Ch 3: Childhood Growth & Development

About This Chapter

Learn about development and growth in middle and early childhood with our video lessons. You'll get information on the importance of parenting styles, the development of self-esteem and social issues of middle childhood.

Childhood Growth and Development - Chapter Summary

Use our lessons and self-assessment quizzes to learn about physical and cognitive growth and development in childhood. Lessons cover topics including nutrition, self-esteem, emotions and health. Our instructors will discuss parenting styles and their impact. Other lessons focus on issues common to early and middle childhood. After viewing the lessons in this chapter, you should be equipped to:

  • Report on physical development in early childhood
  • Define conservation, decentration and centration as they relate to cognitive development in children
  • Explain how children develop a sense of self
  • Discuss common fears and anxieties of young children
  • Understand physical development, health and fitness in middle childhood
  • Analyze the role that school plays in a child's social and emotional development

These video lessons are accompanied by multiple-choice quizzes that let you gauge your knowledge. Video tags make it simple to go back and review passages that need more attention without re-watching the whole lesson. If you still need help, you can contact the instructor for personalized assistance.

15 Lessons in Chapter 3: Childhood Growth & Development
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Physical Development in Early Childhood

1. Physical Development in Early Childhood

Early childhood is the developmental stage occurring between the ages of zero and eight. Explore the physical developments children experience in balance, fine motor coordination, and rapid brain growth and functions.

Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood

2. Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood

Early childhood is considered to last from age 2 to ages 6 or 7 and comes with a number of health issues. Learn about the importance of nutrition, health, and safety in early childhood, and discover the two most common concerns of parents.

Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration

3. Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration

As children grow, so does their thinking skills, knowledge, and learning ability. Learn about cognitive development in children, including the main concepts of centration, decentration, and conservation, and discover how they relate to each other.

Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views

4. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views

The sense of self refers to an individual's perception of their identity, while self-socialization is a theory that posits a person's sense of self is developed from their social experiences. Explore the development of self-views, Charles Cooley's Looking-Glass Self Theory, and George Herbert Mead's three stages of developing a sense of self.

Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem

5. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem

While children are learning to build relationships and develop socially, they are also developing their own self-awareness and feelings--commonly called self-esteem. Learn more about the psychology of self-esteem in children and ways to foster positivity through prasie, encouragement, and care.

Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners

6. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners

Psychologists have discovered different parenting styles and have established a relation between those types and their children's behavior. Explore the different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting styles, and see how they shape different styles of learners.

Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood

7. Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood

Fear and anxiety are natural in early childhood, but many parents worry when their children act fearful. Learn about the purpose of fear, explore common childhood fears, and discover how parents can start helping kids deal with it.

Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood

8. Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood

Through development, children can display different types of aggression that can be controlled through emotion regulation techniques. Learn about early childhood development and explore the different types of aggression that children can display as well as how to improve self-regulation to control it.

Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development

9. Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development

Children are growing and changing every day, but poorly managed social issues can get in the way of their development. Learn how divorce and parental substance abuse can impact early childhood development.

Physical Development in Middle Childhood

10. Physical Development in Middle Childhood

Between the ages of 7 and 12, children physically grow and change in ways that influence every part of their lives. Learn about the main changes that occur during middle childhood, including physical and brain development, which impact emotional and thought development during his stage of life as well.

Health and Fitness in Middle Childhood

11. Health and Fitness in Middle Childhood

Middle childhood is classified as the years between ages seven and twelve. Explore the many physical changes children go through in this stage of life, and learn why proper exercise and nutrition are key components in a child's health during this time.

Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood

12. Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood

As children grow and get to their middle childhood, they tend to become closer to their peers. Learn about the developmental stage of middle childhood and see how the concepts of peer relationships, friendship, and social conformity come to prominence during this stage.

The Role of School in Children's Social & Emotional Development

13. The Role of School in Children's Social & Emotional Development

Children in middle childhood go through several changes, including socio-emotional development, in which the school takes on an important role. Explore how going to school can affect a child's development, including how children acquire skills through social learning and how motivation affects achievement.

Stress and Resilience in Middle Childhood

14. Stress and Resilience in Middle Childhood

Middle childhood can be a stressful time, but children with resilience can better cope with the stressors of this stage. Explore the factors that impact how much stress a child feels and how resilience allows children to deal with stress.

Social Issues in Middle Childhood & Their Effects on Development

15. Social Issues in Middle Childhood & Their Effects on Development

Children grow and develop in many ways, but sometimes social issues at home or school can get in the way of development. Discover common problems in middle childhood, including family and school issues and their effects on development.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken
More Exams
There are even more practice exams available in Childhood Growth & Development.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Support