About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in Prentice Hall Physical Science's Carbon Chemistry chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the carbon chemistry topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Organic molecules and functional groups
- Monomers and polymers
- Forms of hydrocarbons
- Function and structure of enzymes
- Environmental factors that affect enzymes
- Function of chlorophyll in photosynthesis
- Benefits and drawbacks of fossil fuels
- Impact of fossil fuels and greenhouse gases on global warming
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1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds
Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds.
4. Function of Enzymes: Substrate, Active Site & Activation Energy
In this lesson, we'll learn how enzymes function to lower the activation energy of a chemical reaction. Enzymes bind to their substrates to perform all kinds of important and essential cellular processes, as well as processes that help you enjoy a slice of pizza!
5. Enzyme Activity & Inhibition: Structure, Substrates, pH & Temperature
Enzymes appreciate the right working conditions. Can you blame them? We all work best in the correct environment. In this lesson, we'll learn how substrate concentration, temperature, and pH affect enzyme activity and structure.
6. Chlorophyll: Absorbing Light Energy for Photosynthesis
Plants are clean, green, photosynthesizing machines. Using a specialized pigment called chlorophyll, plants are able to soak up energy from the sun and turn it into food. In this lesson, we'll start to learn why chlorophyll literally gets excited about a sunny day!
7. What Are Fossil Fuels? - Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
Fossil fuels are sources of energy that have developed within the earth over millions of years. Because fossil fuels - oil, natural gas, and coal - take so long to form, they are considered nonrenewable. Learn more about these fuels, including the pros and cons of using them.
8. Fossil Fuels, Greenhouse Gases, and Global Warming
In this video lesson, you'll learn what roles fossil fuels and greenhouse gases play in global warming, as well as what life on Earth can expect due to rising carbon dioxide levels within Earth's atmosphere.
9. What Are Polymers? - Properties, Applications & Examples
Polymers are huge molecules that are encountered in nature as well as in our modern technology. This lesson introduces students to polymers, their properties, and some of the many ways polymers are found in the modern world.
10. Synthetic Polymers: Definition & Examples
Discover the chemistry behind some of the most popular and useful compounds ever made: synthetic polymers. Encounter some cool and common examples as you learn about the structures of these versatile compounds.
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Other chapters within the Prentice Hall Physical Science: Online Textbook Help course
- Chapter 1: Science Skills
- Chapter 2: Properties of Matter
- Chapter 3: States of Matter
- Chapter 4: Atomic Structure
- Chapter 5: The Periodic Table
- Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
- Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions
- Chapter 8: Solutions, Acids, and Bases
- Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 11: Motion
- Chapter 12: Forces and Motion
- Chapter 13: Forces in Fluids
- Chapter 14: Work, Power, and Machines
- Chapter 15: Energy
- Chapter 16: Thermal Energy and Heat
- Chapter 17: Mechanical Waves and Sound
- Chapter 18: The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Light
- Chapter 19: Optics
- Chapter 20: Electricity
- Chapter 21: Magnetism