About This Chapter
How it works:
- Begin your assignment or other MCAT test-prep work.
- Identify the chemical bonding concepts that you're stuck on.
- Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
- Press play, watch and learn!
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.
Who's it for?
This chapter of our MCAT Tutoring Solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn about chemical bonding and prepare for the exam. This resource can help students including those who:
- Struggle with understanding covalent, hydrogen and metallic bonds; ions and ionic compounds; the Octet Rule or any other chemical bonding topic
- Have limited time for studying
- Want a cost effective way to supplement their MCAT preparation
- Prefer learning science visually
- Find themselves struggling with the periodic table
- Cope with ADD or ADHD
- Want to get ahead in preparing for the MCAT
- Need access to MCAT preparation materials
Why it works:
- Engaging Tutors: We make preparing for the MCAT exam simple and fun.
- Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
- Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live MCAT prep tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
- Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Review chemical bonding on the go!
- Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.
- Understand the Lewis structure of atoms or the Octet rule.
- Learn the formulas for ions and ionic compounds.
- Explain how covalent compounds form.
- Understand how the valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory works.
- Describe the roles of strong and weak molecular forces in chemical bonding.
- Use scientific theories to predict molecular shapes.
- Understand the relationship between chemical bonding and intramolecular force.
- Name the four main groups of organic molecules.
1. The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms
Learn the octet rule and how it applies to electron energy levels. Identify valence electrons and learn how to determine them by looking at the periodic table. Also, discover how they pertain to the octet rule. Learn how to draw the Lewis diagram of an atom, and understand how it provides clues to chemical bonding.
2. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions
Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.
3. Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties
In this lesson, you'll learn about ionic compounds and how they form. Additionally, you'll learn the properties of ionic compounds, such as their high melting and boiling points, their ability to conduct electricity, and the fact that they form crystals.
4. Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds
An important part of dealing with chemical compounds is knowing how to refer to them. Learn how to name all ionic compounds, including simple binary compounds, compounds containing transition metals and compounds containing polyatomic ions.
5. Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds
In this lesson, you will learn how to write the chemical formulas for both binary ionic compounds and polyatomic ionic compounds when you are given only the name of the compound. You will see that it is actually quite simple when you learn the steps described in this lesson.
6. Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation
Learn about covalent bonds, how covalent compounds are formed and the properties inherent to covalent compounds, such as low melting and boiling points, in this lesson. Also, learn what rules to follow to name simple covalent compounds.
7. Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds
Review what a Lewis dot diagram is and discover how to draw a Lewis dot structural formula for compounds. Learn how to represent single, double and triple bonds with lines instead of dots. Also, learn how compounds arrange themselves.
8. Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions
This lesson defines Lewis dot structures and explains how to draw them for molecules in step-by-step detail. We'll also explore polyatomic ions and how to draw Lewis dot structures for them.
9. Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance
In this lesson, we'll review Lewis dot structures and how to draw them. Then, learn about resonance and resonance structures for molecules and polyatomic ions. Afterwards, assess your new knowledge with a quiz.
10. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character
Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.
11. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes
In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.
12. Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity
Learn about dipoles and dipole moments in this lesson. Understand the relationship between dipole moments and molecule polarity, and learn how to determine if a molecule is polar or nonpolar.
13. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces
Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.
14. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces
Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.
15. Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape
You'll learn how to explain how shapes of molecules can be predicted using valence bond theory and hybridization. When finished, you'll understand the difference between sigma and pi bonds and how the VSEPR theory, along with the hybridization theory, helps predict the shape of a molecule.
16. Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams
Learn how to sketch the overlap of orbitals to form sigma and pi bonds. Use the molecular orbital theory to determine bond order. Discover how bond order affects bond strength and bond energy.
17. Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors
Learn why metallic bonding is called the electron sea model. Discover why metals bond the way they do and why they are shiny, malleable and conduct electricity well.
18. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules
Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.
19. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
20. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MCAT Prep: Tutoring Solution course
- Introduction to Organic Chemistry for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Enzymes and Metabolism for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- The Transcription and Translation Process for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Processes and Steps of DNA Replication for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Genetic Variation, Control & Reproduction
- Developmental Mechanisms for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Mendelian Concepts for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Genetic Variability & Mutation for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Analytic Methods in Genetics for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Evolution & Natural Selection for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Development of Vertebrates for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Thermochemistry & Thermodynamics for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Kinetics and Equilibrium for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Cell Structure, Functions & Processes
- Eukaryotes for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Prokaryotic Cells for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Fungi for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Virus Structure & Life Cycle for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Cell Biology & Cell Cycle for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Nerve, Muscle & Specialized Cell Types for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Hormones & Mechanisms of Hormone Action for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Structure, Function & Sensory Reception in the Nervous System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Circulatory System Overview for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Lymphatic System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Immune System - Innate and Adaptive Systems for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Digestive System Functions & Organs for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Urinary System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Muscle and Skeletal Systems for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Respiratory System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Skin System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Anatomy and Physiology of Male and Female Reproductive Systems for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Reproductive Sequence for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Translational Motion for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Force, Motion & Gravitation for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Equilibrium and Momentum for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Work and Energy for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Waves for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Principles of Fluids
- Gases for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Electrostatics & Magnetism for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Electronic Circuit Elements for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Electrochemistry for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Sound for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Light & Geometrical Optics for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Atomic Nucleus for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Electronic Structure for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- The Periodic Table for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Stoichiometric Calculations for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Acids and Bases Overview for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Solution Chemistry for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Phase Equilibria for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Basic Molecular Biology Lab Techniques for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Sensory Processes & Theories
- Human Senses
- Human Attention & Cognition
- States of Human Consciousness
- Characterizing Language Development
- Genetics, Evolution & Environmental Influences on Behavior
- Prenatal Development & Birth
- Principles of Motor Development, Learning & Control
- Development in the Adolescence Years
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Motivation Types and Sources
- Attitude Types and Theories
- Types of Social Groups & Organizations
- Theories of Deviance & Social Control
- Learning and Conditioning
- Understanding the Self
- Prejudice & Discrimination
- Social Behavior
- Social Structure
- Families, Religions & Schools as Social Institutions
- Political & Economic Systems
- Health and Medicine
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Population and Migration
- Sex and Gender Roles
- Social Status
- Principles & Procedures in Scientific Research
- Scientific Basics & Theories
- Analyzing Scientific Data for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Verbal Reasoning for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution