# Ch 1: Chapter 1: Variables, Function Patterns, and Graphs

### About This Chapter

## How It Works:

- Identify the lessons in the Prentice Hall Algebra I Variables, Function Patterns and Graphs chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the algebra topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

## Students will learn:

- The definition of a variable
- How to create algebraic expressions
- How to assess simple expressions
- How to utilize exponential notation
- Ways to solve and simplify exponential expressions
- The types of numbers
- How to order and compare decimals and fractions
- The meaning of an absolute value
- Ways to identify and write functions
- Ways to interpret and identify dependent and independent variables
- The definition of range and domain within a function
- How to interpret and create stem and leaf displays and scatterplots
- How to compute range, mean, median and mode

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### 1. What is a Variable in Algebra?

Did you ever encounter something like a + b = c and wonder how all these letters snuck into a math problem? In this lesson, we'll learn about variables, as well as other parts of equations, constants and coefficients.

### 2. Translating Words to Algebraic Expressions

When it comes to word problems, the easiest way to solve them is to look for keywords and change them into math symbols. Watch this video lesson to find out what keywords you should look for and what math symbols they represent.

### 3. Expressing Relationships as Algebraic Expressions

What do you do when you don't know what a number is but you do know how it relates to something else? You use an algebraic expression. In this lesson, we'll learn how to express relationships as algebraic expressions.

### 4. Evaluating Simple Algebraic Expressions

In this lesson, we'll learn how to evaluate algebraic expressions, which involves substituting numbers for variables and following the order of operations. By the end of the lesson, you'll be an algebraic expression expert.

### 5. How to Use Exponential Notation

Exponential notation is a mathematical method for writing longer multiplication problems in a simplified manner. This lesson will define how to work with exponential notation and give some examples of how it is used.

### 6. Exponential Expressions & The Order of Operations

When performing mathematical operations, there is a specific order in which the operations should be performed. This includes when to simplify the exponents. This lesson will describe in what order exponents should be solved as you are performing mathematical operations.

### 7. Simplifying and Solving Exponential Expressions

What do we do with an exponent? In this lesson, we'll learn how to simplify and solve expressions containing exponents. We'll solve a variety of types of exponential expressions.

### 8. What are the Different Types of Numbers?

Learn all of the different types of numbers: natural numbers, whole numbers, integers, rational numbers, irrational numbers, and real numbers. This video lesson teaches you how to classify any numbers you come across.

### 9. Comparing and Ordering Fractions

Comparing and ordering fractions is way to examine fractions that contain different-sized sets. In order to compare these fractions, you must find a common denominator and make equivalent fractions.

### 10. Comparing and Ordering Decimals

In this video lesson, you'll find out how you can look at any two decimals and immediately tell which is greater than the other. You'll also learn how to quickly sort decimals from least to greatest or vice versa.

### 11. What is an Absolute Value?

When we're talking and comparing numbers, we often don't care whether its positive or negative, just how big it is. This is often called the magnitude of a number and we find it by taking the absolute value. Learn all about it here!

### 12. Functions: Identification, Notation & Practice Problems

A function is simply a rule that takes one number and turns it into another. But some special conditions must apply for it to be a true mathematical function. Learn about those conditions and how we write functions here!

### 13. How to Compose Functions

Function composition is the process of putting two or more functions together. This video lesson will explain how this process works and also show you how to evaluate functions that have been composed.

### 14. Identifying & Interpreting Independent & Dependent Variables

Scientists answer questions by performing experiments that have an independent variable, a dependent variable and at least one control variable. By controlling, adjusting and measuring these variables, scientists find answers to their questions.

### 15. What Is Domain and Range in a Function?

The domain and range are the possible outputs and inputs of a function. In this lesson, learn about what might restrict the domain and how to figure out the domain and range from a graph.

### 16. Creating & Interpreting Scatterplots: Process & Examples

Scatterplots are a great visual representation of two sets of data. In this lesson, you will learn how to interpret bivariate data to create scatterplots and understand the relationship between the two variables.

### 17. How to Calculate Mean, Median, Mode & Range

Measures of central tendency can provide valuable information about a set of data. In this lesson, explore how to calculate the mean, median, mode and range of any given data set.

### 18. Creating & Reading Stem & Leaf Displays

Every once in a while you will come across stem-and-leaf displays in statistics. These displays can be very useful in identifying all of the values in a data set while still visually representing the data.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Prentice Hall Algebra 1: Online Textbook Help course

- Chapter 2: Rational Numbers
- Chapter 3: Solving Equations
- Chapter 4: Solving Inequalities
- Chapter 5: Graphs and Functions
- Chapter 6: Linear Equations and Their Graphs
- Chapter 7: Systems of Equations and Inequalities
- Chapter 8: Exponents and Exponential Functions
- Chapter 9: Polynomials and Factoring
- Chapter 10: Quadratic Equations and Functions
- Chapter 11: Radical Expressions and Equations
- Chapter 12: Rational Expressions and Functions