About This Chapter
Chemical Reaction Mechanisms - Chapter Summary
This chapter includes lessons on chemical reaction mechanisms. Discussions of many types of organic chemical reactions are included. Once you have completed the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Understand organic chemical reactions, including addition, substitution, polymerization, cracking, redox, esterification, and fermentation
- Discuss homolytic and heterolytic fission
- Define electrophile and nucleophile
- Explain inductive, mesomeric, and electromeric effects
- Describe free radical and polar mechanisms
We use short and engaging video lessons, which helps you to easily understand the information presented. Our expert instructors provide plenty of examples. The video timelines allow you to navigate the videos and jump to the topics that are of greatest interest to you. Full video transcripts are also available for you to review. Each lesson includes a brief multiple-choice quiz to test your understanding of the topics covered.
1. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
2. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
There are many different types of reactions that occur in organic chemistry. This lesson will highlight three reactions, explaining which organic molecules are the reactants and which are the products, as well as what occurs during the reaction.
3. Homolytic & Heterolytic Fission
In this lesson, you'll learn about the ways bonds can be broken down as a reaction proceeds. You'll also understand how heterolytic fission and homolytic fission play important roles in many chemical reactions.
4. Electrophile: Definition & Examples
Electrophilic atoms or molecules are on a constant hunt for electron pairs. Discover what an electrophile is, its role in electrophilic addition, and examples of electrophiles. Test your electrophile expertise by taking a quiz at the end of the lesson.
5. Nucleophile: Definition & Examples
Nucleophiles are at the core of an important group of reactions in organic chemistry. In this lesson, we explore the definition of nucleophile as well as look at some examples to develop our understanding of the topic.
6. Inductive, Mesomeric & Electromeric Effects
This lesson will discuss inductive, mesomeric and electromeric effects with examples. We will also discuss some of the factors affecting electron availability in organic molecules, along with their consequences.
7. Polar Reaction Mechanisms: Types & Examples
In this lesson, we will discuss polar reaction mechanisms of organic molecules. These mechanisms help us interpret how and why we observe particular products from a chemical reaction.
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Other chapters within the ISC Chemistry: Study Guide & Syllabus course
- Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- Measurement in Chemistry
- Atomic Structure & Models
- Periodic Table & Periodicity
- Representative Elements
- Compounds of Element Groups
- Types of Chemical Bonding
- Covalent Bonds
- Characteristics of Gases
- Properties of Colloids
- Rates of Chemical Reactions
- Heat, Work & Energy
- Redox Reactions
- Organic Compounds in Chemistry
- Aliphatic & Aromatic Hydrocarbons
- Everyday Chemistry
- Chemistry & the Environment
- Relative Molecular Mass & Mole
- Solid State Structure & Properties
- Chemical Dynamics & Reaction Rates
- Chemical Equilibria
- Ionic Equilibria
- Electrochemistry & Voltaic Cells
- Coordination Compounds
- Chemistry of p-Block Elements
- Chemistry of Transition & Inner-Transition Elements
- Alkyl & Aryl Halides
- Alcohols & Phenols
- Ethers & Carbonyl Compounds
- Cyanides, Isocyanides & Nitro Compounds
- Polymer Basics
- Types of Biomolecules
- ISC Chemistry Flashcards