Ch 10: Chemical Bonding & Compounds

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to improve your understanding of chemical bonding and compounds. Review how ionic and covalent compounds form as well as their properties. Use self-assessment quizzes to check your grasp of VSEPR theory, the octet rule and more.

Chemical Bonding & Compounds - Chapter Summary

If you're having trouble remembering the difference between covalent and ionic compounds, this chapter's for you. Use our entertaining video lessons to review major concepts involving chemical bonds, compounds and intermolecular forces. This chapter also covers ion formation and explains how to create a Lewis dot structure. After studying the lessons, you should be able to:

  • Define the octet rule
  • Explain how ions are formed
  • Name ionic compounds and list their properties
  • Write ionic compound formulas
  • Describe the properties of covalent compounds
  • Interpret Lewis dot structures
  • Predict the polarity of covalent bonds
  • Discuss the VSEPR theory
  • Identify strong and weak intermolecular forces

Our instructors are experienced at simplifying chemistry topics like those discussed in this chapter. They use diagrams, animations and other graphics -- along with plenty of examples -- to ensure you understand concepts like ionic character or London dispersion forces. Along with short videos, lessons include transcripts and multiple-choice quizzes -- all of which are accessible from a computer or mobile device.

14 Lessons in Chapter 10: Chemical Bonding & Compounds
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms

1. The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms

Learn the octet rule and how it applies to electron energy levels. Identify valence electrons and learn how to determine them by looking at the periodic table. Also, discover how they pertain to the octet rule. Learn how to draw the Lewis diagram of an atom, and understand how it provides clues to chemical bonding.

Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

2. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.

Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties

3. Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties

In this lesson, you'll learn about ionic compounds and how they form. Additionally, you'll learn the properties of ionic compounds, such as their high melting and boiling points, their ability to conduct electricity, and the fact that they form crystals.

Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds

4. Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds

An important part of dealing with chemical compounds is knowing how to refer to them. Learn how to name all ionic compounds, including simple binary compounds, compounds containing transition metals and compounds containing polyatomic ions.

Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds

5. Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds

In this lesson, you will learn how to write the chemical formulas for both binary ionic compounds and polyatomic ionic compounds when you are given only the name of the compound. You will see that it is actually quite simple when you learn the steps described in this lesson.

Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation

6. Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation

Learn about covalent bonds, how covalent compounds are formed and the properties inherent to covalent compounds, such as low melting and boiling points, in this lesson. Also, learn what rules to follow to name simple covalent compounds.

Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds

7. Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds

Review what a Lewis dot diagram is and discover how to draw a Lewis dot structural formula for compounds. Learn how to represent single, double and triple bonds with lines instead of dots. Also, learn how compounds arrange themselves.

Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions

8. Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions

This lesson defines Lewis dot structures and explains how to draw them for molecules in step-by-step detail. We'll also explore polyatomic ions and how to draw Lewis dot structures for them.

Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance

9. Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance

In this lesson, we'll review Lewis dot structures and how to draw them. Then, learn about resonance and resonance structures for molecules and polyatomic ions. Afterwards, assess your new knowledge with a quiz.

Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

10. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.

VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes

11. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes

In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.

Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity

12. Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity

Learn about dipoles and dipole moments in this lesson. Understand the relationship between dipole moments and molecule polarity, and learn how to determine if a molecule is polar or nonpolar.

Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

13. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.

London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

14. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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