Ch 3: Childhood Growth and Development

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about the different aspects of childhood growth and development. Get definitions of different types of development in childhood, and how these function at different stages of childhood.

Childhood Growth and Development - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our instructors explain the different dimensions of growth and development throughout the childhood period, including development in early and middle childhood, and why these processes are so important.

You'll learn about physical, nutritional, cognitive and social development in children, and about fears and anxieties in young children. As you progress through this chapter, you can study emotional regulation and aggression in early childhood and social issues that impact early childhood development. You will also learn about physical, nutritional, cognitive and social development during middle childhood, the importance of peer relationships, the role of school in development, and stress and resilience in middle childhood. After completing this course, you should be able to:

  • Describe brain and motor development in early childhood
  • Identify nutrition, health and safety issues in early childhood
  • Explain cognitive development concepts of conservation, decentration and centration
  • Examine the sense of self and self-socialization in children
  • Detail changes in motor skill development and physical growth in middle childhood
  • Explore health and fitness in middle childhood
  • Understand conformity, popularity and rejection patterns in middle childhood
  • Explore the gender differences in achievement and motivation
  • Identify social issues in middle childhood and their effects on development

A series of short, engaging videos present each topic in the chapter. The videos are taught by top subject matter experts in the field. Self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts accompany the videos and enhance your learning. There are also transcripts with key terms in bold and video tags that direct you back to specific portions of the video lesson without having to re-watch the whole thing.

15 Lessons in Chapter 3: Childhood Growth and Development
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Physical Development in Early Childhood

1. Physical Development in Early Childhood

Between the ages of two and seven, children grow and develop dramatically. Watch this lesson to look at some of the physical developments in early childhood, including balance, fine motor coordination and brain development.

Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood

2. Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood

As children grow and develop, so do threats to their health. From nutrition and childhood obesity to accidents, this lesson will explore the issues that face children in early childhood and what parents can do to deal with them.

Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration

3. Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration

As children grow, so do their thinking skills, knowledge, and learning. Watch this lesson to learn about how young children develop cognitively, including the key cognitive concepts of centration, decentration, and conservation.

Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views

4. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views

In this lesson, we will explore the sense of self, self-socialization, and the two social scientists who contributed to this field. We will examine Charles Cooley's theory of the Looking-Glass Self and George Herbert Mead's stages of play, game, and generalized other.

Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem

5. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem

The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.

Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners

6. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners

When you got in trouble as a child, how did your parents react? This lesson covers four different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting. Typical results from each parenting style are discussed in terms of children's behaviors, as well as application of the styles in a classroom environment.

Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood

7. Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood

Fear is a normal part of childhood, but many parents worry when their children act fearful. Watch this lesson to find out more about the purpose of fear, common childhood fears, and what parents can do to help children deal with fear.

Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood

8. Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood

What happens when a sweet kid suddenly starts hitting, kicking, and doing other aggressive things? In this lesson, we'll explore aggression in early childhood, including the main types of aggression and how to increase self-regulation.

Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development

9. Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development

Young children are growing and changing every day as part of early childhood development. But what happens when issues get in the way of development? Watch this video for more information on how divorce and parental substance abuse can affect children.

Physical Development in Middle Childhood

10. Physical Development in Middle Childhood

Between the ages of seven and twelve, children physically grow and change in ways that influence every part of their lives. In this lesson, we'll look at the ways that physical and brain development impact emotional and intellectual abilities.

Health and Fitness in Middle Childhood

11. Health and Fitness in Middle Childhood

The United States is facing a crisis of childhood obesity. But how can we fight this epidemic? Watch this video to learn about how children grow in middle childhood and how fitness and nutrition can help with the problem of obesity.

Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood

12. Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood

As children grow, they become more independent of their parents and turn to their peers more often. In this lesson, we'll examine children's evolving concepts of friendship, peer group norms, social conformity, and social comparison.

The Role of School in Children's Social & Emotional Development

13. The Role of School in Children's Social & Emotional Development

Every parent knows how much school can influence a child. But in what ways is this influence positive? In this lesson, we'll examine how going to school can impact a child's development, including how children learn from each other and how motivation impacts achievement.

Stress and Resilience in Middle Childhood

14. Stress and Resilience in Middle Childhood

Childhood can be a stressful time. But what causes children to feel stress, and how can they deal with it? Watch this lesson to find out what factors impact how much stress a child feels, and what properties of resilience allow children to deal with stress.

Social Issues in Middle Childhood & Their Effects on Development

15. Social Issues in Middle Childhood & Their Effects on Development

Children grow and develop in many ways. But sometimes issues at home or school can get in the way of development. In this lesson, we'll look at some issues that might contribute to developmental problems in a child's life.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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