About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Chemical Bonding chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Chemical Bonds I-IV||Covalent bond, triple bond, chemical bond, double bond, molecule, ion, electronegativity, ionic bond, anion, cation, nonpolar covalent bond, hydrogen bond, polar covalent bond, and polar|
|Tuesday||Compounds: Rules and formulas||Octet Rule, ion formation, ion names, ion formulas, ionic compound formation, ionic compound properties, lattice energy, simple binary compounds, compounds with polyatomic ions, compounds with transition metals, covalent compound formation, covalent compound properties, and binary covalent compounds|
|Wednesday||Structures: Rules and formulas||Know the Lewis symbol of an element, identify the polarities of different types of bonds, figure out the amount of ionic character per each bond, and be able to draw Lewis structures for the following: single bond covalent compounds, double bond covalent compounds, triple bond covalent compounds, resonance structures, and polyatomic ions|
|Thursday||Bonding, force, and molecular theories||VSPER theory, VSPER structure, molecule polarity, diopole-dipole forces, ion-dipole forces, the effect of bonding on melting points, the effect of bonding on boiling points, hydrogen bonding, London dispersion forces, molecule shapes, balance bond theory, orbital overlap, pi and sigma bond formation, hybridization, molecular orbital theory, bond energy, bond order, bond strength, metallic bonding, malleable metals, electrical conductors, shiny metals, and the electron-sea model|
|Friday||Organic and inorganic molecules||Macromolecule bonding, inorganic macromolecules, organic macromolecules, alkyne structures, isomers, aromatic hydrocarbon structures, alkane structures, alkene structures, ethers, esters, alkyl halides, alcohols, carboxylic acids, ketones, functional group present ethers|
1. Chemical Bonding Lesson Plan
Chemical bonds are everywhere in our environment. Your students will learn the basics about chemical bonds as they watch a video, create and view books of chemical bonds, and take a quiz.
2. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent
Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.
3. Covalent Bonds Lesson Plan
Covalent bonds hold all kinds of chemicals together that we use on a regular basis. Your students will learn about covalent bonds as they watch a video, draw diagrams of covalent bonds and take a quiz.
4. Covalent Bonding Activities
There are lots of hands-on activities we can use to teach covalent bonding and help students picture what is happening. Here are several such classroom activities for you to try.
5. Chemical Bonds II: Ionic
Did you know that the scientific name for table salt is sodium chloride? Find out how sodium and chlorine atoms come together to form your favorite seasoning.
6. Ionic Bonds Lesson Plan
If you're looking for a fun and interesting way to explore ionic bonds with your students, this lesson plan can help! Students will watch two video lessons, discuss ionic bonds and compounds, and explore ionic bonds through a hands-on acitivyt.
7. Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent
Are you confused about how you can tell what kind of bond two atoms will form? This lesson will help you understand the difference between polar and nonpolar covalent bonds as well as how to predict how two atoms will interact.
8. Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen
This lesson defines and discusses important concepts behind hydrogen bonding. You'll learn when and why these bonds occur and which atoms are often involved.
9. The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms
Learn the octet rule and how it applies to electron energy levels. Identify valence electrons and learn how to determine them by looking at the periodic table. Also, discover how they pertain to the octet rule. Learn how to draw the Lewis diagram of an atom, and understand how it provides clues to chemical bonding.
10. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions
Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.
11. Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties
In this lesson, you'll learn about ionic compounds and how they form. Additionally, you'll learn the properties of ionic compounds, such as their high melting and boiling points, their ability to conduct electricity, and the fact that they form crystals.
12. Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds
An important part of dealing with chemical compounds is knowing how to refer to them. Learn how to name all ionic compounds, including simple binary compounds, compounds containing transition metals and compounds containing polyatomic ions.
13. Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation
Learn about covalent bonds, how covalent compounds are formed and the properties inherent to covalent compounds, such as low melting and boiling points, in this lesson. Also, learn what rules to follow to name simple covalent compounds.
14. Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds
Review what a Lewis dot diagram is and discover how to draw a Lewis dot structural formula for compounds. Learn how to represent single, double and triple bonds with lines instead of dots. Also, learn how compounds arrange themselves.
15. Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions
This lesson defines Lewis dot structures and explains how to draw them for molecules in step-by-step detail. We'll also explore polyatomic ions and how to draw Lewis dot structures for them.
16. Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance
In this lesson, we'll review Lewis dot structures and how to draw them. Then, learn about resonance and resonance structures for molecules and polyatomic ions. Afterwards, assess your new knowledge with a quiz.
17. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character
Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.
18. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes
In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.
19. Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity
Learn about dipoles and dipole moments in this lesson. Understand the relationship between dipole moments and molecule polarity, and learn how to determine if a molecule is polar or nonpolar.
20. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces
Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.
21. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces
Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.
22. Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape
You'll learn how to explain how shapes of molecules can be predicted using valence bond theory and hybridization. When finished, you'll understand the difference between sigma and pi bonds and how the VSEPR theory, along with the hybridization theory, helps predict the shape of a molecule.
23. Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams
Learn how to sketch the overlap of orbitals to form sigma and pi bonds. Use the molecular orbital theory to determine bond order. Discover how bond order affects bond strength and bond energy.
24. Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors
Learn why metallic bonding is called the electron sea model. Discover why metals bond the way they do and why they are shiny, malleable and conduct electricity well.
25. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules
Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.
26. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
27. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.
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