About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify the lessons in Prentice Hall America's The Civil War chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the Civil War topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Goals of the Confederacy
- Causes and consequences of major Civil War battles
- Northern and Southern wartime advantages
- Significance of the Emancipation Proclamation
- Economic and social effects of the Civil War
- Importance of the Mississippi River during the war
- Key Civil War events in the West
- Civil War turning points
- General Sherman's March to the Sea
- General Grant's March toward Richmond
- Terms of General Lee's surrender at Appomattox
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1. The Creation of the Confederacy: Leadership & Goals
In this lesson, we will take a look at the 1861 creation of the Confederate States of America. We will examine the new country's government, meet its leaders, and learn about its goals.
2. The Battle of Fort Sumter & the Start of the Civil War
South Carolina's attack on a U.S. military outpost triggered the American Civil War. Learn more about the Battle of Fort Sumter and the consequences of the fort's surrender to the Confederacy.
3. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
4. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed
Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.
5. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
6. Civilian Reaction in the Confederacy to the War: The Impact on Daily Life & the Economy
In this lesson, we will study the Confederate home front. We will examine how the Civil War affected the South's government, economy, and social fabric, and we will see how the Southerners faced destruction and displacement throughout the war.
7. How the Civil War Affected the Economy and Everyday Life in the North and South
With the strongest and most productive demographic of society away fighting in the Civil War, the task of running homes, communities, and the nation fell to those who stayed behind. The war on the home front changed their lives forever.
8. The Battle of Ball's Bluff: Summary & Political Ramifications
In this lesson, we will study the Battle of Ball's Bluff, which took place on October 21, 1861. We will examine the actions leading up to the battle, the battle itself, and the political ramifications that occurred as a result of the battle.
9. The Battle of Hampton Roads: Summary, Causes & Consequences
The Battle of Hampton Roads was a naval battle that occurred off the coast of Virginia on March 8 and 9, 1862. It featured the ironclad warships the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, and helped to usher in a new era of naval warfare.
10. The Battle of Shiloh: Conflict, Outcome & Generals Involved
The Battle of Shiloh was fought on April 6 and 7, 1862. Confederate forces launched a surprise attack against Union troops, but Union forces ultimately hung on and won. There were well over 23,000 casualties in the two days of fighting.
11. The Fight for the Mississippi River in 1862: Summary & History
The Mississippi River was key to defeating the Confederacy in the Civil War. Union forces made great strides at controlling the river in 1862, achieving success at places such as Island Number Ten, Memphis, and New Orleans. Learn about the fight for the Mississippi River in this lesson.
12. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh
In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.
13. The Second Battle of Bull Run: Summary & Facts
Second Battle of Bull Run was fought on August 28 and 29, 1862. It was a major Confederate victory that gave Robert E. Lee the momentum necessary to push north into Northern terrritory. There were over 22,000 combined casualties during the battle.
14. The Civil War West of the Mississippi River: Summary & Major Events
West of the Mississippi River, the Civil War was a struggle for territory and border states that lacked much of the bloodshed in the east, yet was still important to the war's outcome. This lesson will cover some of the key events of this theater of the war.
15. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.
16. Sherman's March to the Sea
In 1864, General William T. Sherman began his Atlanta campaign. His success assured Lincoln's re-election in 1864. Sherman then began his destructive March to the Sea in order to capture Savannah.
17. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond
President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.
18. General Robert E. Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse: Terms & Conditions
In this lesson, we will explore the events leading up to Confederate General Robert E. Lee's surrender to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9th, 1865.
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Other chapters within the Prentice Hall America: History of our Nation: Online Textbook Help course
- Chapter 1: Roots of the American People (Prehistory-1500)
- Chapter 2: Europe Looks Outward (1000-1720)
- Chapter 3: Colonies Take Root (1587-1752)
- Chapter 4: Life in the Colonies (1650-1750)
- Chapter 5: The Road to Revolution (1745-1776)
- Chapter 6: The American Revolution (1776-1783)
- Chapter 7: Creating the Constitution (1776-1790)
- Chapter 8: Launching a New Nation (1789-1800)
- Chapter 9: The Era of Thomas Jefferson (1800-1815)
- Chapter 10: A Changing Nation (1815-1840)
- Chapter 11: North and South Take Different Paths (1800-1845)
- Chapter 12: An Age of Reform (1820-1860)
- Chapter 13: Westward Expansion (1820-1860)
- Chapter 14: The Nation Divided (1846-1861)
- Chapter 16: Reconstruction and the New South (1863-1896)
- Chapter 17: The West Transformed (1860-1896)
- Chapter 18: Industry and Urban Growth (1865-1915)
- Chapter 19: Political Reform and the Progressive Era (1870-1920)
- Chapter 20: The United States Looks Overseas (1853-1915)
- Chapter 21: World War I (1914-1919)
- Chapter 22: The Roaring Twenties (1919-1929)
- Chapter 23: The Great Depression and the New Deal (1929-1941)
- Chapter 24: The World War II Era (1935-1945)
- Chapter 25: The United States in the Cold War (1945-1963)
- Chapter 26: The Civil Rights Era (1945-1975)
- Chapter 27: The Vietnam Era (1954-1976)
- Chapter 28: New Directions for a Nation (1977-2000)
- Chapter 29: Challenges for a New Century (1980-Present)