Ch 1: Child Development Psychology

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about the different aspects of child development psychology. Get details on the theorists who have influenced this field and their theories.

Child Development Psychology - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our instructors explain the important theories and theorists in child development psychology and how each is important in the life of the growing child and adolescent. You will be introduced to the theorists who established this field as well as to the newer theorists whose contributions have been influential.

You'll learn about childhood and adolescent developmental milestones and the nature vs. nurture debate. As you progress through this chapter, you'll examine language development in children, the development of moral and prosocial behavior, and cognitive development. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Discuss Piaget's theory of cognitive development and its impact in the classroom
  • Define the stages of cognitive development according to Piaget
  • Explain Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development and how it differs from Piaget's
  • Discuss the zone of proximal development and scaffolding
  • Understand the link between social constructivism and cognitive development
  • Recognize tools that can advance cognitive development
  • Explain the relationship between social and cognitive development and its importance
  • Discuss Erikson's stages of identity formation
  • Talk about children's language development
  • Define moral and prosocial development and give examples of classroom applications
  • Explain Gilligan's and Kohlberg's theories on moral development

Our lessons are taught via brief, fun video lessons that engage and absorb you. These lessons are taught by experts in their various fields. You'll also find self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts to enhance your learning. We provide a jump feature in the video timelines that allow you to watch a portion of a video without having to scroll through the whole thing.

11 Lessons in Chapter 1: Child Development Psychology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Child and Adolescent Development: Developmental Milestones & Nature vs. Nurture

1. Child and Adolescent Development: Developmental Milestones & Nature vs. Nurture

How does a child develop cognitively? Which influences development more - genetics or the environment? How important are early experiences in the growth and cognitive development of a child? These are some of the major questions that guide the work of researchers in the field of educational psychology. This lesson will begin to address these questions by describing the basic principles that characterize child and adolescent development.

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

2. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.

Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

3. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.

Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development

4. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development

The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.

Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience

5. Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience

A well-accepted fact among educational psychologists is the idea that knowledge is not absorbed but rather constructed through a person's experiences with his or her environment. This knowledge may be constructed individually or collaboratively. This lesson will briefly explain the processes behind knowledge construction and provide information on how socially constructed knowledge can advance the cognitive development of learners.

Tools to Advance Cognitive Development

6. Tools to Advance Cognitive Development

The word 'tool' has a connotation of something that aids us. Normally, we think of tools being something manipulated with our hands to help us build. In this lesson, we will learn about tools designed to promote cognitive development.

Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

7. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?

Linguistics: Language Development in Children

8. Linguistics: Language Development in Children

How does a baby's babble turn into intelligible speech? Are there underlining innate traits that drive language development in children? Or is it the social interaction with others that encourages language development? This lesson will explore these questions and discuss how aspects of language change over time.

Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development

9. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development

How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.

Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development

10. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development

How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.

Self-Fulfilling Prophecy in Education: Definition, Theory & Examples

11. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy in Education: Definition, Theory & Examples

In this lesson, we will explore what a self-fulfilling prophecy is and how it affects our mindset, behavior, and those around us. We will examine how teachers create self-fulfilling prophecies with their students and how to move past them.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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