About This Chapter
CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Cognition & Memory - Chapter Summary
The content in each lesson is geared towards helping you review the concepts of cognition and memory for the CEO Early Childhood Education exam. The following topics will be addressed in our lessons:
- Cognitive perspective of learning
- Organizing memory
- Two-store model of memory
- How short-term memory works
- Retrieving memories effectively
- Remembering long-term memories
As you look through the memory-related information in these lessons, you will start to see what type of questions are going to be on the actual exam. Our lesson quizzes and the chapter exam offer opportunities to assess your learning, and you can use the video links in the lesson timelines to jump back to key points in the video for review.
CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Cognition & Memory Chapter Objectives
The CEOE Early Childhood Ed exam is required for certification to teach at this level in Oklahoma. The exam is divided into three subareas, and questions on the material discussed in this chapter is part of subarea 2, Learning Across the Curriculum, which makes up 38% of the entire exam.
You will be asked to answer multiple-choice questions, which will require you to recollect the memory information you acquired from this chapter. Use our lesson quizzes to make sure you are retaining enough information to do well on the actual test.
1. Cognitive Perspective of Learning & Information Processing
When you see or hear something in your environment, how does your brain recognize what you are seeing or hearing? This lesson introduces the cognitive perspective in psychology, including the difference between sensation and perception. We'll also discuss the famous Gestalt principles of perception that you do automatically every day but didn't necessarily know there were names for what your brain was doing.
2. The Two-Store Model of Memory: Types of Memory and Storage
Do you remember your first day of school? This lesson discusses the foundational concepts behind all memories, including basic types of memory and the process all memories must go through for success: encoding, storage and retrieval.
3. Categories of Memory: Sensory & Long-Term
Did you know that there are several types of memories? How does your brain keep track of them all? In this lesson, as you observe your surroundings at an art museum, you'll come to understand how your brain categorizes memory so you can remember your experiences.
4. Short-Term Memory: How STM Works
All memories must first pass through short-term memory (STM) before becoming permanent. But how does STM really work? This lesson covers several aspects of STM, including why it seems to be an auditory-based system, how much information can be stored and the serial position curve.
5. Improving Retrieval of Memories: Mnemonic Devices
When you have to study for a test and you need to remember a large amount of information, what strategies do you use to help your memory? These strategies are called mnemonic devices. This lesson covers several well-known mnemonic devices, such as chunking, the method of loci and the keyword technique.
6. Retrieving Long-Term Memories: Interference, Amnesia & State-Dependent Memory
Have you ever been sure that you know something but simply can't pull it out of your memory? This frustrating experience is a lack of retrieval, and this lesson discusses several aspects of successful retrieval, including retroactive and proactive interference, state-dependent memory and different forms of amnesia.
7. Knowledge Organization: Schemata and Scripts
How does your mind organize the world? When you see a new animal, can you easily tell if it's a bird, mammal or fish? Categories and mental structures, such as types of animals, are called schemata. This lesson discusses different types of schemata and why they are important.
8. Types of Information Transfer
When you acquire one skill, does that ability help or hurt your ability to learn other skills? For example, learning to play the guitar might help you learn to play the banjo, but it probably doesn't affect your ability to learn the geography of Africa. This lesson focuses on transfer of information, including positive, negative and zero transfer, as well as the difference between high-road and low-road transfer of information.
9. Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking
Creativity is useful in almost any situation, but how is creativity defined? This lesson covers the definition of creativity and discusses how creativity requires several different types of thinking, including divergent thinking and synthetic, analytic, and practical intelligence. This lesson also defines and describes brainstorming.
10. How to Advance Creativity in a Learning Environment
Students in a classroom can attempt to solve problems in a wide variety of creative ways. This lesson defines creativity and then covers barriers to thinking creatively, including response sets and functional fixedness. Finally, the lesson discusses different types of creative problem solving, including brainstorming and working backward.
11. Types of Problems & Problem Solving Strategies
We solve hundreds of small problems everyday. This lesson covers different types of problems, such as routine vs. non-routine, and many of the different problem-solving strategies we use, including algorithms, heuristics, graphic representations and the IDEAL Strategy.
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Other chapters within the OSAT Early Childhood Education (CEOE) (105): Practice & Study Guide course
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Language Development
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Teaching Language & Literacy
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Teaching Reading Comprehension
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Writing Instruction
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Cognitive Development
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Diversity in the Classroom
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Motivating Students
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Instructional Pedagogy
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Assessment Strategies
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Basic Math & Problem Solving
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Social Studies
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Foundations of Science
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Arts Education
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Health & Physical Education
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Social & Moral Development
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Socialization Strategies
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Resources & Technology
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: History of Education in the U.S.
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Major Philosophies of Education
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Social & Family Systems
- CEOE Early Childhood Ed: Professional Organizations
- OSAT Early Childhood Education (CEOE) (105) Flashcards