About This Chapter
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Anyone who needs help learning or mastering college-level general chemistry material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn college-level general chemistry. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding ions or working with ionic compounds
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
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- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about chemical bonding
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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Chemical Bonding chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know; review what you don't.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a Chemical Bonding unit of a standard college-level general chemistry course. Topics covered include:
- Naming ionic compounds
- Covalent compounds
- Covalent bonds
- Molecular orbital theory
- Metallic bonding
1. The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms
Learn the octet rule and how it applies to electron energy levels. Identify valence electrons and learn how to determine them by looking at the periodic table. Also, discover how they pertain to the octet rule. Learn how to draw the Lewis diagram of an atom, and understand how it provides clues to chemical bonding.
2. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions
Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.
3. Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties
In this lesson, you'll learn about ionic compounds and how they form. Additionally, you'll learn the properties of ionic compounds, such as their high melting and boiling points, their ability to conduct electricity, and the fact that they form crystals.
4. Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds
An important part of dealing with chemical compounds is knowing how to refer to them. Learn how to name all ionic compounds, including simple binary compounds, compounds containing transition metals and compounds containing polyatomic ions.
5. Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds
In this lesson, you will learn how to write the chemical formulas for both binary ionic compounds and polyatomic ionic compounds when you are given only the name of the compound. You will see that it is actually quite simple when you learn the steps described in this lesson.
6. Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation
Learn about covalent bonds, how covalent compounds are formed and the properties inherent to covalent compounds, such as low melting and boiling points, in this lesson. Also, learn what rules to follow to name simple covalent compounds.
7. Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds
Review what a Lewis dot diagram is and discover how to draw a Lewis dot structural formula for compounds. Learn how to represent single, double and triple bonds with lines instead of dots. Also, learn how compounds arrange themselves.
8. Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions
This lesson defines Lewis dot structures and explains how to draw them for molecules in step-by-step detail. We'll also explore polyatomic ions and how to draw Lewis dot structures for them.
9. Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance
In this lesson, we'll review Lewis dot structures and how to draw them. Then, learn about resonance and resonance structures for molecules and polyatomic ions. Afterwards, assess your new knowledge with a quiz.
10. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character
Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.
11. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes
In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.
12. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces
Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.
13. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces
Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.
14. Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape
You'll learn how to explain how shapes of molecules can be predicted using valence bond theory and hybridization. When finished, you'll understand the difference between sigma and pi bonds and how the VSEPR theory, along with the hybridization theory, helps predict the shape of a molecule.
15. Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams
Learn how to sketch the overlap of orbitals to form sigma and pi bonds. Use the molecular orbital theory to determine bond order. Discover how bond order affects bond strength and bond energy.
16. Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors
Learn why metallic bonding is called the electron sea model. Discover why metals bond the way they do and why they are shiny, malleable and conduct electricity well.
17. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules
Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.
18. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
19. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.
20. Triple Bond: Definition & Examples
Tiny but mighty, triple bonds are some of the toughest structures in the atomic world. Learn the definition of a triple bond, get familiar with some examples, then quiz yourself on your new knowledge.
21. The 3 Allotropes of Carbon
Carbon is an incredible element with the ability to form a variety of allotropes. In this lesson, we will explore what it means for something to be an allotrope, and we will examine three common allotropes of carbon.
22. The 4 Types of Bonds Carbon Can Form
From plant biology to human biology and organic chemistry, carbon is important to life as we know it. Unravel the chemical versatility of carbon, learning about its molecular shape and the four types of bonds it can form.
23. Zwitterion: Structure & Function
Anions are negatively charged ions, and cations are positively charged ions. Zwitterions are ions with both a negative and a positive charge. In this lesson, we'll look at some examples of zwitterions and learn about their function.
24. Double Displacement Reaction: Definition & Examples
When a chemical reaction occurs, bonds are broken and new bonds are formed and products have a different identity from the reactants. In this lesson, we will discuss one of the main types of chemical reactions, called a double displacement reaction.
25. Alkanes: Definition, Properties, Formula & Examples
Alkanes are chemical compounds that play a very important role in our lives. Plastic products, gasoline, natural gas - alkanes are necessary for us to have these. In this lesson, we will learn all about alkanes.
26. Butyl: Structure, Uses & Formula
Butyl is an organic compound that can be derived from the compound butane. Read through this lesson to learn about the functional group butyl. Discover the structure of butyl, its formula, as well as its uses for our everyday lives.
27. H2SO3: Definition & Lewis Structure
Sulfurous acid has a chemical formula of H2SO3. It is known for its bleaching properties so it is used to bleach various products. In this lesson, we will learn about sulfurous acid, some of its uses, and how to draw its Lewis structure.
28. Lattice Energy: Definition, Trends & Equation
This lesson discusses the concept of lattice energy in ionic solids. We'll look at what factors affect the strength of bonds in ionic solids. We'll also go over how to use the Born-Haber Cycle to calculate lattice energy.
29. Nonpolar Molecule: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you'll learn what nonpolar molecules are and how to distinguish them from polar molecules. You'll also see several examples of important nonpolar molecules in our body and learn what their functions are.
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Other chapters within the College Chemistry: Help and Review course
- Experimental Chemistry and Introduction to Matter: Help and Review
- Atoms: Help and Review
- The Periodic Table: Help and Review
- Nuclear Chemistry: Help and Review
- Liquids and Solids: Help and Review
- Gases: Help and Review
- Solutions: Help and Review
- Stoichiometry: Help and Review
- Chemical Reactions: Help and Review
- Equilibrium: Help and Review
- Kinetics: Help and Review
- Thermodynamics: Help and Review
- Chirality in Organic Chemistry: Help & Review
- Stereochemistry: Help & Review