About This Chapter
Childbirth and Newborn Characteristics - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Learn about what happens immediately before and after childbirth, as well as various childbirth methods and potential complications that can result. In this chapter, instructors discuss how newborns develop and how their development is assessed. You will be introduced to the major theories that have helped shape our current understanding of a newborn's psychology and the relevant vocabulary associated with this topic. By the end of this chapter you should be able to:
- Describe the development that takes place in the first month post-childbirth
- Differentiate between the neonatal and perinatal environments
- Explain the role of hormones in labor and delivery
- Understand Apgar scores and the reflexes of newborns
- Understand the process of childbirth according to various methods
|The Perinatal Environment and Potential Hazards During the Birth Process||Define the perinatal environment and recognize potential hazards during the birth process.|
|The Neonatal Environment: Definition & Apgar Test||Define the neonatal environment and the Apgar test.|
|Childbirth: The Role of Hormones in Labor and Delivery||Explain the roles of estrogen, progesterone, and prolactin.|
|Methods of Childbirth||Define and describe the different methods of childbirth, including C-section, natural delivery, and medicated delivery.|
|Issues Related to Childbirth||Discuss cultural differences in childbirth, criteria for low birth weight, etc.|
|The Neonatal Period: Changes During the First Month of Life||Understand sleep/wake cycles and other newborn behaviors as well as changes.|
|The Neonatal Environment: Definition & Assessment||Describe methods of neonatal assessment, including the Apgar scale and Brazelton scale.|
|Reflexes of Newborns||Define the reflexes of babies, including Babinski, tonic neck, root, suck, and Moro reflexes.|
1. The Perinatal Environment and Potential Hazards During the Birth Process
What does perinatal mean? What happens during the birth process? What are some things that can go wrong? You will find the answers to these questions and more in this lesson!
2. The Neonatal Environment: Definition & Apgar Test
The neonatal period lasts from birth until four weeks old. Care during this period is essential to healthy development. In this lesson, explore the neonatal environment and learn how the Apgar test is used to assess newborn functioning.
3. Fetal Dystocia: Normal and Abnormal Fetal Positions Prior to Childbirth
While the majority of births proceed without too many complications, occasionally some births don't go quite as planned. Learn about some of the more common types of complications in this lesson on difficult births and fetal dystocia.
4. Childbirth: The Role of Hormones in Labor and Delivery
How does a mother's body know when it is time to give birth? How does the labor process begin and end? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson on the hormones involved in childbirth.
5. Childbirth Methods: Natural Delivery, Medicated Delivery & C-Section
Birth is one of the first major developmental milestones, but there are many different ways to give birth. In this lesson, we'll look at three popular methods of childbirth: natural childbirth, medicated childbirth, and C-sections.
6. Premature Births and Associated Complications
What classifies a baby as premature? If they are born premature, how likely is it that they will survive? Learn about this and more in this lesson on the risks and complications of premature birth.
7. The Three Stages of Labor: Dilation, Expulsion & Placental
You may think of the process of labor and childbirth as one long event, but it is actually divided into different stages. Learn about each of the three stages of labor in this lesson.
8. Childbirth Issues: Cultural Differences, Low Birth Weight & Injuries
Childbirth represents one of the first key moments in human development, but there are always challenges that arise with childbirth. In this lesson, we'll look at some common issues surrounding childbirth.
9. The Neonatal Period: Changes During the First Month of Life
Development of our internal systems doesn't stop with birth. Learn about some of the main changes that occur during a newborn infant's first month of life in this lesson on the neonatal period.
10. The Neonatal Environment: Definition & Assessment
How do medical professionals make sure that a baby is healthy at the beginning of his or her life? In this lesson, we'll examine two common assessments given to measure physical and behavioral health: the APGAR Assessment and the Brazelton Scale.
11. Identifying the Reflexes of Newborns
Reflexes allow babies to survive the first few years of life. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the major reflexes of infants, including those that indicate a healthy nervous system response and those designed to help a baby feed itself.
12. Multiple Births: Symptoms, Difficulties & Types
While the thought of twins or triplets may be exciting or intriguing, have you ever considered the difficulties that are involved in the birthing of multiple babies? Learn about the different types of twins and some of the complications that come along with being pregnant with twins, triplets, and other sets of multiple births.
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Other chapters within the DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Domains of Human Development
- Research Methods and the Study of Life Span Development
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- The Impact of Genetics in Human Development & Psychology
- Prenatal Development Concepts
- Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood
- Physical and Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood
- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
- Physical and Sexual Development in Adolescence
- Psychosocial Development in Adolescence
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Adulthood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood
- Physical Development in Late Adulthood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
- Death and Dying: Stages and Psychological Impact
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology Flashcards