencies are required.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Following are a few suggestions that you might want to try along with your regular curriculum to help meet the standards for the Common Core.
High Interest Summaries
Share the lesson about summaries. Take a poll of students as to their top interests, such as sports, fashion, music, media, etc. Divide students into small work groups according to their stated interests. Make available articles of unique content pertinent to those interests for students to read aloud, discuss and summarize.
A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words
After sharing the video lesson about transitions, show students a high interest fictional piece with examples of transitions that exemplify relationships, shifts and sequences. Discuss. As homework, ask students to solidify these concepts by making visual representations of those transitions through drawings, brief video productions or some type of graphics.
Review the lesson on transitions and share the projects students completed in the previous lesson. Building on that review and sharing, switch to a less tangible piece of text that is nonfiction and related to history or social studies, yet still has clear transitions. Allow students to demonstrate their understanding of these transitions by choosing to complete either a written or graphic response.
1. How to Find the Theme or Central Idea
In this lesson, you'll learn how to identify the theme or central idea of a text, and you'll get some specific examples of themes from famous stories.
2. What is a Summary? - Definition & Concept
In this lesson you'll learn what summaries are and how they differ from other forms of condensed writing. You'll also be shown an example of a summary, and what should and should not be included in a summary paragraph.
3. How Transitions Show Shifts, Sequence & Relationships in Your Writing
When you write just about any kind of paper, whether it's story writing or essay writing, use transitions to help your reader make connections and move easily through your paper. Here are some specific ways to use transitions.
4. Structuring Paragraphs and Sentences: Tips and Tricks
Once you've developed an outline, it's time to begin drafting your essay. This lesson will walk you through the steps of putting together a body paragraph and show you how to ensure that your paragraphs are unified, coherent and well-developed.
5. Ensuring Coherence & Cohesion in a Text
Cohesion in writing is key to ensuring that your work flows properly and can be easily understood by others. There are several steps to make sure your work is cohesive and coherent, which are covered in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the Common Core History & Social Studies Grades 11-12: Literacy Standards course
- Using Evidence to Support Analysis: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.1
- Evaluating Explanations in Writing: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.3
- Determining the Meaning of Words: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.4
- Analyzing Text Structure: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.5
- Evaluating View Points: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.6
- Using Multiple Sources of Information: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.7
- Evaluating Sources: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.8
- Integrating Information from Different Sources: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.9
- Reading Comprehension: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.10
- Informational Texts Examples for CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH11-12.10