About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Prentice Hall Chemical Reactions chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the chemical reactions topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Types of chemical reactions
- Difference between endothermic and exothermic reactions
- Equation for the law of conservation of mass
- Examples of redox reactions
- Redox reactions in the metabolism
- Factors impacting the rate of chemical reactions
- How to balance chemical equations
- How to write chemical reactions
- Chemical equilibrium
- LeChatelier's Principle
- How to calculate the equilibrium constant and reaction quotient
- How to complete a RICE table
- Solubility equilibrium
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1. Common Chemical Reactions and Energy Change
This lesson covers the five common types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, single-replacement, double-replacement, and combustion. You will learn how to predict what kind of chemical reaction will occur. You'll also explore how matter is conserved, but energy can change.
2. Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
Explore a chemical reaction at the molecular level. Learn about exothermic and endothermic reactions, what they look like and what happens when they occur. Understand enthalpy and how you can use it to predict whether a reaction will be exothermic or endothermic.
3. The Law of Conservation of Mass: Definition, Equation & Examples
Read about the law of conservation of mass, its role in chemistry, and its importance in the universe. Learn the equation, review examples, and test your knowledge of the material with a short quiz.
4. Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples
This short video will explain oxidation-reduction reactions, or redox reactions for short. The focus is on how electrons are transferred during redox reactions. Learn some neat mnemonic devices to help you remember when an atom is oxidizing or reducing.
5. Oxidation & Reduction Reactions in the Metabolism: Process & Significance
Oxidation and reduction reactions, collectively known as redox reactions, take place in body cells and are important for the production of energy, namely ATP. Oxidation involves the loss of electrons and reduction involves the gain of electrons.
6. Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Modifying Factors
Why are some reactions much faster than others? Is it possible to change how fast a reaction occurs? In this lesson, you will learn what the rate of a chemical reaction is. You will also discover how factors such as temperature, concentration, surface area, and catalysts impact reaction rates.
7. Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations
In this lesson, you'll learn how to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. You'll also learn how to write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean.
8. Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions
Learn how about the various components of a chemical reaction, and how those components function. Use this lesson to understand the basic properties of different kinds of chemical reactions.
9. Equilibrium: Chemical and Dynamic
Learn the definition of chemical equilibrium and how it is dynamic. Discover what the equilibrium constant is and how it shows whether the reaction favors the reactants or products. Learn how chemists designate equilibrium in an equation and how they show the difference in reaction rate.
10. LeChatelier's Principle: Disruption and Re-Establishment of Equilibrium
Learn how Le Chatelier's Principle describes the disruption and re-establishment of equilibrium. Learn to explain the factors that disrupt equilibrium, such as concentration, temperature, and pressure. Learn how each of these factors affects a system in equilibrium.
11. Equilibrium Constant (K) and Reaction Quotient (Q)
In this lesson, we will first define and explain the notion of a chemical equilibrium. Then, you'll learn about the equilibrium constant and reaction quotient. Finally, we'll round off the lesson with a couple of examples to solidify what you've learned!
12. Using a RICE Table in Equilibrium Calculations
Learn what the RICE table is and how to fill in the table with the reaction, initial concentration, change in concentration and amount of product and reactants at equilibrium. Learn how to use the RICE table to calculate the concentrations and amounts and the equilibrium constant of equations at equilibrium.
13. Solubility Equilibrium: Using a Solubility Constant (Ksp) in Calculations
Learn the definition of solubility and solubility constant (Ksp) in this lesson. Interpret solubility constants and make calculations involving the dissociation of a slightly soluble compound given molar solubility.
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Other chapters within the Prentice Hall Physical Science: Online Textbook Help course
- Chapter 1: Science Skills
- Chapter 2: Properties of Matter
- Chapter 3: States of Matter
- Chapter 4: Atomic Structure
- Chapter 5: The Periodic Table
- Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
- Chapter 8: Solutions, Acids, and Bases
- Chapter 9: Carbon Chemistry
- Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 11: Motion
- Chapter 12: Forces and Motion
- Chapter 13: Forces in Fluids
- Chapter 14: Work, Power, and Machines
- Chapter 15: Energy
- Chapter 16: Thermal Energy and Heat
- Chapter 17: Mechanical Waves and Sound
- Chapter 18: The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Light
- Chapter 19: Optics
- Chapter 20: Electricity
- Chapter 21: Magnetism