About This Chapter
CEOE Physics: Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics - Chapter Summary
Utilize the video lessons in this chapter to strengthen your understanding of temperature, phase change and specific heat capacity. You can also expand your knowledge of the Celsius and Kelvin scales and the law of entropy. Use what you review to help you answer related questions on the CEOE Physics examination. This chapter assists you in:
- Understanding how temperature is measured using the Celsius and Kelvin scales
- Making the distinction between heat and energy
- Reviewing phase changes from gas to plasma
- Calculating specific heat capacity
- Explaining radiation and heat transfer
- Applying the second law of thermodynamics
- Understanding the kinetic theory of matter
- Discussing and utilizing the ideal gas law
Take advantage of this chapter's video lessons to prepare for the CEOE Physics examination. The lessons are taught by trained educators who are available to answer your submitted questions on kinetic theory and thermodynamics. The lessons have corresponding written transcripts that you can study if you prefer. Test your knowledge with the self-assessment quizzes and the chapter examination.
CEOE Physics: Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics - Chapter Objectives
The CEOE Physics examination is computer-based and lasts four hours. It assesses your level of competency in physics as part of the certification process to teach this subject in Oklahoma public schools. The examination includes material that was covered in this chapter, along with topics such as motion, forces, and energy, scientific and engineering processes, and waves, acoustics and optics. This chapter prepares you for questions that ask you to apply your knowledge of heat and thermal expansion principles and analyze the constitution of solids, liquids and gases. You'll be presented with 80 selected-response questions and one constructed-response assignment.
1. Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvins and Celsius
Have you ever wondered what the lowest possible temperature is? In this lesson, you will learn what temperature measures. You will also be introduced to the Kelvin scale (an absolute scale) and learn how it relates to the Celsius scale.
2. Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams
Did you know that temperature and heat are not the same thing? Did you know that the temperature of water doesn't change when it boils? This lesson describes the relationship between heat and temperature. Diagrams are used to illustrate the relationship between heat and temperature during phase changes.
3. Phase Changes and Heating Curves
Learn the phases - gas, liquid, solid and plasma. Learn what a phase diagram is and what terms describe the movement between phases: melting, sublimating, freezing, vaporization, condensation, and deposition. Discover why heating curves have plateaus, what a phase transition is, and what happens during this transition.
4. How to Calculate Specific Heat Capacity for Different Substances
This lesson describes specific heat capacity and explains how the specific heat capacity of water helps to maintain a relatively constant temperature in nature. Learn how to identify the specific heat capacity of other common materials and how to calculate specific heat capacity with an experiment.
5. Radiation, Heat Transfer & the Stefan-Boltzmann Law
After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain how radiative heat transfer works, give some real-life examples of radiation, and use the Stefan-Boltzmann Law to complete radiation calculations. A short quiz will follow.
6. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and Systems
In this lesson, we'll learn about the second law of thermodynamics. By studying this law, you'll understand how energy works and why we're all moving towards eventual chaos and disorder.
7. The Kinetic Theory of Matter: Definition & The Four States of Matter
Everything on Earth is made of matter, but that matter isn't always the same. Matter can exist in four different phases, and the kinetic theory of matter helps us understand the differences between those phases.
8. The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant
Have you ever wondered why the pressure in your car's tires is higher after you have been driving a while? In this lesson, we are going to discuss the law that governs ideal gases and is used to predict the behavior of real gases: the ideal gas law.
9. Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas
In another lesson, you learned that the ideal gas law is expressed as PV = nRT. In this video lesson, we'll go one step further, examining how to rearrange the equation to solve for a missing variable when the others are known.
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Other chapters within the OSAT Physics (CEOE) (014): Practice & Study Guide course
- CEOE Physics: Introduction to Scientific Research
- CEOE Physics: Cross-Cutting Concepts in Science
- CEOE Physics: Force & the Laws of Motion
- CEOE Physics: Rotational Motion, Collisions & Conservation
- CEOE Physics: Laws of Gravitation
- CEOE Physics: Oscillations
- CEOE Physics: Fluid Mechanics
- CEOE Physics: Work, Energy & Power
- CEOE Physics: Linear & Angular Momentum
- CEOE Physics: Electrostatics
- CEOE Physics: Electromagnetism
- CEOE Physics: Circuit Overview
- CEOE Physics: Waves & Wave Motion
- CEOE Physics: Sound & Sound Waves
- CEOE Physics: Electromagnetic Waves
- CEOE Physics: Light, Mirrors & Lenses
- CEOE Physics: Atomic Structure & Nuclear Physics
- CEOE Physics: Quantum Physics
- OSAT Physics (CEOE) (014) Flashcards