About This Chapter
Chemical Reaction Mechanisms - Chapter Summary
This chapter includes lessons on chemical reaction mechanisms. Discussions of many types of organic chemical reactions are included. Once you have completed the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Understand organic chemical reactions, including addition, substitution, polymerization, cracking, redox, esterification, and fermentation
- Discuss homolytic and heterolytic fission
- Define electrophile and nucleophile
- Explain inductive, mesomeric, and electromeric effects
- Describe free radical and polar mechanisms
We use short and engaging video lessons, which helps you to easily understand the information presented. Our expert instructors provide plenty of examples. The video timelines allow you to navigate the videos and jump to the topics that are of greatest interest to you. Full video transcripts are also available for you to review. Each lesson includes a brief multiple-choice quiz to test your understanding of the topics covered.
1. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic chemical reactions refer to the transformation of substances in the presence of carbon. This lesson will explore organic chemical reactions dealing with hydrocarbons, including addition, substitution, polymerization, and cracking.
2. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
Organic chemical reactions are processes that transform a substance into a totally different substance or state of being, such as a solid to a gas. This lesson will explore the chemical reactions of redox, esterification, and fermentation.
3. Homolytic & Heterolytic Fission
In this lesson, you'll learn about the ways bonds can be broken down as a reaction proceeds. You'll also understand how heterolytic fission and homolytic fission play important roles in many chemical reactions.
4. Electrophile: Definition & Examples
Electrophiles are atoms that are in constant need of electrons. Learn about the definition of electrophiles, the electrophiles-nucleophile relationship, the electrophilic addition reaction, and see some examples of electron-rich sites in organic molecules.
5. Nucleophile: Definition & Examples
Nucleophiles are compounds that attach to the nucleus to form new bonds. Discover more about what nucleophiles do, how they function in chemical reactions and in substitute reactions.
6. Inductive, Mesomeric & Electromeric Effects
This lesson will discuss inductive, mesomeric and electromeric effects with examples. We will also discuss some of the factors affecting electron availability in organic molecules, along with their consequences.
7. Polar Reaction Mechanisms: Types & Examples
In this lesson, we will discuss polar reaction mechanisms of organic molecules. These mechanisms help us interpret how and why we observe particular products from a chemical reaction.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Other chapters within the ISC Chemistry: Study Guide & Syllabus course
- Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- Measurement in Chemistry
- Atomic Structure & Models
- Periodic Table & Periodicity
- Representative Elements
- Compounds of Element Groups
- Types of Chemical Bonding
- Covalent Bonds
- Characteristics of Gases
- Properties of Colloids
- Rates of Chemical Reactions
- Heat, Work & Energy
- Redox Reactions
- Organic Compounds in Chemistry
- Aliphatic & Aromatic Hydrocarbons
- Everyday Chemistry
- Chemistry & the Environment
- Relative Molecular Mass & Mole
- Solid State Structure & Properties
- Chemical Dynamics & Reaction Rates
- Chemical Equilibria
- Ionic Equilibria
- Electrochemistry & Voltaic Cells
- Coordination Compounds
- Chemistry of p-Block Elements
- Chemistry of Transition & Inner-Transition Elements
- Alkyl & Aryl Halides
- Alcohols & Phenols
- Ethers & Carbonyl Compounds
- Cyanides, Isocyanides & Nitro Compounds
- Polymer Basics
- Types of Biomolecules
- ISC Chemistry Flashcards