About This Chapter
Childhood Growth and Development - Chapter Summary
Use our lessons and self-assessment quizzes to learn about physical and cognitive growth and development in childhood. Lessons cover topics including nutrition, self-esteem, emotions and health. Our instructors will discuss parenting styles and their impact. Other lessons focus on issues common to early and middle childhood. After viewing the lessons in this chapter, you should be equipped to:
- Report on physical development in early childhood
- Define conservation, decentration and centration as they relate to cognitive development in children
- Explain how children develop a sense of self
- Discuss common fears and anxieties of young children
- Understand physical development, health and fitness in middle childhood
- Analyze the role that school plays in a child's social and emotional development
These video lessons are accompanied by multiple-choice quizzes that let you gauge your knowledge. Video tags make it simple to go back and review passages that need more attention without re-watching the whole lesson. If you still need help, you can contact the instructor for personalized assistance.
1. Physical Development in Early Childhood
Early childhood is the developmental stage occurring between the ages of zero and eight. Explore the physical developments children experience in balance, fine motor coordination, and rapid brain growth and functions.
2. Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood
Early childhood is considered to last from age 2 to ages 6 or 7 and comes with a number of health issues. Learn about the importance of nutrition, health, and safety in early childhood, and discover the two most common concerns of parents.
3. Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration
As children grow, so does their thinking skills, knowledge, and learning ability. Learn about cognitive development in children, including the main concepts of centration, decentration, and conservation, and discover how they relate to each other.
4. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views
The sense of self refers to an individual's perception of their identity, while self-socialization is a theory that posits a person's sense of self is developed from their social experiences. Explore the development of self-views, Charles Cooley's Looking-Glass Self Theory, and George Herbert Mead's three stages of developing a sense of self.
5. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
While children are learning to build relationships and develop socially, they are also developing their own self-awareness and feelings--commonly called self-esteem. Learn more about the psychology of self-esteem in children and ways to foster positivity through prasie, encouragement, and care.
6. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners
Psychologists have discovered different parenting styles and have established a relation between those types and their children's behavior. Explore the different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting styles, and see how they shape different styles of learners.
7. Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood
Fear and anxiety are natural in early childhood, but many parents worry when their children act fearful. Learn about the purpose of fear, explore common childhood fears, and discover how parents can start helping kids deal with it.
8. Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood
Through development, children can display different types of aggression that can be controlled through emotion regulation techniques. Learn about early childhood development and explore the different types of aggression that children can display as well as how to improve self-regulation to control it.
9. Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development
Children are growing and changing every day, but poorly managed social issues can get in the way of their development. Learn how divorce and parental substance abuse can impact early childhood development.
10. Physical Development in Middle Childhood
Between the ages of 7 and 12, children physically grow and change in ways that influence every part of their lives. Learn about the main changes that occur during middle childhood, including physical and brain development, which impact emotional and thought development during his stage of life as well.
11. Health and Fitness in Middle Childhood
Middle childhood is classified as the years between ages seven and twelve. Explore the many physical changes children go through in this stage of life, and learn why proper exercise and nutrition are key components in a child's health during this time.
12. Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood
As children grow and get to their middle childhood, they tend to become closer to their peers. Learn about the developmental stage of middle childhood and see how the concepts of peer relationships, friendship, and social conformity come to prominence during this stage.
13. The Role of School in Children's Social & Emotional Development
Children in middle childhood go through several changes, including socio-emotional development, in which the school takes on an important role. Explore how going to school can affect a child's development, including how children acquire skills through social learning and how motivation affects achievement.
14. Stress and Resilience in Middle Childhood
Middle childhood can be a stressful time, but children with resilience can better cope with the stressors of this stage. Explore the factors that impact how much stress a child feels and how resilience allows children to deal with stress.
15. Social Issues in Middle Childhood & Their Effects on Development
Children grow and develop in many ways, but sometimes social issues at home or school can get in the way of development. Discover common problems in middle childhood, including family and school issues and their effects on development.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Health Education (073): Practice and Study Guide course
- NYSTCE Information Resources
- Human Growth & Development
- Adolescence Growth & Development
- Adult Growth & Development
- Pregnancy, Prenatal Care & Childbirth
- Introduction to Health & Wellness
- Introduction to Disease & Illness
- Mental Distress, Depression & Suicide
- Basic Principles of Nutrition
- Carbohydrates in Nutrition
- Lipids in Nutrition
- Protein in Nutrition
- Water as a Nutrient
- Minerals & Nutrition
- Vitamins in Nutrition
- Eating Disorders & Treatments
- Benefits of Physical Fitness
- Health Risk Education
- Injury Prevention Strategies
- Environmental Health & Protection
- Substance Use & Abuse
- Human Sexuality & Health
- Communication Processes & Skills
- Family & Social Systems
- Discrimination, Aggression & Conflict
- Media & Advertising of Health Information
- Resources for Health Information
- Health Care Systems
- Governmental Health Regulations
- Understanding Health Education Programs
- Education Strategies & Methods
- Assessments in Health Education Programs
- NYSTCE Health Education Flashcards