About This Chapter
Childhood Growth and Development - Chapter Summary
Use our lessons and self-assessment quizzes to learn about physical and cognitive growth and development in childhood. Lessons cover topics including nutrition, self-esteem, emotions and health. Our instructors will discuss parenting styles and their impact. Other lessons focus on issues common to early and middle childhood. After viewing the lessons in this chapter, you should be equipped to:
- Report on physical development in early childhood
- Define conservation, decentration and centration as they relate to cognitive development in children
- Explain how children develop a sense of self
- Discuss common fears and anxieties of young children
- Understand physical development, health and fitness in middle childhood
- Analyze the role that school plays in a child's social and emotional development
These video lessons are accompanied by multiple-choice quizzes that let you gauge your knowledge. Video tags make it simple to go back and review passages that need more attention without re-watching the whole lesson. If you still need help, you can contact the instructor for personalized assistance.
1. Physical Development in Early Childhood
Between the ages of two and seven, children grow and develop dramatically. Watch this lesson to look at some of the physical developments in early childhood, including balance, fine motor coordination and brain development.
2. Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood
As children grow and develop, so do threats to their health. From nutrition and childhood obesity to accidents, this lesson will explore the issues that face children in early childhood and what parents can do to deal with them.
3. Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration
As children grow, so do their thinking skills, knowledge, and learning. Watch this lesson to learn about how young children develop cognitively, including the key cognitive concepts of centration, decentration, and conservation.
4. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views
In this lesson, we will explore the sense of self, self-socialization, and the two social scientists who contributed to this field. We will examine Charles Cooley's theory of the Looking-Glass Self and George Herbert Mead's stages of play, game, and generalized other.
5. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
6. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners
When you got in trouble as a child, how did your parents react? This lesson covers four different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting. Typical results from each parenting style are discussed in terms of children's behaviors, as well as application of the styles in a classroom environment.
7. Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood
Fear is a normal part of childhood, but many parents worry when their children act fearful. Watch this lesson to find out more about the purpose of fear, common childhood fears, and what parents can do to help children deal with fear.
8. Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood
What happens when a sweet kid suddenly starts hitting, kicking, and doing other aggressive things? In this lesson, we'll explore aggression in early childhood, including the main types of aggression and how to increase self-regulation.
9. Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development
Young children are growing and changing every day as part of early childhood development. But what happens when issues get in the way of development? Watch this video for more information on how divorce and parental substance abuse can affect children.
10. Physical Development in Middle Childhood
Between the ages of seven and twelve, children physically grow and change in ways that influence every part of their lives. In this lesson, we'll look at the ways that physical and brain development impact emotional and intellectual abilities.
11. Health and Fitness in Middle Childhood
The United States is facing a crisis of childhood obesity. But how can we fight this epidemic? Watch this video to learn about how children grow in middle childhood and how fitness and nutrition can help with the problem of obesity.
12. Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood
As children grow, they become more independent of their parents and turn to their peers more often. In this lesson, we'll examine children's evolving concepts of friendship, peer group norms, social conformity, and social comparison.
13. The Role of School in Children's Social & Emotional Development
Every parent knows how much school can influence a child. But in what ways is this influence positive? In this lesson, we'll examine how going to school can impact a child's development, including how children learn from each other and how motivation impacts achievement.
14. Stress and Resilience in Middle Childhood
Childhood can be a stressful time. But what causes children to feel stress, and how can they deal with it? Watch this lesson to find out what factors impact how much stress a child feels, and what properties of resilience allow children to deal with stress.
15. Social Issues in Middle Childhood & Their Effects on Development
Children grow and develop in many ways. But sometimes issues at home or school can get in the way of development. In this lesson, we'll look at some issues that might contribute to developmental problems in a child's life.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Health Education (073): Practice and Study Guide course
- Human Growth & Development
- Adolescence Growth & Development
- Adult Growth & Development
- Pregnancy, Prenatal Care & Childbirth
- Introduction to Health & Wellness
- Introduction to Disease & Illness
- Mental Distress, Depression & Suicide
- Basic Principles of Nutrition
- Carbohydrates in Nutrition
- Lipids in Nutrition
- Protein in Nutrition
- Water as a Nutrient
- Minerals & Nutrition
- Vitamins in Nutrition
- Eating Disorders & Treatments
- Benefits of Physical Fitness
- Health Risk Education
- Injury Prevention Strategies
- Environmental Health & Protection
- Substance Use & Abuse
- Human Sexuality & Health
- Communication Processes & Skills
- Family & Social Systems
- Discrimination, Aggression & Conflict
- Media & Advertising of Health Information
- Resources for Health Information
- Health Care Systems
- Governmental Health Regulations
- Understanding Health Education Programs
- Education Strategies & Methods
- Assessments in Health Education Programs
- NYSTCE Health Education Flashcards