About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Find the lesson within this chapter that corresponds to what you're studying in the New Industries & People chapter of your textbook.
- Watch fun videos that cover the social studies concepts you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quiz after watching each video lesson to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material, or submit a question for one of our instructors.
You'll learn all of the social studies topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:
- Construction of the Transcontinental Railroad
- New developments in American industry
- The Robber Barons: Carnegie, Rockefeller, Vanderbilt and more
- Sequence and innovations of the Second Industrial Revolution
- Immigration in the late 19th century
- Causes and explanation of the Great Migration
- Impact and issues of urbanization in the Second Industrial Revolution
- Labor disputes and organization in the Second Industrial Revolution
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1. Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact
After decades of wrangling, plans were finalized for construction of a transcontinental railroad during the Civil War. After completion in 1869, the railroad changed many aspects of American life, for better or worse.
2. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
3. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.
4. The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions
The Second Industrial Revolution was another great leap forward in technology and society. New innovations in steel production, petroleum and electricity led to the introduction of public automobiles and airplanes. In this lesson, learn about the key inventions that spurred this revolution.
5. Immigration Patterns in the Late 1800s
This lesson describes the immigration patterns of the late 1800s. Focusing on the new immigrants and birds of passage, it will highlight the hardships and discrimination these groups faced.
6. Immigration Control Initiatives from 1882 to 1924
This lesson explains U.S. immigration controls from 1882 to 1924. It highlights the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1892, Ellis Island, and the Immigration Acts of 1917 and 1924.
7. The Great Migration: Definition & Causes
The economic conditions of World War I led to a massive movement of African Americans from the South to the North, known as the Great Migration. Examine the causes and effects of this phenomenon.
8. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
9. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.
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Other chapters within the Harcourt Social Studies - US Civil War to the Present: Online Textbook Help course
- Chapter 1: People & Geography - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 2: A Nation Divides - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 3: The Civil War & Reconstruction - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 4: New Frontiers - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 6: Growth & Change - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 7: World War I - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 8: The Roaring Twenties - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 9: The Great Depression & the New Deal - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 10: World War II Begins - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 11: The Allies Win the War - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 12: The Years After the War - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 13: Decades of Change - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 14: Into Modern Times - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 15: People & Economy - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present
- Chapter 16: People & Government - Harcourt Social Studies US Civil War - Present